1but Jesus went to the Mount of Olives. 2#[Luke 21:38] Early in the morning he came again to the temple. All the people came to him, and #Matt. 5:1; Luke 4:20he sat down and taught them. 3The scribes and the Pharisees brought a woman who had been caught in adultery, and placing her in the midst 4they said to him, “Teacher, this woman has been caught in the act of adultery. 5Now #Lev. 20:10; Deut. 22:22 in the Law, Moses commanded us #Deut. 22:24; Ezek. 16:38, 40to stone such women. So what do you say?” 6This they said #Matt. 16:1; 19:3; 22:18, 35; Mark 8:11; 10:2; 12:15; Luke 10:25; 11:16 to test him, #See Luke 11:54that they might have some charge to bring against him. Jesus bent down and wrote with his finger on the ground. 7And as they continued to ask him, he stood up and said to them, #Rom. 2:1, 22 “Let him who is without sin among you #Deut. 17:7be the first to throw a stone at her.” 8And once more he bent down and wrote on the ground. 9But when they heard it, they went away one by one, beginning with the older ones, and Jesus was left alone with the woman standing before him. 10Jesus stood up and said to her, “Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?” 11She said, “No one, Lord.” And Jesus said, #ver. 15; [ch. 3:17; Luke 12:14] “Neither do I condemn you; go, and from now on #ch. 5:14sin no more.”]]
I Am the Light of the World
12 # ch. 7:37, 38 Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, #[Ps. 36:9; Isa. 42:6; 49:6; Mal. 4:2]; See ch. 1:4, 9 “I am the light of the world. Whoever #ch. 12:26; 21:19 follows me will not #See ch. 12:35walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” 13So the Pharisees said to him, #ch. 5:31“You are bearing witness about yourself; your testimony is not true.” 14Jesus answered, “Even if I do bear witness about myself, #[Rev. 3:14] my testimony is true, for I know #ch. 13:3; 16:28 where I came from and #ver. 21; ch. 7:33 where I am going, but #[ch. 7:28; 9:29]you do not know where I come from or where I am going. 15#ch. 7:24; 1 Sam. 16:7; [Job 10:4] You judge according to the flesh; #ch. 12:47; [ver. 11]I judge no one. 16Yet even if I do judge, #ch. 5:30 my judgment is true, for #ver. 29; ch. 16:32it is not I alone who judge, but I and the Father#8:16 Some manuscripts he who sent me. 17#See Num. 35:30In your Law it is written that the testimony of two people is true. 18I am the one who bears witness about myself, and #ch. 5:37the Father who sent me bears witness about me.” 19They said to him therefore, “Where is your Father?” Jesus answered, #ver. 55; ch. 16:3 “You know neither me nor my Father. #ch. 14:7If you knew me, you would know my Father also.” 20These words he spoke in #See Matt. 27:6 the treasury, as he taught in the temple; but #ch. 7:30 no one arrested him, because #ch. 7:8his hour had not yet come.
21So he said to them again, #ch. 14:28; [ch. 14:2, 3; 16:7] “I am going away, and #See ch. 7:34 you will seek me, and #ver. 24; Ezek. 3:18; 33:8you will die in your sin. Where I am going, you cannot come.” 22So the Jews said, #[ch. 7:35]“Will he kill himself, since he says, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come’?” 23He said to them, #[ver. 44; ch. 3:31] “You are from below; I am from above. #1 John 4:5 You are of this world; #ch. 17:14, 16I am not of this world. 24I told you that you #ver. 21 would die in your sins, for #ch. 16:9 unless you believe that #Mark 13:6; Luke 21:8I am he you will die in your sins.” 25So they said to him, #[ch. 1:19]“Who are you?” Jesus said to them, “Just what I have been telling you from the beginning. 26I have much to say about you and much to judge, but #ch. 3:33; 7:28; Rom. 3:4 he who sent me is true, and I declare #[ch. 18:20] to the world #ver. 40; ch. 15:15; [ch. 3:32; Rev. 1:1]what I have heard from him.” 27They did not understand that #ver. 18, 26he had been speaking to them about the Father. 28So Jesus said to them, “When you have #ch. 3:14; 12:32, 34 lifted up the Son of Man, #[ch. 16:8-11] then you will know that #See ver. 24 I am he, and that #See ch. 5:30 I do nothing on my own authority, but #See ch. 7:16speak just as the Father taught me. 29And #ver. 16; ch. 16:32; Acts 10:38; See ch. 10:38 he who sent me is with me. #ver. 16; ch. 16:32; Acts 10:38; See ch. 10:38 He has not left me alone, for #ch. 4:34; 5:30; 6:38; [1 John 3:22]I always do the things that are pleasing to him.” 30As he was saying these things, #See ch. 7:31many believed in him.
The Truth Will Set You Free
31So Jesus said to the Jews who had believed him, #ch. 15:7, 8; 2 John 9“If you abide in my word, you are truly my disciples, 32and you will #2 John 1 know the truth, and the truth #ver. 36; Rom. 6:18, 22; 8:2; 1 Cor. 7:22; 2 Cor. 3:17; Gal. 5:1, 13; James 1:25; 2:12; 1 Pet. 2:16will set you free.” 33They answered him, #ver. 37, 39; Matt. 3:9; [Luke 19:9; Rom. 9:7]“We are offspring of Abraham and have never been enslaved to anyone. How is it that you say, ‘You will become free’?”
34Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, #Rom. 6:16-20; Titus 3:3; 2 Pet. 2:19everyone who practices sin is a slave#8:34 For the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface; also verse 35 to sin. 35#Gen. 21:10; Gal. 4:30 The slave does not remain in the house forever; #Luke 15:31the son remains forever. 36So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed. 37I know that you are offspring of Abraham; yet #ver. 40; See ch. 7:1you seek to kill me because my word finds no place in you. 38#ch. 3:32; 5:19; 6:46 I speak of what I have seen with my Father, and you do what you have heard #ver. 41, 44from your father.”
You Are of Your Father the Devil
39They answered him, #ver. 33, 56 “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, #[Gal. 3:7, 9]“If you were Abraham’s children, you would be doing the works Abraham did, 40but now #ver. 37 you seek to kill me, a man who has told you the truth #ver. 26that I heard from God. This is not what Abraham did. 41You are doing the works your father did.” They said to him, #[Hos. 2:4] “We were not born of sexual immorality. We have #Deut. 32:6; Isa. 63:16; 64:8; [ver. 47]one Father—even God.” 42Jesus said to them, #[1 John 5:1] “If God were your Father, you would love me, for #1 John 5:20; [Heb. 10:9] I came from God and #ch. 16:28; 17:8 I am here. #ch. 7:28 I came not of my own accord, but #See ch. 3:17he sent me. 43#ch. 7:17 Why do you not understand what I say? It is because you cannot #Jer. 6:10; [1 Cor. 2:14]bear to hear my word. 44#1 John 3:8, 12; [ver. 23]; See Matt. 13:38 You are of your father the devil, and your will is to do your father’s desires. #Gen. 4:8, 9; 1 John 3:12, 15; [Rom. 5:12] He was a murderer from the beginning, and #[1 John 2:4] does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. #Gen. 3:4; 2 Cor. 11:3; Rev. 12:9When he lies, he speaks out of his own character, for he is a liar and the father of lies. 45But because I tell the truth, you do not believe me. 46Which one of you convicts me of sin? If I tell the truth, why do you not believe me? 47#[ch. 18:37; 1 John 4:6] Whoever is of God hears the words of God. #[ch. 10:26] The reason why you do not hear them is that #[ver. 41]you are not of God.”
Before Abraham Was, I Am
48The Jews answered him, “Are we not right in saying that you are a Samaritan and #See ch. 7:20have a demon?” 49Jesus answered, “I do not have a demon, but #ch. 5:23; [ch. 7:18]I honor my Father, and you dishonor me. 50Yet #ver. 54; ch. 5:41I do not seek my own glory; there is One who seeks it, and he is the judge. 51Truly, truly, #ch. 5:24; 11:26 I say to you, if anyone keeps my word, he will never #See Luke 2:26see death.” 52The Jews said to him, “Now we know that you have a demon! #[Zech. 1:5] Abraham died, as did the prophets, yet #ver. 51 you say, ‘If anyone keeps my word, he will never #Matt. 16:28; Heb. 2:9taste death.’ 53#[ch. 4:12]Are you greater than our father Abraham, who died? And the prophets died! Who do you make yourself out to be?” 54Jesus answered, #ver. 50 “If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. #ch. 13:32; 17:1; Acts 3:13; Heb. 5:5; 2 Pet. 1:17 It is my Father who glorifies me, #ver. 41of whom you say, ‘He is our God.’#8:54 Some manuscripts your God 55But #ver. 19; ch. 7:28 you have not known him. #ch. 7:29; See Matt. 11:27 I know him. If I were to say that I do not know him, I would be #1 John 1:6 a liar #ver. 44like you, but I do know him and I keep his word. 56#ver. 39 Your father Abraham #See Matt. 13:17 rejoiced #Luke 17:22 that he would see my day. #[Heb. 11:13]He saw it and was glad.” 57So the Jews said to him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham?”#8:57 Some manuscripts has Abraham seen you? 58Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, #See Ex. 3:14I am.” 59So #ch. 10:31they picked up stones to throw at him, but Jesus hid himself and went out of the temple.