I Am the True Vine
1 “I am the # [Jer. 2:21] true vine, and my Father is # [1 Cor. 3:9] the vinedresser. 2#ver. 6; Matt. 3:10; 7:19; [Rom. 11:17; 2 Pet. 1:8] Every branch in me that does not bear fruit #[Matt. 15:13; Rom. 11:22] he takes away, and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes, #[Matt. 13:12]that it may bear more fruit. 3Already #ch. 13:10 you are clean #ch. 17:17; [ver. 7; Eph. 5:26]because of the word that I have spoken to you. 4#ver. 5-7; 1 John 2:6; [Phil. 1:11; Col. 1:23]; See ch. 6:56 Abide #See ch. 3:15in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit by itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in me. 5I am the vine; #Rom. 6:5 you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that #ver. 16; Col. 1:6, 10bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing. 6If anyone does not abide in me #See ver. 2 he is thrown away like a branch and withers; #Matt. 13:40-42; [Ezek. 15:4]and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned. 7If #See ch. 8:31 you abide in me, and my words abide in you, #See ch. 14:13ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you. 8#Isa. 61:3; Matt. 5:16; 2 Cor. 9:13; Phil. 1:11 By this my Father is glorified, that you #ver. 5bear much fruit and so prove to be my disciples. 9#See ch. 5:20 As the Father has loved me, #See ch. 13:34so have I loved you. Abide in my love. 10#[ch. 14:15, 23] If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love, just as #ch. 8:55; 17:4; Phil. 2:8 I have kept #See ch. 10:18my Father’s commandments and abide in his love. 11These things I have spoken to you, #[2 Cor. 2:3] that my joy may be in you, and that #ch. 3:29; 16:24; 17:13; 1 John 1:4; 2 John 12your joy may be full.
12 # See ch. 13:34 “This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you. 13#Rom. 5:7, 8; Eph. 5:2 Greater love has no one than this, #See ch. 10:11that someone lay down his life for his friends. 14You are #Luke 12:4 my friends #[ver. 10; Matt. 12:50]if you do what I command you. 15#[ver. 20] No longer do I call you servants,#15:15 Or bondservants, or slaves (for the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface); likewise for servant later in this verse and in verse 20 for the servant #[ch. 13:7, 12] does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for #ch. 3:32; 8:26, 40; [ch. 16:13] all that I have heard from my Father #ch. 17:26; [Gen. 18:17; 1 Cor. 2:16; 13:9, 10]I have made known to you. 16You did not choose me, but #See ch. 13:18 I chose you and appointed you that you should go and #[2 John 8] bear fruit and that your fruit should abide, so that #[ver. 7]; See ch. 14:13whatever you ask the Father in my name, he may give it to you. 17These things I command you, #ver. 12so that you will love one another.
The Hatred of the World
18 # ch. 7:7; 1 John 3:13; [ver. 23, 24] “If the world hates you, know that it has hated me before it hated you. 19#[1 John 4:5] If you were of the world, the world would love you as its own; but because #ch. 17:14, 16; [Luke 6:26; Gal. 1:4; James 4:4]you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you. 20Remember the word that I said to you: #ch. 13:16; Matt. 10:24; [ver. 15] ‘A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted me, #ch. 16:33; 1 Cor. 4:12; 2 Cor. 4:9; 1 Thess. 2:15; 2 Tim. 3:12 they will also persecute you. #[Ezek. 3:7]; See ch. 8:51If they kept my word, they will also keep yours. 21But #ch. 16:3 all these things they will do to you #Matt. 10:22; 24:9; Rev. 2:3; [Acts 5:41; 1 Pet. 4:14, 16] on account of my name, #See Acts 3:17because they do not know him who sent me. 22If I had not come and spoken to them, #[Matt. 11:22, 24; Luke 12:47, 48]; See ch. 9:41they would not have been guilty of sin,#15:22 Greek they would not have sin; also verse 24 but now they have no excuse for their sin. 23#See ch. 5:23Whoever hates me hates my Father also. 24#ch. 3:2; 7:31; 9:32; Matt. 9:33; [ch. 10:32, 37] If I had not done among them the works that no one else did, #[See ver. 22 above] they would not be guilty of sin, but now they have #See ch. 14:9seen and hated both me and my Father. 25But #See ch. 10:34; 12:38 the word that is written in their Law must be fulfilled: #Cited from Ps. 35:19 or 69:4‘They hated me without a cause.’
26 “But # See ch. 14:16, 17, 26 when the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, #
1 Cor. 12:3; 1 John 5:7 he will bear witness about me. 27And #ch. 19:35; 21:24; 1 John 1:2; 4:14; [3 John 12]; See Luke 24:48 you also will bear witness, #See Acts 4:20 because you have been with me #[Luke 1:2; Acts 1:21, 22; 1 John 2:7]from the beginning.