Midian Oppresses Israel
1 # See ch. 2:19 The people of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord gave them into the hand of #Gen. 25:2; Num. 25:17, 18; Hab. 3:7Midian seven years. 2And the hand of Midian overpowered Israel, and because of Midian the people of Israel made for themselves the dens that are in the mountains and #1 Sam. 13:6; Heb. 11:38the caves and the strongholds. 3For whenever the Israelites planted crops, the Midianites and #ch. 3:13 the Amalekites and #ver. 33; ch. 7:12; 8:10; Gen. 29:1; 1 Kgs. 4:30; Job 1:3the people of the East would come up against them. 4They would encamp against them #[Lev. 26:16]; See Deut. 28:30-33, 51; Mic. 6:15and devour the produce of the land, as far as Gaza, and leave no sustenance in Israel and no sheep or ox or donkey. 5For they would come up with their livestock and their tents; they would come #ch. 7:12like locusts in number—both they and their camels could not be counted—so that they laid waste the land as they came in. 6And Israel was brought very low because of Midian. And the people of Israel #See ch. 3:9cried out for help to the Lord.
7When the people of Israel cried out to the Lord on account of the Midianites, 8the Lord sent a prophet to the people of Israel. And he said to them, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: #1 Sam. 10:18I led you up from Egypt and brought you out of the house of slavery. 9And I delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of all who oppressed you, and #Ps. 44:2, 3drove them out before you and gave you their land. 10And I said to you, ‘I am the Lord your God; #Josh. 24:15; See 2 Kgs. 17:35-38you shall not fear the gods of the Amorites in whose land you dwell.’ But you have not obeyed my voice.”
The Call of Gideon
11Now the angel of the Lord came and sat under the terebinth at Ophrah, which belonged to Joash #ch. 8:2; Josh. 17:2 the Abiezrite, while his son #Heb. 11:32Gideon was beating out wheat in the winepress to hide it from the Midianites. 12And #ch. 13:3; Luke 1:11; [Acts 10:3] the angel of the Lord appeared to him and said to him, #Josh. 1:5“The Lord is with you, O mighty man of valor.” 13And Gideon said to him, “Please, my lord, if the Lord is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are #Ps. 89:49; Isa. 63:15 all his wonderful deeds #Ps. 44:1that our fathers recounted to us, saying, ‘Did not the Lord bring us up from Egypt?’ But now the Lord has forsaken us and given us into the hand of Midian.” 14And the Lord#6:14 Septuagint the angel of the Lord; also verse 16 turned to him and said, “Go in this might of yours and save Israel from the hand of Midian; #1 Sam. 12:11; [Josh. 1:9]do not I send you?” 15And he said to him, #[Ex. 3:11] “Please, Lord, how can I save Israel? Behold, #1 Sam. 9:21; 18:18my clan is the weakest in Manasseh, and I am the least in my father’s house.” 16And the Lord said to him, #Ex. 3:12; Josh. 1:5“But I will be with you, and you shall strike the Midianites as one man.” 17And he said to him, #Ex. 33:13 “If now I have found favor in your eyes, then #2 Kgs. 20:8, 9; Isa. 7:11; [ver. 36, 37]; See Ex. 4:1-8show me a sign that it is you who speak with me. 18Please #ch. 13:15; Gen. 18:3-5do not depart from here until I come to you and bring out my present and set it before you.” And he said, “I will stay till you return.”
19So Gideon went into his house #Gen. 18:6-8and prepared a young goat and unleavened cakes from an ephah#6:19 An ephah was about 3/5 bushel or 22 liters of flour. The meat he put in a basket, and the broth he put in a pot, and brought them to him under the terebinth and presented them. 20And the angel of God said to him, “Take the meat and the unleavened cakes, and put them #ch. 13:19 on this rock, and #[1 Kgs. 18:33, 34]pour the broth over them.” And he did so. 21Then the angel of the Lord reached out the tip of the staff that was in his hand and touched the meat and the unleavened cakes. #Lev. 9:24; 1 Kgs. 18:38; 2 Chr. 7:1And fire sprang up from the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened cakes. And the angel of the Lord vanished from his sight. 22Then Gideon perceived that he was the angel of the Lord. And Gideon said, #ch. 13:21, 22; [Gen. 32:30; Ex. 33:20; Deut. 5:26]“Alas, O Lord God! For now I have seen the angel of the Lord face to face.” 23But the Lord said to him, #Dan. 10:19“Peace be to you. Do not fear; you shall not die.” 24Then Gideon built an altar there to the Lord and called it, #[Gen. 22:14; Ex. 17:15; Ezek. 48:35] The Lord Is Peace. To this day it still stands at #ver. 11; ch. 8:27, 32Ophrah, which belongs to the Abiezrites.
25That night the Lord said to him, “Take your father’s bull, and the second bull seven years old, and pull down the altar of Baal that your father has, and cut down #ch. 3:7the Asherah that is beside it 26and build an altar to the Lord your God on the top of the #Dan. 11:7, 10, 31 (Heb.)stronghold here, with stones laid in due order. Then take the second bull and offer it as a burnt offering with the wood of the Asherah that you shall cut down.” 27So Gideon took ten men of his servants and did as the Lord had told him. But because he was too afraid of his family and the men of the town to do it by day, he did it by night.
Gideon Destroys the Altar of Baal
28When the men of the town rose early in the morning, behold, the altar of Baal was broken down, and the Asherah beside it was cut down, and the second bull was offered on the altar that had been built. 29And they said to one another, “Who has done this thing?” And after they had searched and inquired, they said, “Gideon the son of Joash has done this thing.” 30Then the men of the town said to Joash, “Bring out your son, that he may die, for he has broken down the altar of Baal and cut down the Asherah beside it.” 31But Joash said to all who stood against him, “Will you contend for Baal? Or will you save him? Whoever contends for him shall be put to death by morning. If he is a god, let him contend for himself, because his altar has been broken down.” 32Therefore on that day Gideon#6:32 Hebrew he was called #ch. 7:1; 1 Sam. 12:11; [2 Sam. 11:21]Jerubbaal, that is to say, “Let Baal contend against him,” because he broke down his altar.
33Now #ver. 3 all the Midianites and the Amalekites and the people of the East came together, and they crossed the Jordan and encamped in #Josh. 17:16the Valley of Jezreel. 34But #See ch. 3:10 the Spirit of the Lord clothed Gideon, #ch. 3:27and he sounded the trumpet, and the Abiezrites were called out to follow him. 35#ch. 7:24And he sent messengers throughout all Manasseh, and they too were called out to follow him. #ch. 7:24And he sent messengers to Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali, and they went up to meet them.
The Sign of the Fleece
36 # For ver. 36-40, see Ex. 4:1-7 Then Gideon said to God, “If you will save Israel by my hand, as you have said, 37behold, I am laying a fleece of wool on the threshing floor. If there is dew on the fleece alone, and it is dry on all the ground, then I shall know that you will save Israel by my hand, as you have said.” 38And it was so. When he rose early next morning and squeezed the fleece, he wrung enough dew from the fleece to fill a bowl with water. 39Then Gideon said to God, #Gen. 18:32“Let not your anger burn against me; let me speak just once more. Please let me test just once more with the fleece. Please let it be dry on the fleece only, and on all the ground let there be dew.” 40And God did so that night; and it was dry on the fleece only, and on all the ground there was dew.