Isaiah 45

Isaiah 45

Cyrus, God’s Instrument
1Thus says the Lord to #[ch. 44:28] his anointed, to Cyrus,
# [ch. 41:13] whose right hand I have grasped,
to subdue nations before him
and #Job 12:21; [ver. 5; ch. 22:21]to loose the belts of kings,
to open doors before him
that gates may not be closed:
2“I will go before you
and #ch. 40:4 level the exalted places,#45:2 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scroll, Septuagint level the mountains
# Ps. 107:16 I will break in pieces the doors of bronze
and cut through the bars of iron,
3 # [Jer. 50:37; 51:13] I will give you the treasures of darkness
and the hoards in secret places,
that you may know that it is I, the Lord,
the God of Israel, #ch. 43:1who call you by your name.
4For the sake of my servant Jacob,
and Israel my chosen,
# [See ver. 3 above] I call you by your name,
# [ch. 62:2] I name you, though you do not know me.
5 # See ch. 44:8 I am the Lord, and there is no other,
besides me there is no God;
# [Job 12:21; ch. 22:21] I equip you, though you do not know me,
6 # [ch. 37:20; Mal. 1:11] that people may know, from the rising of the sun
and from the west, that there is none besides me;
I am the Lord, and there is no other.
7I form light and create darkness;
I make well-being and #[ch. 41:23; Amos 3:6]create calamity;
I am the Lord, who does all these things.
8 # [Deut. 32:2] “Shower, O heavens, from above,
and #Ps. 85:11; [Hos. 10:12]let the clouds rain down righteousness;
let the earth open, that salvation and righteousness may bear fruit;
let the earth cause them both to sprout;
I the Lord have created it.
9 # [Eccles. 6:10]; See ch. 10:15 “Woe to him who strives with him who formed him,
a pot among earthen pots!
# ch. 64:8; Cited Rom. 9:20 Does the clay say to him who forms it, ‘What are you making?’
or ‘Your work has no handles’?
10Woe to him who says to a father, ‘What are you begetting?’
or to a woman, ‘With what are you in labor?’”
11Thus says #Ezek. 39:7 the Lord,
the Holy One of Israel, and the one who formed him:
# [ch. 41:23] “Ask me of things to come;
will you command me #[Jer. 31:9] concerning my children and #ch. 29:23; 64:8the work of my hands?#45:11 A slight emendation yields will you question me about my children, or command me concerning the work of my hands?
12 # Jer. 27:5 I made the earth
and created man on it;
it was my hands #ch. 42:5; 44:24 that stretched out the heavens,
and #Gen. 2:1I commanded all their host.
13 # ch. 41:2 I have stirred him up in righteousness,
# [ver. 2] and I will make all his ways level;
# See ch. 44:28 he shall build my city
# ch. 49:25; 51:14; 52:3 and set my exiles free,
not for price or reward,”
says the Lord of hosts.
The Lord, the Only Savior
14Thus says the Lord:
# [ch. 43:3] “The wealth of Egypt and the merchandise of Cush,
and the Sabeans, men of stature,
shall come over to you #ch. 14:2and be yours;
they shall follow you;
they shall come over in chains and bow down to you.
They will plead with you, saying:
‘Surely God is in you, and there is no other,
no god besides him.’”
15 # ch. 57:17 Truly, you are a God who hides himself,
O God of Israel, the Savior.
16 # See ch. 42:17 All of them are put to shame and confounded;
the makers of idols go in confusion together.
17But Israel is saved by the Lord
with everlasting salvation;
# ch. 54:4 you shall not be put to shame or confounded
to all eternity.
18 # ch. 42:5 For thus says the Lord,
who created the heavens
(he is God!),
who formed the earth and made it
(he established it;
he #[Gen. 1:2] did not create it empty,
# [Ps. 115:16] he formed it to be inhabited!):
“I am the Lord, and there is no other.
19 # ch. 48:16; [Deut. 30:11] I did not speak in secret,
in a land of darkness;
I did not say to the offspring of Jacob,
# Jer. 29:13, 14 ‘Seek me in vain.’#45:19 Hebrew in emptiness
I the Lord speak #ver. 23the truth;
I declare what is right.
20 # [ch. 41:1] “Assemble yourselves and come;
draw near together,
you survivors of the nations!
# [ch. 44:18, 19; 48:5-7] They have no knowledge
who #ch. 46:1, 7; Jer. 10:5 carry about their wooden idols,
# [ch. 44:17] and keep on praying to a god
that cannot save.
21 # [ch. 41:22, 26; 43:9] Declare and present your case;
let them take counsel together!
Who told this long ago?
Who declared it of old?
Was it not I, the Lord?
And there is no other god besides me,
a righteous God #[ch. 43:11]and a Savior;
there is none besides me.
22“Turn to me and be saved,
# ch. 11:12; 43:5, 6 all the ends of the earth!
For I am God, and there is no other.
23 # See Gen. 22:16 By myself I have sworn;
from my mouth has gone out in #ver. 19 righteousness
a word that shall not return:
# Cited Rom. 14:11; [Phil. 2:10] ‘To me every knee shall bow,
every tongue shall swear allegiance.’#45:23 Septuagint every tongue shall confess to God
24 # [ch. 26:4; 44:8] “Only in the Lord, it shall be said of me,
are righteousness and #[ch. 26:4; 44:8] strength;
to him shall come and be ashamed
# [ch. 41:11] all who were incensed against him.
25In the Lord all the offspring of Israel
shall be justified and shall glory.”

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