Consecration of the Firstborn
1The Lord said to Moses, 2#ver. 12, 13, 15; ch. 22:29, 30; 34:19; Lev. 27:26; Num. 3:13; 8:16, 17; 18:15; Deut. 15:19; Cited Luke 2:23“Consecrate to me all the firstborn. Whatever is the first to open the womb among the people of Israel, both of man and of beast, is mine.”
The Feast of Unleavened Bread
3Then Moses said to the people, #ch. 12:42; Deut. 16:3 “Remember this day in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of slavery, #ch. 3:19; 6:1 for by a strong hand the Lord brought you out from this place. #See ch. 12:8No leavened bread shall be eaten. 4Today, in the month of #ch. 23:15; 34:18; Deut. 16:1Abib, you are going out. 5And when the Lord brings you into #ch. 3:8; 23:23; 33:2; 34:11; Josh. 12:8; 24:11 the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which #ch. 6:8 he swore to your fathers to give you, a land #See ch. 3:8 flowing with milk and honey, #ch. 12:25, 26you shall keep this service in this month. 6#ch. 12:15, 16Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a feast to the Lord. 7Unleavened bread shall be eaten for seven days; no leavened bread shall be seen with you, and no leaven shall be seen with you in all your territory. 8#See ch. 12:26You shall tell your son on that day, ‘It is because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 9And it shall #Deut. 6:8; 11:18; [Num. 15:39; Matt. 23:5] be to you as a sign on your hand and as #ch. 12:14, 24a memorial #Deut. 6:8; 11:18; [Num. 15:39; Matt. 23:5] between your eyes, that the law of the Lord may be in your mouth. For with a strong hand the Lord has brought you out of Egypt. 10#[ch. 12:14, 17, 24, 43]You shall therefore keep this statute at its appointed time from year to year.
11“When the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanites, #ver. 5as he swore to you and your fathers, and shall give it to you, 12#ver. 2you shall set apart to the Lord all that first opens the womb. All the firstborn of your animals that are males shall be the Lord’s. 13#ch. 34:20 Every firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb, or if you will not redeem it you shall break its neck. Every #Num. 3:46, 47; 18:15, 16firstborn of man among your sons you shall redeem. 14#See ch. 12:26 And when in time to come your son asks you, ‘What does this mean?’ you shall say to him, #ver. 3, 16 ‘By a strong hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt, from the house of #ver. 3slavery. 15For when Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the #ch. 12:29 Lord killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of animals. Therefore I sacrifice to the Lord all the males that first open the womb, but #ver. 13all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’ 16#ver. 9 It shall be as a mark on your hand or frontlets between your eyes, for #ver. 14by a strong hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.”
Pillars of Cloud and Fire
17When Pharaoh let the people go, God did #[Ps. 107:7] not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near. For God said, “Lest the people #ch. 14:11, 12; [Neh. 9:17]; See Num. 14:1-4change their minds when they see war and return to Egypt.” 18But God #ch. 14:2; [Deut. 32:10]; See Num. 33:6-49led the people around by the way of the wilderness toward the Red Sea. And the people of Israel went up out of the land of Egypt equipped for battle. 19Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for Joseph#13:19 Samaritan, Septuagint; Hebrew he had made the sons of Israel solemnly swear, saying, #Gen. 50:25; Josh. 24:32; Heb. 11:22; [Acts 7:16]“God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones with you from here.” 20And #ch. 12:37; Num. 33:6they moved on from Succoth and encamped at Etham, on the edge of the wilderness. 21And #ch. 14:19, 24; 40:38; Num. 10:34; 14:14; Deut. 1:33; Neh. 9:12, 19; Ps. 78:14; 99:7; 105:39; 1 Cor. 10:1; [Isa. 4:5]; See Num. 9:15-23the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them along the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night. 22The pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night did not depart from before the people.