1Now the angel of the Lord went up from Gilgal to #ver. 5 Bochim. And he said, “I brought you up from Egypt and brought you into the land that I swore to give to your fathers. I said, #Gen. 17:7; Ex. 6:4; Deut. 31:16‘I will never break my covenant with you, 2#Deut. 7:2 and you shall make no covenant with the inhabitants of this land; #Deut. 12:3you shall break down their altars.’ But you have not obeyed my voice. What is this you have done? 3So now I say, #ver. 21 I will not drive them out before you, but they shall become #Num. 33:55; Josh. 23:13thorns in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare to you.” 4As soon as the angel of the Lord spoke these words to all the people of Israel, the people lifted up their voices and wept. 5And they called the name of that place Bochim.#2:5 Bochim means weepers And they sacrificed there to the Lord.
The Death of Joshua
6When Joshua dismissed the people, the people of Israel went each to his inheritance to take possession of the land. 7#For ver. 7-9, see Josh. 24:29-31And the people served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders who outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great work that the Lord had done for Israel. 8And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the Lord, died at the age of 110 years. 9And they buried him within the boundaries of #Josh. 19:50 his inheritance in Timnath-heres, #Josh. 24:33in the hill country of Ephraim, north of the mountain of Gaash. 10And all that generation also were gathered to their fathers. And there arose another generation after them who did not know the Lord or the work that he had done for Israel.
11 # ch. 3:7; 4:1; 6:1; 10:6; 13:1 And the people of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the Lord and served the Baals. 12#Deut. 31:16 And they abandoned the Lord, the God of their fathers, who had brought them out of the land of Egypt. #[Deut. 6:14] They went after other gods, from among the gods of the peoples who were around them, and #ver. 17, 19; [Ex. 20:5] bowed down to them. #Deut. 31:29And they provoked the Lord to anger. 13They abandoned the Lord #ch. 3:7; 10:6; Ps. 106:36; [1 Sam. 7:4]and served the Baals and the Ashtaroth. 14#ver. 20 So the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he #2 Kgs. 17:20 gave them over to plunderers, who plundered them. #ch. 3:8; 4:2; [Deut. 32:30; 1 Sam. 12:9] And he sold them into the hand of their surrounding enemies, #Lev. 26:37; Josh. 7:12, 13so that they could no longer withstand their enemies. 15Whenever they marched out, the hand of the Lord was against them for harm, as the Lord had warned, #See Lev. 26:14-46; Deut. 28:15-68and as the Lord had sworn to them. And they were in terrible distress.
The Lord Raises Up Judges
16 # ch. 3:9, 15; 1 Sam. 12:11; Acts 13:20 Then the Lord raised up judges, #ch. 3:31; 10:1, 12, 13; 12:2, 3; 13:5; [ch. 3:9; Neh. 9:27]who saved them out of the hand of those who plundered them. 17Yet they did not listen to their judges, for #ch. 8:33; Ex. 34:15 they whored after other gods and bowed down to them. #Deut. 9:12They soon turned aside from the way in which their fathers had walked, who had obeyed the commandments of the Lord, and they did not do so. 18Whenever the Lord raised up judges for them, #[Josh. 1:5] the Lord was with the judge, and he saved them from the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge. #Gen. 6:6; Deut. 32:36; Ps. 106:45; Jer. 18:8; 26:3; [Num. 23:19] For the Lord was moved to pity by #Ex. 2:24; 6:5their groaning because of those who afflicted and oppressed them. 19But #[ch. 3:12; 4:1; 6:1; 8:33]whenever the judge died, they turned back and were more corrupt than their fathers, going after other gods, serving them and bowing down to them. They did not drop any of their practices or their stubborn ways. 20#ver. 14 So the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he said, “Because this people #Deut. 17:2; Josh. 23:16have transgressed my covenant that I commanded their fathers and have not obeyed my voice, 21#ver. 3; Josh. 23:13I will no longer drive out before them any of the nations that Joshua left when he died, 22in order #ch. 3:1, 4; Ex. 15:25; [Deut. 8:2, 16; 13:3]to test Israel by them, whether they will take care to walk in the way of the Lord as their fathers did, or not.” 23So the Lord left those nations, not driving them out quickly, and he did not give them into the hand of Joshua.