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Exodus 20

The Ten Commandments
1 # For ver. 1-17, see Deut. 5:6-21 And #Deut. 5:22God spoke all these words, saying,
2 # Lev. 26:13; Ps. 81:10; Hos. 13:4 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
3 # 2 Kgs. 17:35; Jer. 25:6; 35:15 “You shall have no other gods before#20:3 Or besides me.
4 # Lev. 26:1; Deut. 27:15; Ps. 97:7; [Acts 17:29] “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. 5#ch. 23:24; Josh. 23:7 You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lord your God am #ch. 34:14; Deut. 4:24; 6:15; Josh. 24:19; Nah. 1:2 a jealous God, #ch. 34:7; Num. 14:18; [Ps. 79:8; 109:14; Isa. 65:6, 7; Jer. 32:18]visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, 6but showing steadfast love to thousands#20:6 Or to the thousandth generation of those who love me and keep my commandments.
7 # Lev. 19:12; [Matt. 5:34, 35; James 5:12] “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.
8 # Lev. 19:3, 30; 26:2; See ch. 31:13-17 “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9#ch. 23:12; 34:21; 35:2; Lev. 23:3; Luke 13:14Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, 10but the #ch. 16:26; 31:15; Gen. 2:2, 3; Ezek. 20:12; See Num. 15:32-36 seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the #See Neh. 13:16-19sojourner who is within your gates. 11For #See Gen. 1:1–2:3in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
12 # Lev. 19:3; Cited Matt. 15:4; 19:19; Mark 7:10; 10:19; Luke 18:20; Eph. 6:2; [Jer. 35:18, 19] “Honor your father and your mother, #Eph. 6:3that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.
13 # Cited Matt. 5:21; 19:18; Rom. 13:9; [Gen. 9:5, 6; 1 John 3:15] “You shall not murder.#20:13 The Hebrew word also covers causing human death through carelessness or negligence
14 # Lev. 18:20; Deut. 22:22; Prov. 6:32; 1 Cor. 6:9; Heb. 13:4; Cited Matt. 5:27; Rom. 13:9 “You shall not commit adultery.
15 # Lev. 19:11; Eph. 4:28; Cited Matt. 19:18; Rom. 13:9 “You shall not steal.
16 # ch. 23:1; Prov. 19:5, 9; 21:28; 24:28; 25:18; Cited Matt. 19:18; See Deut. 19:16-20 “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
17 # Luke 12:15; Eph. 5:3, 5; Cited Rom. 7:7; 13:9; [Col. 3:5; Heb. 13:5] “You shall not covet #Mic. 2:2 your neighbor’s house; #Jer. 5:8; Matt. 5:28you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s.”
18Now when all the people saw #Heb. 12:18the thunder and the flashes of lightning and the sound of the trumpet and the mountain smoking, the people were afraid#20:18 Samaritan, Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate; Masoretic Text the people saw and trembled, and they stood far off 19and said to Moses, #Deut. 5:25, 27; 18:16; Gal. 3:19, 20; Heb. 12:19“You speak to us, and we will listen; but do not let God speak to us, lest we die.” 20#[1 Sam. 12:20] Moses said to the people, “Do not fear, for God has come to #[Gen. 22:1]; Deut. 13:3test you, that the fear of him may be before you, that you may not sin.” 21The people stood far off, while Moses drew near to the #Deut. 4:11; 2 Sam. 22:10; 1 Kgs. 8:12; Ps. 18:9; 97:2thick darkness where God was.
Laws About Altars
22And the Lord said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the people of Israel: ‘You have seen for yourselves that I have #Deut. 4:36; Neh. 9:13; Heb. 12:25talked with you from heaven. 23#[ch. 32:31; 2 Kgs. 17:33; Ezek. 20:39; Zeph. 1:5]You shall not make gods of silver to be with me, nor shall you make for yourselves gods of gold. 24An altar of earth you shall make for me and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, your sheep and your oxen. #Deut. 12:5, 11; 14:23; 16:6, 11; 26:2; 1 Kgs. 8:29; 9:3; 2 Chr. 6:6; 7:16; 12:13; Ezra 6:12; Neh. 1:9; Ps. 74:7; Jer. 7:10, 12 In every place where I cause my name to be remembered I will come to you and #Deut. 7:13bless you. 25#Deut. 27:5; Josh. 8:31 If you make me an altar of stone, #[1 Kgs. 5:17; 1 Chr. 22:2]you shall not build it of hewn stones, for if you wield your tool on it you profane it. 26And you shall not go up by steps to my altar, that your nakedness be not exposed on it.’

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Exodus 20: ESV





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