2 Chr. 36:6; Jer. 25:1, 9; Dan. 1:1 In his days, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant for three years. Then he turned and rebelled against him. 2And the Lord sent against him bands of the #ch. 25:4; Jer. 32:28, 29; 35:11; [Ezek. 19:8] Chaldeans and #Jer. 35:11 bands of the Syrians and bands of the Moabites and bands of the Ammonites, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, #ch. 20:17; 21:12-14; 23:27according to the word of the Lord that he spoke by his servants the prophets. 3Surely this came upon Judah at the command of the Lord, to remove them out of his sight, #ch. 21:11; 23:26for the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he had done, 4and also #ch. 21:16for the innocent blood that he had shed. For he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood, and the Lord would not pardon. 5#2 Chr. 36:8Now the rest of the deeds of Jehoiakim and all that he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? 6So Jehoiakim #[2 Chr. 36:6; Jer. 22:18, 19; 36:30]slept with his fathers, and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his place. 7#Jer. 37:5-7 And the king of Egypt did not come again out of his land, #[Jer. 46:2, 20, 24, 26] for the king of Babylon had taken all that belonged to the king of Egypt #See Num. 34:5from the Brook of Egypt to the river Euphrates.
Jehoiachin Reigns in Judah
8 # [1 Chr. 3:16; Esth. 2:6; Jer. 22:24, 28; 24:1; 37:1] Jehoiachin was #[2 Chr. 36:9]eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem. 9And he did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, #ch. 23:37according to all that his father had done.
10At that time the servants of #Dan. 1:1Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up to Jerusalem, and the city was besieged. 11And #[See ver. 10 above]Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to the city while his servants were besieging it, 12#[Jer. 24:1; 29:1, 2; Ezek. 17:12] and Jehoiachin the king of Judah gave himself up to the king of Babylon, himself and his mother and his servants and his officials and his palace officials. #[2 Chr. 36:10] The king of Babylon took him prisoner #[ch. 25:27]in the eighth year of his reign 13and carried off all the treasures of the house of the Lord #ch. 20:17; Isa. 39:6 and the treasures of the king’s house, #2 Chr. 36:7; Ezra 1:7; Dan. 1:2; 5:2, 3 and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold in the temple of the Lord, #See 1 Kgs. 7:48-50 which Solomon king of Israel had made, #Jer. 20:5as the Lord had foretold. 14#Jer. 24:1 He carried away all Jerusalem and all the officials and all the mighty men of valor, #[ver. 16; Jer. 52:28] 10,000 captives, #Jer. 24:1; 29:2; [1 Sam. 13:19, 22] and all the craftsmen and the smiths. None remained, #ch. 25:12except the poorest people of the land. 15#2 Chr. 36:10; Esth. 2:6; [Jer. 22:24-26]And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon. The king’s mother, the king’s wives, his officials, and the chief men of the land he took into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon. 16And the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon all the men of valor, #[ver. 14]7,000, and the craftsmen and the metal workers, 1,000, all of them strong and fit for war. 17#For ver. 17-20, see 2 Chr. 36:10-13 And the king of Babylon #[Jer. 37:1] made Mattaniah, #[1 Chr. 3:15] Jehoiachin’s uncle, king in his place, #[ch. 23:34; 2 Chr. 36:4]and changed his name to Zedekiah.
Zedekiah Reigns in Judah
18 # For ch. 24:18–25:21, see Jer. 52:1-27 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was #ch. 23:31Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. 19And he did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, #ch. 23:37according to all that Jehoiakim had done. 20For because of the anger of the Lord it came to the point in Jerusalem and Judah that he cast them out from his presence.
# [Ezek. 17:18] And Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.