1And the men of Kiriath-jearim came and took up the ark of the Lord and brought it to the house of #2 Sam. 6:3Abinadab on the hill. And they consecrated his son Eleazar to have charge of the ark of the Lord. 2From the day that the ark was lodged at Kiriath-jearim, a long time passed, some twenty years, and all the house of Israel lamented after the Lord.
Samuel Judges Israel
3And Samuel said to all the house of Israel, #1 Kgs. 8:48; Isa. 55:7; Hos. 6:1; Joel 2:12; See Deut. 30:2-10 “If you are returning to the Lord with all your heart, then #Gen. 35:2; Josh. 24:14, 23; [Judg. 10:16] put away the foreign gods and the #Judg. 2:13 Ashtaroth from among you and #[2 Chr. 19:3; 30:19; Ezra 7:10] direct your heart to the Lord #Deut. 6:13; 10:20; 13:4; Cited Matt. 4:10; Luke 4:8and serve him only, and he will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines.” 4So the people of Israel put away the Baals and the Ashtaroth, and they served the Lord only.
5Then Samuel said, “Gather all Israel at #[Judg. 20:1]Mizpah, and I will pray to the Lord for you.” 6So they gathered at #[See ver. 5 above] Mizpah #[2 Sam. 14:14] and drew water and poured it out before the Lord #ch. 31:13; Neh. 9:1 and fasted on that day and said there, #Judg. 10:10“We have sinned against the Lord.” And Samuel judged the people of Israel at Mizpah. 7Now when the Philistines heard that the people of Israel had gathered at Mizpah, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel. And when the people of Israel heard of it, they were afraid of the Philistines. 8And the people of Israel said to Samuel, “Do not cease to cry out to the Lord our God for us, that he may save us from the hand of the Philistines.” 9So Samuel took a nursing lamb and offered it as a whole burnt offering to the Lord. And #Ps. 99:6; Jer. 15:1Samuel cried out to the Lord for Israel, and the Lord answered him. 10As Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to attack Israel. #ch. 2:10; [2 Sam. 22:14, 15; Ps. 18:13]But the Lord thundered with a mighty sound that day against the Philistines and threw them into confusion, and they were defeated before Israel. 11And the men of Israel went out from Mizpah and pursued the Philistines and struck them, as far as below Beth-car.
12Then Samuel #Gen. 28:18; 31:45; 35:14; Josh. 4:9; 24:26took a stone and set it up between Mizpah and Shen#7:12 Hebrew; Septuagint, Syriac Jeshanah and called its name Ebenezer;#7:12 Ebenezer means stone of help for he said, “Till now the Lord has helped us.” 13#[Judg. 13:1]So the Philistines were subdued and did not again enter the territory of Israel. And the hand of the Lord was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel. 14The cities that the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to Israel, from Ekron to Gath, and Israel delivered their territory from the hand of the Philistines. There was peace also between Israel and the Amorites.
15 # ver. 6; ch. 12:11; [Judg. 2:16] Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life. 16And he went on a circuit year by year to Bethel, Gilgal, and Mizpah. And he judged Israel in all these places. 17Then he would return to #ch. 1:19 Ramah, for his home was there, and there also he judged Israel. #[ch. 14:35; Judg. 21:4]And he built there an altar to the Lord.