1See #ch. 4:10; John 3:16 what kind of love the Father has given to us, that we should be called #John 1:12 children of God; and so we are. The reason why #[ch. 4:17] the world does not know us is that #John 16:3; 17:25it did not know him. 2Beloved, we are #[See ver. 1 above] God’s children #Rom. 8:15; Gal. 3:26; Eph. 1:5 now, and what we will be #[Rom. 8:18; 2 Cor. 4:17] has not yet appeared; but we know that #ch. 2:28 when he appears#3:2 Or when it appears #Rom. 8:29; 2 Cor. 3:18; 4:11; Phil. 3:21; 2 Pet. 1:4 we shall be like him, because #John 17:24; 1 Cor. 13:12; Rev. 22:4we shall see him as he is. 3And everyone who #Rom. 15:12 thus hopes in him #2 Cor. 7:1purifies himself as he is pure.
4Everyone who makes a practice of sinning also practices lawlessness; #[ch. 5:17; Rom. 4:15]sin is lawlessness. 5You know that #Heb. 9:26; See ch. 1:2 he appeared in order to #[Isa. 53:11, 12] take away sins, and #See 1 Pet. 2:22in him there is no sin. 6No one who abides in him keeps on sinning; #ch. 2:4; 4:8; 3 John 11no one who keeps on sinning has either seen him or known him. 7Little children, #ch. 2:26 let no one deceive you. #ch. 2:29Whoever practices righteousness is righteous, as he is righteous. 8#Matt. 13:38; John 8:44 Whoever makes a practice of sinning is of the devil, for the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was #Heb. 2:14; [Gen. 3:15; Luke 10:18; John 16:11]to destroy the works of the devil. 9#ch. 5:18No one born of God makes a practice of sinning, for God’s#3:9 Greek his seed abides in him; and he cannot keep on sinning, because he has been born of God. 10By this it is evident who are the children of God, and who are the children of the devil: whoever does not practice righteousness is not of God, #ch. 4:8 nor is the one who #ch. 4:20, 21does not love his brother.
Love One Another
11For #ch. 1:5; 2:24 this is the message that you have heard from the beginning, #See John 13:34that we should love one another. 12We should not be like #Gen. 4:4, 8; Heb. 11:4; Jude 11 Cain, who was of the evil one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? #Ps. 38:20; Prov. 29:10Because his own deeds were evil and his brother’s righteous. 13Do not be surprised, brothers,#3:13 Or brothers and sisters. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, the plural Greek word adelphoi (translated “brothers”) may refer either to brothers or to brothers and sisters; also verses 14, 16 #John 15:18; 17:14that the world hates you. 14We know that #John 5:24we have passed out of death into life, because we love the brothers. Whoever does not love abides in death. 15#Matt. 5:21, 22 Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that #Gal. 5:21; Rev. 21:8no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.
16By this we know love, that #See John 15:13 he laid down his life for us, and #[Phil. 2:17]we ought to lay down our lives for the brothers. 17But #James 2:15, 16 if anyone has the world’s goods and sees his brother in need, yet #Deut. 15:7 closes his heart against him, #[ch. 4:20]how does God’s love abide in him? 18Little children, let us not #Ezek. 33:31; Eph. 4:15 love in word or talk but in deed and #2 John 1; 3 John 1in truth.
19By this we shall know that we are of the truth and reassure our heart before him; 20for whenever our heart condemns us, God is greater than our heart, and he knows everything. 21Beloved, #[1 Cor. 4:4] if our heart does not condemn us, #ch. 5:14; [Job 11:15; 22:26; Rom. 14:22]we have confidence before God; 22and #See Matt. 7:7 whatever we ask we receive from him, because we keep his commandments and #John 8:29do what pleases him. 23And this is his commandment, #John 6:29; [Acts 18:8] that we believe in the name of his Son Jesus Christ and #ver. 11 love one another, #[ch. 2:8]just as he has commanded us. 24#[John 6:56; 14:20; 15:4, 5; 17:21] Whoever keeps his commandments abides in God,#3:24 Greek him and God#3:24 Greek he in him. And #ch. 4:13; Rom. 8:9by this we know that he abides in us, by the Spirit whom he has given us.