David in His Old Age
1Now King David was old and advanced in years. And although they covered him with clothes, he could not get warm. 2Therefore his servants said to him, “Let a young woman be sought for my lord the king, and let her wait on the king and be in his service. Let her lie in your arms,#1:2 Or in your bosom that my lord the king may be warm.” 3So they sought for a beautiful young woman throughout all the territory of Israel, and found Abishag the #Josh. 19:18Shunammite, and brought her to the king. 4The young woman was very beautiful, and she was of service to the king and attended to him, but the king knew her not.
Adonijah Sets Himself Up as King
5Now #2 Sam. 3:4 Adonijah the son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, “I will be king.” #2 Sam. 15:1And he prepared for himself chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him. 6His father had never at any time displeased him by asking, “Why have you done thus and so?” He was also a very handsome man, #2 Sam. 3:3, 4; 1 Chr. 3:2and he was born next after Absalom. 7He conferred with #2 Sam. 2:13, 18 Joab the son of Zeruiah and with #2 Sam. 20:25Abiathar the priest. And they followed Adonijah and helped him. 8But #[See ver. 7 above] Zadok the priest and #2 Sam. 8:18 Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and #2 Sam. 12:1 Nathan the prophet and #ch. 4:18 Shimei and Rei and #See 2 Sam. 23:8-39David’s mighty men were not with Adonijah.
9Adonijah sacrificed sheep, oxen, and fattened cattle by the Serpent’s Stone, which is beside #Josh. 15:7; 2 Sam. 17:17En-rogel, and he invited all his brothers, the king’s sons, and all the royal officials of Judah, 10but he did not invite Nathan the prophet or Benaiah or the mighty men or #2 Sam. 12:24Solomon his brother.
Nathan and Bathsheba Before David
11Then Nathan said to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, “Have you not heard that #[See ver. 5 above]Adonijah the son of Haggith has become king and David our lord does not know it? 12Now therefore come, let me give you advice, that you may save your own life and the life of your son Solomon. 13Go in at once to King David, and say to him, ‘Did you not, my lord the king, swear to your servant, saying, #ver. 30; [1 Chr. 22:9]“Solomon your son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne”? Why then is Adonijah king?’ 14Then while you are still speaking with the king, I also will come in after you and confirm#1:14 Or expand on your words.”
15So Bathsheba went to the king in his chamber (now the king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was attending to the king). 16Bathsheba bowed and paid homage to the king, and the king said, “What do you desire?” 17She said to him, “My lord, you swore to your servant by the Lord your God, saying, #[See ver. 13 above]‘Solomon your son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne.’ 18And now, behold, Adonijah is king, although you, my lord the king, do not know it. 19#ver. 9 He has sacrificed oxen, fattened cattle, and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the sons of the king, #[See ver. 7 above] Abiathar the priest, and Joab the commander of the army, but #[See ver. 10 above]Solomon your servant he has not invited. 20And now, my lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are on you, to tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. 21Otherwise it will come to pass, when my lord the king #ch. 2:10; 2 Sam. 7:12; [Deut. 31:16]sleeps with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be counted offenders.”
22While she was still speaking with the king, Nathan the prophet came in. 23And they told the king, “Here is Nathan the prophet.” And when he came in before the king, he bowed before the king, with his face to the ground. 24And Nathan said, “My lord the king, have you said, ‘Adonijah shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne’? 25For he has gone down this day and #[See ver. 19 above] has sacrificed oxen, fattened cattle, and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the king’s sons, the commanders#1:25 Hebrew; Septuagint Joab the commander of the army, and Abiathar the priest. And behold, they are eating and drinking before him, and saying, #See 1 Sam. 10:24‘Long live King Adonijah!’ 26#ver. 8, 10, 32But me, your servant, and Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and your servant Solomon he has not invited. 27Has this thing been brought about by my lord the king and you have not told your servants who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?”
Solomon Anointed King
28Then King David answered, “Call Bathsheba to me.” So she came into the king’s presence and stood before the king. 29And the king swore, saying, #See Ruth 3:13“As the Lord lives, who has redeemed my soul out of every adversity, 30#ver. 13, 17as I swore to you by the Lord, the God of Israel, saying, ‘Solomon your son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my place,’ even so will I do this day.” 31Then Bathsheba bowed with her face to the ground and paid homage to the king and said, #Neh. 2:3; Dan. 2:4; 3:9; 5:10; 6:6, 21“May my lord King David live forever!”
32King David said, “Call to me Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada.” So they came before the king. 33And the king said to them, “Take with you #2 Sam. 11:11; 20:6 the servants of your lord and have Solomon my son ride on my own mule, and bring him down to #2 Chr. 32:30; 33:14Gihon. 34And let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet there #See 1 Sam. 10:1 anoint him king over Israel. #2 Sam. 15:10; 2 Kgs. 9:13; 11:14 Then blow the trumpet and say, #[ver. 25]; See 1 Sam. 10:24‘Long live King Solomon!’ 35You shall then come up after him, and he shall come and sit on my throne, for he shall be king in my place. And I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and over Judah.” 36And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king, “Amen! May the Lord, the God of my lord the king, say so. 37#See 1 Sam. 20:13 As the Lord has been with my lord the king, even so may he be with Solomon, #ver. 47and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord King David.”
38So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, #See 2 Sam. 8:18and the Cherethites and the Pelethites went down and had Solomon ride on King David’s mule and brought him to Gihon. 39There Zadok the priest took the horn of #[Ps. 89:20]; See Ex. 30:23-32 oil from the tent and #1 Chr. 29:22 anointed Solomon. #[See ver. 34 above] Then they blew the trumpet, and all the people said, #[See ver. 34 above]“Long live King Solomon!” 40And all the people went up after him, playing on pipes, and rejoicing with great joy, so that the earth was split by their noise.
41Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they finished feasting. And when Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he said, “What does this uproar in the city mean?” 42While he was still speaking, behold, #2 Sam. 15:27, 36; 17:17 Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest came. And Adonijah said, “Come in, #2 Sam. 18:27for you are a worthy man and bring good news.” 43Jonathan answered Adonijah, “No, for our lord King David has made Solomon king, 44and the king has sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the #[See ver. 38 above]Cherethites and the Pelethites. And they had him ride on the king’s mule. 45And Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king at #[See ver. 33 above]Gihon, and they have gone up from there rejoicing, so that the city is in an uproar. This is the noise that you have heard. 46#1 Chr. 29:23Solomon sits on the royal throne. 47Moreover, the king’s servants came to congratulate our lord King David, saying, #ver. 37 ‘May your God make the name of Solomon more famous than yours, and make his throne greater than your throne.’ And the king #[Gen. 47:31]bowed himself on the bed. 48And the king also said, ‘Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, #ch. 3:6; [Ps. 132:11, 12]who has granted someone#1:48 Septuagint one of my offspring to sit on my throne this day, my own eyes seeing it.’”
49Then all the guests of Adonijah trembled and rose, and each went his own way. 50And Adonijah feared Solomon. So he arose and went #ch. 2:28 and took hold of #Ex. 27:2the horns of the altar. 51Then it was told Solomon, “Behold, Adonijah fears King Solomon, for behold, he has laid hold of the horns of the altar, saying, ‘Let King Solomon swear to me first that he will not put his servant to death with the sword.’” 52And Solomon said, “If he will show himself a worthy man, #See 1 Sam. 14:45not one of his hairs shall fall to the earth, but if wickedness is found in him, he shall die.” 53So King Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar. And he came and paid homage to King Solomon, and Solomon said to him, “Go to your house.”