PSALM 30#An individual thanksgiving in four parts: praise and thanks for deliverance and restoration (Ps 30:2–4); an invitation to others to join in (Ps 30:5–6); a flashback to the time before deliverance (Ps 30:7–11); a return to praise and thanks (Ps 30:12). Two sets of images recur: 1) going down, death, silence; 2) coming up, life, praising. God has delivered the psalmist from one state to the other.
Thanksgiving for Deliverance
1A psalm. A song for the dedication of the Temple.#For the dedication of the Temple: a later adaptation of the Psalm to celebrate the purification of the Temple in 164 B.C. during the Maccabean Revolt. Of David.
2I praise you, Lord, for you raised me up
and did not let my enemies rejoice over me.
3O Lord, my God,
I cried out to you for help and you healed#Healed: for God as healer, see also Ps 103:3; 107:20; Hos 6:1; 7:1; 11:3; 14:5. me.
4Lord, you brought my soul up from Sheol;
you let me live, from going down to the pit.#Sheol…pit: the shadowy underworld residence of the spirits of the dead, here a metaphor for near-death.#a. [30:4] Ps 28:1; Jon 2:7.
5Sing praise to the Lord, you faithful;
give thanks to his holy memory.
6For his anger lasts but a moment;
his favor a lifetime.
At dusk weeping comes for the night;
but at dawn there is rejoicing.
7Complacent,#Complacent: untroubled existence is often seen as a source of temptation to forget God, cf. Dt 8:10–18; Hos 13:6; Prv 30:9. I once said,
“I shall never be shaken.”
8Lord, you showed me favor,
established for me mountains of virtue.
But when you hid your face
I was struck with terror.#b. [30:8] Ps 104:29.
9To you, Lord, I cried out;
with the Lord I pleaded for mercy:
10#In the stillness of Sheol no one gives you praise; let me live and be among your worshipers, cf. Ps 6:6; 88:11–13; 115:17; Is 38:18.“What gain is there from my lifeblood,
from my going down to the grave?
Does dust give you thanks
or declare your faithfulness?
11Hear, O Lord, have mercy on me;
Lord, be my helper.”
12You changed my mourning into dancing;
you took off my sackcloth
and clothed me with gladness.#c. [30:12] Is 61:3; Jer 31:13.
13So that my glory may praise you
and not be silent.
O Lord, my God,
forever will I give you thanks.