Regulations for Celebrating Passover
Ex 12.1-13. During the first month of Israel's second year in the Sinai Desert,#9.1 first month … Sinai Desert: The book of Numbers begins in the second month of the second year (see 1.1), so 9.1-5 refers to a Passover celebration that had already taken place. the Lord had told Moses 2to say to the people, “Celebrate Passover 3in the evening of the fourteenth day of this month#9.3 this month: Abib (also called Nisan), the first month of the Hebrew calendar, from about mid-March to mid-April. and do it by following all the regulations.” 4-5Moses told the people what the Lord had said, and they celebrated Passover there in the desert in the evening of the fourteenth day of the first month.
6Some people in Israel's camp had touched a dead body and had become unfit to worship the Lord, and they could not celebrate Passover. But they asked Moses and Aaron, 7“Even though we have touched a dead body, why can't we celebrate Passover and offer sacrifices to the Lord at the same time as everyone else?”
8Moses said, “Wait here while I go into the sacred tent and find out what the Lord says about this.”
9The Lord then told Moses 10to say to the community of Israel:
If any of you or your descendants touch a dead body and become unfit to worship me, or if you are away on a long journey, you may still celebrate Passover. 11But it must be done in the second month,#9.11 second month: See the note at 1.1. in the evening of the fourteenth day. Eat the Passover lamb with thin bread and bitter herbs, 12#Ex 12.46; Jn 19.36. and don't leave any of it until morning or break any of the animal's bones. Be sure to follow these regulations.
13But if any of you are fit to worship me, and yet refuse to celebrate Passover when you are not away on a journey, you will no longer belong to my people. You will be punished because you did not offer sacrifices to me at the proper time.
14Anyone, including foreigners who live among you, can celebrate Passover, if they follow all the regulations.
The Cloud over the Sacred Tent
15-16As soon as the sacred tent was set up,#9.15,16 As soon as the sacred tent was set up: According to Exodus 40.17, this took place “on the first day of the first month of the second year” of the Israelites' stay in the desert. a thick cloud appeared and covered it. The cloud was there each day, and during the night, a fire could be seen in it. 17-19The Lord used this cloud to tell the Israelites when to move their camp and where to set it up again. As long as the cloud covered the tent, the Israelites did not break camp. But when the cloud moved, they followed it, and wherever it stopped, they camped and stayed there, 20-22whether it was only one night, a few days, a month, or even a year. As long as the cloud remained over the tent, the Israelites stayed where they were. But when the cloud moved, so did the Israelites. 23They obeyed the Lord's commands and went wherever he directed Moses.