The Israelites’ complaint
1The entire community raised their voice and the people wept that night. 2All the Israelites criticized Moses and Aaron. The entire community said to them, "If only we had died in the land of Egypt or if only we had died in this desert! 3Why is the LORD bringing us to this land to fall by the sword? Our wives and our children will be taken by force. Wouldn’t it be better for us to return to Egypt?" 4So they said to each other, "Let’s pick a leader and let’s go back to Egypt."
5Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before the assembled Israelite community. 6But Joshua, Nun’s son, and Caleb, Jephunneh’s son, from those who had explored the land, tore their clothes 7and said to the entire Israelite community, "The land we crossed through to explore is an exceptionally good land. 8If the LORD is pleased with us, he’ll bring us into this land and give it to us. It’s a land that’s full of milk and honey. 9Only don’t rebel against the LORD and don’t be afraid of the people of the land. They are our prey.#Or our bread Their defense has deserted them, but the LORD is with us. So don’t be afraid of them." 10But the entire community intended to stone them.
The Lord’s anger and Moses’ intercession
Then the LORD’s glory appeared in the meeting tent to all the Israelites. 11The LORD said to Moses, "How long will these people disrespect me? And how long will they doubt me after all the signs that I performed among them? 12I’ll strike them down with a plague and disown them. Then I’ll make you into a great nation, stronger than they."
13Moses said to the LORD, "The Egyptians will hear, for with your power you brought these people up from among them. 14They’ll tell the inhabitants of this land. They’ve heard that you, LORD, are with this people. You, LORD, appear to them face-to-face. Your cloud stands over them. You go before them in a column of cloud by day and in a column of lightning by night. 15If you kill these people, every last one of them, the nations who heard about you will say, 16‘The LORD wasn’t able to bring these people to the land that he solemnly promised to give them. So he slaughtered them in the desert.’ 17Now let my master’s power be as great as you declared when you said, 18‘The LORD is very patient and absolutely loyal, forgiving wrongs and disloyalty. Yet he doesn’t forgo all punishment, disciplining the grandchildren and great-grandchildren for their ancestors’ wrongs.’ 19Please forgive the wrongs of these people because of your absolute loyalty, just as you’ve forgiven these people from their time in Egypt until now."
20Then the LORD said, "I will forgive as you requested. 21But as I live and as the LORD’s glory fills the entire earth, 22none of the men who saw my glory and the signs I did in Egypt and in the desert, but tested me these ten times and haven’t listened to my voice, 23will see the land I promised to their ancestors. All who disrespected me won’t see it. 24But I’ll bring my servant Caleb into the land that he explored, and his descendants will possess it because he has a different spirit, and he has remained true to me. 25Since the Amalekites and the Canaanites live in the valley, tomorrow turn and march into the desert by the route of the Reed Sea."#Or Red Sea
The Israelites’ punishment
26The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron: 27How long will this wicked community complain against me? I’ve heard the Israelites’ dissent as they continue to complain against me. 28Say to them, "As I live," says the LORD, "just as I’ve heard you say, so I’ll do to you. 29Your dead bodies will fall in this desert. None of you who were enlisted and were registered from 20 years old and above, who complained against me, 30will enter the land in which I promised#Or raised my hand to settle you, with the exception of Caleb, Jephunneh’s son, and Joshua, Nun’s son. 31But your children, whom you said would be taken by force, I’ll bring them in and they will know the land that you rejected. 32Your bodies, however, will fall in this desert, 33and your children will be shepherds in the desert for forty years. They will suffer for your unfaithfulness, until the last of your bodies fall in the desert. 34For as many days as you explored the land, that is, forty days, just as many years you’ll bear your guilt, that is, forty years. This is how you will understand my frustration." 35I the LORD have spoken. I will do this to the entire wicked community who gathered against me. They will die in this desert. There they’ll meet their end.
36The men whom Moses sent out to explore the land had returned and caused the entire community to complain against him by starting a rumor about the land. 37These men died by a plague in the LORD’s presence on account of their false rumor. 38But Joshua, Nun’s son, and Caleb, Jephunneh’s son, survived from those men who went to explore the land.
39Moses spoke these words to all the Israelites, and the people mourned bitterly. 40They rose early in the morning and went up to the top of the mountain range, saying, "Let’s go up to the place the LORD told us to, for we have sinned."
41But Moses said, "Why do you disobey the LORD’s command? It won’t succeed. 42Don’t go up, for the LORD isn’t with you. Don’t be struck down before your enemies. 43The Amalekites and the Canaanites will be there in front of you and you will fall by the sword because you turned away from the LORD, and the LORD is no longer with you." 44Yet they recklessly#Heb uncertain ascended toward the top of the mountains, even though Moses and the LORD’s chest containing the covenant didn’t depart from the camp. 45Then the Amalekites and the Canaanites, who lived in those mountains, descended, struck them down, and beat them all the way to Hormah.