1And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz, the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin king of Syria, and Pekah, the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it.
2And when it was told to the house of David, Syria is confederate with Ephraim: then his heart was moved, and the heart of his people, as the trees of the forest are moved before the wind.
3And Jehovah said unto Isaiah: Go out now to meet Ahaz, thou and Shear-jeshub thy son, at the end of the aqueduct of the upper pool, at the causeway of the fuller’s field. 4And thou shalt say unto him: Take heed, and be still: fear not, neither let thy heart be faint, on account of these two tails of smoking firebrands; for the fierce wrath of Rezin, and Syria, and the son of Remaliah. 5Because Syria, Ephraim, and the son of Remaliah, have plotted mischief against thee, saying:
6Let us go up against Judah, and besiege it;
And let us divide it among ourselves:
And let us set up a king in the midst of it;
Even the son of Tabeal.
7Thus saith the Lord Jehovah:
It shall not stand, neither shall it come to pass.
8Although the head of Syria be Damascus,
And the head of Damascus, Rezin;
Yet within three score and five years,
Ephraim shall be broken, that he be no more a people:
9Yea, although the head of Ephraim be Samaria;
And the head of Samaria, Remaliah’s son.
If ye believe not in me, surely ye shall not be established.
10And Jehovah spoke yet again to Ahaz, saying:
11Ask for thee a sign from Jehovah thy God:
Ask it in the deep, or seek it in the height above.
12And Ahaz said: I will not ask, neither will I tempt Jehovah. And he said:
13Hear ye now, O house of David:
Is it a small thing for you to weary the patience of men,
That you should weary ray God also?
14Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign:
Behold, the Virgin shall conceive, and bear a son;
And she shall call his name Immanuel.
15Butter and honey shall he eat,
Until he shall have knowledge to refuse the evil, and to choose the good:
16For before the child shall have knowledge
To refuse the evil, and to choose the good;
The land, which causeth uneasiness unto thee
By reason of its two kings, shall be deserted.
17 But Jehovah shall bring upon thee,
And upon thy people, and upon thy father's house,
Days, such as have not come,
From the day that Ephraim departed from Judah;
Namely, the king of Assyria.
18And it shall come to pass in that day,
That Jehovah shall hiss for the fly
That is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt;
And for the bee that is in the land of Assyria.
19And they shall come, and they shall light all of
On the valleys of the deserts, and on the clefts of the rocks,
And on all the thorn-bushes, and upon all the meadows.
20In that day shall the Lord shave with a razor that is hired
From beyond the river; namely, with the king of Assyria,
The head, and the hair of the feet;
And the beard also it shall take away.
21And it shall come to pass in that day,
That a man shall keep one cow and two sheep;
22And it shall be,
From the plenty of milk which they shall give, he shall eat butter:
Yea, butter and honey shall every one eat
That is left in the midst of the land.
23And it shall come to pass in that day,
That every place, wherein there were a thousand vines
At a thousand pieces of silver,
Shall become the portion of briers and thorns.
24With arrows and with the bow shall men come thither;
For the whole land shall become briers and thorns.
25And upon all the hills, which were dressed with the mattock,
Will no one go, for fear of briers and thorns;
But they shall be for the sending forth of oxen, and for the treading of sheep.
Learn More About Isaiah 1830, 1842 (John Jones alias Ioan Tegid)
Translated by Rev John Jones (Ioan Tegid).Published at Oxford in 1830, second edition 1842.
War against Jerusalem
1Now it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin king of #The people of the kingdom of Aram were descended from Aram, the youngest son of Shem, the son of Noah (Gen 10:22, 23). The territory of the Arameans also included the areas later identified as Syria and Mesopotamia.Aram (Syria) and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up to Jerusalem to wage war against it, but they could not conquer it. 2When the house of David (Judah) was told, “Aram is allied with Ephraim (Israel),” the hearts of Ahaz and his people trembled as the trees of the forest tremble in the wind.
3Then the Lord said to Isaiah, “Go out to meet Ahaz [king of Judah], you and your son #A prophetic name meaning a remnant shall return.Shear-jashub, at the end of the aqueduct of the Upper Pool, on the highway to the #A field where freshly washed clothes were spread out to bleach and dry in the sun.Fuller’s Field; 4and say to him, ‘Take care and be calm, do not fear and be weak-hearted because of these two stumps of smoldering logs, on account of the fierce anger of [King] Rezin and Aram and of the son of Remaliah (Pekah, usurper of the throne of Israel). 5Because Aram, along with Ephraim (Israel) and the son of Remaliah, have planned evil against you (Judah), saying, 6“Let us go up against Judah and terrorize it; and let us breach its wall and tear it apart [each of us taking a portion] and set up the son of Tabeel over it as its [puppet] king,” 7for this is what the Lord God says, “It shall not stand nor shall it happen. 8For the head (capital) of Aram is Damascus and the head of Damascus is [King] Rezin (now within sixty-five years Ephraim will be broken to pieces and will no longer be a people). 9And the head (capital) of Ephraim is Samaria, and the head of Samaria is Remaliah’s son [King Pekah]. If you will not #The same Hebrew word is used both for believe and be established.believe [and trust in God and His message], be assured that you will not be established.” ’ ”
The Child Immanuel
10Then the Lord spoke again to [King] Ahaz, saying, 11“Ask a sign for yourself from the Lord your God [one that will convince you that God has spoken and will keep His word]; make your request as deep as Sheol or as high as heaven.” 12But Ahaz said, “#This was a misplaced sense of faithfulness on Ahaz’s part. It is wise not to ask God for a sign, unless He offers one as He did to Ahaz.I will not ask, nor will I test the Lord!” 13Then Isaiah said, “Hear then, O house of David! Is it too small a thing for you to try the patience of men, but will you try the patience of my God as well? 14Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Listen carefully, the #This prophecy of the virgin is declared in Matt 1:22, 23 to be fulfilled in the birth of Jesus. There has been a great deal of discussion over the Hebrew word found here for virgin (almah) and the word that Matthew uses (parthenos). The latter refers unambiguously to a virgin, while the former (almah) has been said to refer to a young woman, in contrast to the Hebrew word bethulah, which is the equivalent of the Gr parthenos. It has also been noted that the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew OT, has parthenos here for almah, and that Matt 1:23 is taken from the Septuagint. Some have wondered why the Septuagint translators used the more specific word parthenos. It is fair to say that this question is the result of oversimplifying the vocabulary and misinterpreting the distinctions. The Hebrew words almah and bethulah can actually refer to the same kind of woman; almah is a youthful woman of marriageable age, one who has not yet had her first child, while bethulah is one who has not been touched in an intimate way. Furthermore, in the present context it would be unthinkable to infer that the woman might have had sexual relations outside of marriage. So the well-known translation of “young woman” for almah, while technically not incorrect, can be viewed as too ambiguous for the Hebrew word and the context. Parthenos was an appropriate choice in the Greek. Another word, kore (for “girl”) could have been used, but it has a wider range of meaning than the Heb almah (Mark uses a related word, korasion, to translate Jesus’ Aramaic word talitha). It should also be acknowledged from a theological perspective that when Matthew cites the verse with parthenos, he thereby authenticates it as inspired.virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and she will call his name Immanuel (God with us). 15He will eat curds and honey when he knows enough to refuse evil and choose good. 16For before the child will know enough to refuse evil and choose good, the land (Canaan) whose two kings you dread will be deserted [both Ephraim and Aram].
Trials to Come for Judah
17The Lord will bring on you, on your people, and on your father’s house such days as have not come since the day that Ephraim (the ten northern tribes) separated from Judah—[He will call for] the king of Assyria.”
18In that day the Lord will whistle for the fly that is in the #Lit end.mouth of the rivers and canals of Egypt and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria. 19These [armies, like flies and bees] will all come and settle on the steep and rugged ravines and in the clefts of the rocks, and on all the thorn bushes and in all the watering places.
20In that day [when foreign armies swarm the land] the Lord will shave with a razor, hired from the regions beyond the Euphrates (that is, with the king of Assyria), [that razor will shave] the head and the hair of the legs; and it will also remove the beard [leaving Judah stripped, shamed and scorned].
21Now in that day [because of the poverty caused by the invaders] a man will keep alive only a young milk cow and two sheep; 22and because of the abundance of milk produced he will eat curds, for everyone that is left in the land will eat [only] curds and [wild] honey.
23And it will come to pass in that day, in every place where there used to be a thousand vines, worth a thousand silver shekels, there will be briars and thorns. 24People will come there [to hunt] with arrows and with bows because all the land will be briars and thorns. 25As for all the hills which used to be cultivated with the pick and the hoe, you will no longer go there for fear of briars and thorns; but they will become a place where oxen are pastured and where sheep tread.
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