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John 20

The Empty Tomb
1Very early Sunday morning, # 20:1 Or “On the first day of the week.” before sunrise, Mary Magdalene made her way to the tomb. And when she arrived she discovered that the stone that sealed the entrance to the tomb was moved away! 2So she went running as fast as she could to go tell Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus loved. # 20:2 This was obviously John the apostle, the author of this Gospel. She told them, “They’ve taken the Lord’s body from the tomb, and we don’t know where he is!”
3Then Peter and the other disciple jumped up and ran to the tomb to go see for themselves. 4They started out together, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. # 20:4 How did John outrun Peter to the tomb? Love will always “outrun” curiosity. Some are simply curious to know Jesus, but we must be those who are passionate to experience his love and power. 5He didn’t enter the tomb, but peeked in, and saw only the linen cloths lying there. 6Then Peter came behind him and went right into the tomb. He too noticed the linen cloths lying there, 7but the burial cloth that had been on Jesus’ head had been rolled up and placed separate from the other cloths.
8Then the other disciple who had reached the tomb first went in, and after one look, he believed! # 20:8 It was lovers of Jesus that were the first to realize the resurrection of Christ. What did John see that caused him to believe? Perhaps it was the linen burial cloths that had not been unwrapped, but simply were empty. And the cloth that had been wrapped around his head was rolled up and placed aside. Jesus left everything pertaining to the old creation in the tomb, signified by the linen cloths and handkerchief left behind. 9For until then they hadn’t understood the Scriptures that prophesied # 20:9 Some of these prophecies would include Pss. 2:6–8; 16:10; Isa. 53:10–12; Hos. 6:2; Jonah 1:17. that he was destined to rise from the dead. # 20:9 As translated from the Aramaic. 10Puzzled, Peter and the other disciple then left and went back to their homes.
11Mary arrived back at the tomb, broken and sobbing. She stooped to peer inside, and through her tears 12she saw two angels in dazzling white robes, sitting where Jesus’ body had been laid—one at the head and one at the feet! # 20:12 This becomes a picture of the two golden cherubim engraved on the mercy seat, peering down into the treasures of grace. The empty tomb has become our “mercy seat.”
13“Dear woman, why are you crying?” they asked.
Mary answered, “They have taken away my Lord, and I don’t know where they’ve laid him.”
14Then she turned around to leave, and there was Jesus standing in front of her, but she didn’t realize that it was him!
15He said to her, “Dear woman, why are you crying? Who are you looking for?”
Mary answered, thinking he was only the gardener, “Sir, if you have taken his body somewhere else, tell me, and I will go and . . .”
16“Mary,” Jesus interrupted her.
Turning to face him, she said, “Rabboni!” (Aramaic for “My teacher!”)
17Jesus cautioned her, “Mary, don’t cling to me, # 20:17 Jesus was telling Mary, “Don’t cling to me in the way you once knew me, now we are one. Cling to me in my ascension, in my glory.” We don’t cling to a memory of Christ, we cling to the majesty in his glory today. for I haven’t yet ascended to God, my Father. And he’s not only my Father and God, but now he’s your Father and your God! Now go to my brothers # 20:17 This is the first time in John’s Gospel that Jesus called his disciples “brothers.” See Heb. 2:10–12. and tell them what I’ve told you, that I am ascending to my Father—and your Father, to my God—and your God!”
18Then Mary Magdalene left to inform the disciples of her encounter with Jesus. “I have seen the Lord!” she told them. And she gave them his message.
Jesus Appears to His Disciples
19That evening, # 20:19 Or “That Sunday evening.” the disciples gathered together, and because they were afraid of reprisals from the Jewish leaders, they had locked the doors. But suddenly Jesus appeared among them and said, # 20:19 Or “came and stood among them.” “Peace to you!” # 20:19 This is the idiomatic equivalent of saying, “Hello, everyone!” 20Then he showed them the wounds of his hands and his side—they were overjoyed to see the Lord with their own eyes!
21Jesus repeated his greeting, “Peace to you!” And he told them, “Just as the Father has sent me, I’m now sending you.” 22Then, taking a deep breath, he blew # 20:22 The Greek word used here does not appear elsewhere in the New Testament; however, it is the same word found in the Septuagint for when God “breathed” into Adam’s nostrils the breath of life (Gen. 2:7). The beginning of new creation life came from the breath of Jesus. The mighty wind of Acts 2 was for power, the breath Jesus breathed into his disciples in this verse was for life. on them and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit. # 20:22 Or “accept the Sacred Breath.” 23I send you to preach the forgiveness # 20:23 Or “removal, acquittal.” of sins—and people’s sins will be forgiven. But if you don’t proclaim the forgiveness of their sins, they will remain guilty.” # 20:23 Or “If you forgive someone for their sins, their sins will be discharged, but if you retain their sins, their sins will be retained.” Jesus was not giving absolute authority to forgive the guilt of sins, for God alone has that right (Mark 2:7), and the apostles at no time assumed that authority. What he gave them, in the context of being his sent ones, was the authority to proclaim the gospel to the nations. If they refused to go and preach the good news, then people would have no opportunity to believe it. See Acts 10:43–44; 13:38.
Jesus Appears to Thomas
24One of the twelve wasn’t present when Jesus appeared to them—it was Thomas, whose nickname was “the Twin.” 25So the disciples informed him, “We have seen the Lord with our own eyes!”
Still unconvinced, Thomas replied, “There’s no way I’m going to believe this unless I personally see the wounds of the nails # 20:25 The Aramaic is “the blossom of the nails.” You can imagine a wide nail head that, when struck with a heavy mallet, “blossomed” over the sacred palm of our Lord Jesus. The wound of the nail had imprinted his entire palm. His wounds are like beautiful flowers to the lovers of God. in his hands, touch them with my finger, and put my hand into the wound of his side where he was pierced!”
26Then eight days later, Thomas and all the others were in the house together. And even though all the doors were locked, Jesus suddenly stood before them! “Peace to you,” he said.
27Then, looking into Thomas’ eyes, he said, “Put your finger here in the wounds of my hands. Here—put your hand into my wounded side and see for yourself. Thomas, don’t give in to your doubts any longer, just believe!”
28Then the words spilled out of his heart—“You are my Lord, and you are my God!”
29Jesus responded, “Thomas, now that you’ve seen me, you believe. But there are those who have never seen me with their eyes but have believed in me with their hearts, and they will be blessed even more!”
30Jesus went on to do many more miraculous signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not even included in this book. 31But all that is recorded here is so that you will fully believe # 20:31 Or “never stop believing.” that Jesus is the Anointed One, the Son of God, and that through your faith in him you will experience eternal life # 20:31 As translated from the Aramaic. by the power of his name!

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John 20: TPT





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