The Great Flood
1The day came when Yahweh said to Noah, # 7:1 How did God speak to Noah? Did he come in human form? Perhaps he appeared in a burning bush, or as an angel, or in a dream. God is able to speak in whatever way he chooses. We have a God who speaks to those whose ways are blameless. Noah moved with faith and acted on the revelation given to him. Do you respond when God speaks? “Come # 7:1 The implication is that God was in the ark waiting for Noah to enter and come to him. He has always gone before us and knows what we will face. This Hebrew word for “come” is used in contemporary Jewish weddings and songs—“come to me.” into the ark, you and your entire household, for I have found you to be the only one righteous in my eyes in this generation. # 7:1 This statement shows that the sons of Seth could not rightly be called the sons of God (see Gen. 6:2), for only Noah was righteous. God needed Noah. There had to be a righteous man who would save mankind. When God comes down, he comes looking for human vessels he can use to bring deliverance and salvation (see 1 Sam. 16:7; 2 Chron. 16:9). 2Take with you seven pairs of all the clean animals, # 7:2 Seven pairs of clean animals (ritually acceptable) were spared so that Noah could use them for sacrifices. See Lev. 11:1–12. both male and female, and one pair of all the unclean animals, both male and female. 3Take seven pairs of flying birds of all kinds, male and female, to make sure they survive on the earth. 4For in seven days I will send rain and flood the earth for forty days and forty nights. # 7:4 The number forty is a symbolic number in the Bible that represents testing and purification. See Ex. 16:35; Num. 14:34; Deut. 25:2–3; Jonah 3:4; Mark 1:13. Every living thing that I made I will wipe off the face of the earth.” # 7:4 In the days of Noah, the flood took away the wicked and left behind the righteous. See Matt. 24:37–41; Luke 17:27.
5Noah obeyed all that Yahweh had commanded him.
6Noah was six hundred years old when the great flood came on the earth. 7Noah and his wife and his sons and their wives boarded the ark to escape the flood. 8-9Two of each animal, the male and female, clean and unclean, large and small, along with birds and crawling things, entered the ark with Noah as God had commanded. 10Then seven days later, massive floodwaters covered the earth.
11It started in the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month on the seventeenth day. # 7:11 The exact date of the deluge is given, a miracle pointing to the divine inspiration of Scripture. God noted and had recorded the exact day the flood began. He gave us amazing details of these events as they happened. The flood began, according to the Jewish scribes, in the year 1656 from creation. On that day, all the fountains # 7:11 The Hebrew word mayanot, or “fountains,” here has the same root as mayan in Song. 4:15. As our inward lives sprout and bring forth fruit, it has the power of a subterranean fountain. of the subterranean deep cracked open and burst up through the ground. Heaven’s floodgates were opened, # 7:11 It is as though God returned the earth back to the chaos of ch. 1. He once separated the waters and raised up the dry ground; now he was covering the earth again with water and removing the separation that he spoke into existence (see Gen. 1:6–10). 12and heavy rains fell on the earth for forty days and forty nights. # 7:12 God, at creation, had fixed a “boundary” for the waters (Ps. 104:9), setting doors and bars in place that the waters could not pass (see Job 38:8–11). Now he simply removed those restraints, and the waters gushed forth and flooded the earth as they had done at first (see Gen. 1:9). The floodgates of the heavens were similarly opened up.
13On that very day, Noah and his wife, their sons, Ham, Shem, and Japheth, and their wives, entered safely into the ark. 14-15Pairs of every species of animal entered with them—wild animals, domesticated animals, large and small, and every species of bird and winged creatures—every animal that has the breath of life came into the ark with Noah. 16Both male and female went inside as God had commanded Noah; and Yahweh himself shut them in. # 7:16 Closing the door of the ark was a supernatural act of God. It was Elohim (“the Mighty One”) who commanded Noah to enter the ark, and Yahweh (the covenant-keeping God, the Friend of Sinners) who shut him in. The God of Israel is known by both names.
17For forty days, the flood engulfed the earth. The swelling floodwaters lifted up the ark until it rose high above the ground. 18The raging flood completely inundated the earth, but the ark floated safely, drifting upon the surface of the water, 19until the highest mountains were completely submerged beneath the rising waters. 20The waters rose over twenty-two feet # 7:20 Or “fifteen cubits [22.5 feet; 6.86 meters].” Waters covered the earth at a depth of three miles above sea level. All the mountains of the pride of man were covered up. Who measured all these things? Who knew the mountains were covered by fifteen cubits? It could not have been Noah or Moses, unless God showed them. The amazing details of the account of the flood all point to the divine inspiration of Scripture. above the highest mountains. # 7:20 This indicates a universal flood, not just a regional one. See Ps. 104:6; 2 Peter 3:5–7. 21Every living thing on the earth perished—domesticated animals, wild animals, birds, everything that moved on the earth, and all mankind perished. 22Everything perished—every animal on earth with the breath of life in its nostrils died. 23All life on earth was blotted out—all that he had made, animals large and small, wild and domesticated, birds and reptiles, including humanity, was wiped off the face of the earth. Only Noah was left behind, # 7:23 In the days of Noah, the wicked were taken away, swept off the earth by the flood. It was the righteous who were left behind to inherit the earth. See Matt. 24:37–41; Luke 17:27. and those who were in the ark with him. 24And the waters covered the earth for 150 days.
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Entering the Ark
1Then the Lord said to Noah, “Enter the ark, you and all your household, for I have seen that you alone are righteous before me in this generation.#Mt 24:38–39; Lk 17:26–27; Heb 11:7 2You are to take with you seven pairs, a male and its female, of all the clean animals,#Gn 8:20; Lv 11:1–31; Dt 14:3–20 and two of the animals that are not clean, a male and its female, 3and seven pairs, male and female, of the birds of the sky — in order to keep offspring alive throughout the earth. 4Seven days from now I will make it rain on the earth forty days and forty nights, and every living thing I have made I will wipe off the face of the earth.” 5And Noah did everything that the Lord commanded him.#Gn 6:22
6Noah was six hundred years old when the flood came and water covered the earth. 7So Noah, his sons, his wife, and his sons’ wives entered the ark because of the floodwaters. 8From the animals that are clean, and from the animals that are not clean, and from the birds and every creature that crawls on the ground, 9two of each, male and female, came to Noah and entered the ark, just as God had commanded him. 10Seven days later the floodwaters came on the earth.
11In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the sources of the vast watery depths burst open,#Gn 8:2; Pr 8:28; Am 9:6 the floodgates of the sky were opened,#2Kg 7:19; Ps 78:23; Is 24:18; Mal 3:10 12and the rain fell on the earth forty days and forty nights. 13On that same day Noah and his three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, entered the ark, along with Noah’s wife and his three sons’ wives. 14They entered it with all the wildlife according to their kinds, all livestock according to their kinds, all the creatures that crawl on the earth according to their kinds, every flying creature — all the birds and every winged creature — according to their kinds. 15Two of every creature that has the breath of life in it came to Noah and entered the ark. 16Those that entered, male and female of every creature, entered just as God had commanded him. Then the Lord shut him in.
17The flood continued for forty days on the earth; the water increased and lifted up the ark so that it rose above the earth. 18The water surged and increased greatly on the earth, and the ark floated on the surface of the water. 19Then the water surged even higher on the earth, and all the high mountains under the whole sky were covered. 20The mountains were covered as the water surged above them more than twenty feet.#7:20 Lit surged 15 cubits 21Every creature perished — those that crawl on the earth, birds, livestock, wildlife, and those that swarm on the earth, as well as all mankind. 22Everything with the breath of the spirit of life in its nostrils#Gn 2:7 — everything on dry land died. 23He wiped out every living thing that was on the face of the earth, from mankind to livestock, to creatures that crawl, to the birds of the sky, and they were wiped off the earth. Only Noah was left, and those that were with him in the ark.#1Pt 3:20; 2Pt 2:5 24And the water surged on the earth 150 days.
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