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Genesis 36

36
The Descendants of Esau
1Here are the descendants of Esau, also known as Edom:
2-3Esau chose three wives from among Canaanite women: Adah (daughter of Elon the Hittite), Oholibamah # 36:2–3 Oholibamah means “a [cultic] tent-shrine.” (daughter of Anah son of Zibeon the Hivite # 36:2–3 Or “Horite” (see vv. 20–21). ), and Basemath (Ishmael’s daughter, sister of Nebaioth).
4Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau; Basemath bore Reuel; 5and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These are the sons who were born to Esau in the land of Canaan.
6Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and his entire household, and the cattle, livestock, and possessions he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and migrated to the land of Seir # 36:6 As translated from the Syriac and explicitly stated in v. 8. The Hebrew is “to a land.” The Septuagint is “from the land of Canaan.” See Deut. 2:5; Josh. 24:4. some distance from his brother Jacob. 7Since the land where Jacob was living could not support their combined possessions and livestock, 8Esau (also known as Edom), settled in the hill country of Seir.
9This is the account of Esau, ancestor of the Edomites in the hill country of Seir:
10-13Esau’s wife Adah bore him one son Eliphaz, and Eliphaz had five sons: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Eliphaz also had a son with his concubine Timna, named Amelek.
Esau’s wife Basemath bore him one son Reuel, and Reuel had four sons: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.
14Esau’s wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon, bore Esau three sons: Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.
15-16These are the tribes # 36:15–16 Or “clans” or “chiefs,” a Hebrew word related to “thousand.” descended from Esau’s firstborn son Eliphaz whom Adah bore, and who lived in Edom: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Kenaz, Korah, Gatam, and Amalek.
17These are the tribes descended from Esau and Basemath’s son Reuel, who lived in Edom: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.
18These are the tribes descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah: Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. 19This concludes the list of the descendants of Esau (also known as Edom) and their respective tribes.
The Descendants of Seir
20-21These are the tribes descended from Seir the Horite, of the original inhabitants of Edom: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. All of these were the descendants of Seir.
22Lotan’s sons were Hori and Heman, and Lotan’s sister was Timna.
23Shobal’s sons were Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam.
24Zibeon’s sons were Aiah and Anah. This is the Anah who discovered the springs in the wilderness while he was grazing the donkeys of his father Zibeon.
25Anah’s son was Dishon, and Anah’s daughter was Oholibamah.
26Dishon’s sons were Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Keran.
27Ezer’s sons were Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.
28Dishan’s sons were Uz and Aran. 29-30This concludes the list of the Horite tribes in the land of Seir: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan.
The Kings of Edom
31Long before the Israelites had kings, there were eight kings who reigned in Edom, 32beginning with Bela # 36:32 Some etymologists link Bela to Balaam, whose father was Beor. Bela means “swallowing up” or “gluttony.” son of Beor # 36:32 Beor means “stupid,” “dull-hearted,” “unreceptive,” “cruel,” “inhuman,” or “barbarous.” from the city of Dinhabah. # 36:32 Dinhabah means “given over to judgment.” 33When Bela died, Jobab # 36:33 There is an ancient Jewish tradition that equates Jobab with the biblical figure of Job. son of Zerah from the city of Bozrah # 36:33 Bozrah is identified as modern Buseirah. See Isa. 63:1; Amos 1:12. succeeded.
34When Jobab died, Husham from the land of Teman succeeded him.
35When Husham died, Hadad from the city of Avith, who was the son of Bedad, succeeded him. Hadad defeated the Midianites in the land of Moab.
36When Hadad died, Samlah of Masrekah succeeded him.
37When Samlah died, Shaul of Rehoboth-on-the-River # 36:37 This river is possibly Wadi el-Hesa, which formed the boundary of Edom and Moab, or possibly the Euphrates. succeeded him.
38When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan son of Achbor succeeded him.
39When Baal-Hanan son of Achbor died, Hadar # 36:39 Or “Hadad.” from the city of Pau succeeded him. (His wife was Mehetabel the daughter of Matred, Me-Zahab’s granddaughter.)
40-42These are the tribes of Esau according to their clans and regions: Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, 43Magdiel, and Iram. This concludes the list of the Edomite tribes who settled and possessed land in different regions of their country. All the Edomites descended from Esau.

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