1So the heavens and the earth and everything in them were completed.#Neh 9:6; Ps 33:6; Is 34:4; 45:12 2On the seventh#2:2 Sam, LXX, Syr read sixth day God had completed his work that he had done, and he rested#2:2 Or ceased, also in v. 3 on the seventh day from all his work that he had done.#Ex 20:8–11; 31:17; Dt 5:12–14; Heb 4:4 3God blessed the seventh day and declared it holy, for on it he rested#Ex 31:17 from all his work of creation.#Ex 20:11; 31:17; Ps 121:2
Man and Woman in the Garden
4These are the records#Gn 5:1; 6:9; 10:1; 11:10,27; 25:12,19; 36:1,9; 37:2 of the heavens and the earth, concerning their creation. At the time#2:4 Lit creation on the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens, 5no shrub of the field#Gn 1:11–12 had yet grown on the land,#2:5 Or earth and no plant of the field had yet sprouted, for the Lord God had not made it rain on the land, and there was no man to work the ground. 6But mist would come up from the earth and water all the ground. 7Then the Lord God formed the man out of the dust from the ground#Gn 3:19,23; 18:27; Ps 103:14; Ec 12:7; 1Co 15:47 and breathed the breath of life into his nostrils,#Gn 7:22; Jb 33:4; Is 2:22 and the man became a living being.#1Co 15:45
8The Lord God planted a garden in Eden, in the east,#Gn 13:10; Is 51:3; Ezk 28:13; 31:8; Jl 2:3 and there he placed the man he had formed. 9The Lord God caused to grow out of the ground every tree pleasing in appearance and good for food, including the tree of life in the middle of the garden,#Gn 3:22; Rv 2:7; 22:2,14 as well as the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.#Pr 3:18
10A river went#2:10 Or goes out from Eden to water the garden. From there it divided and became the source of four rivers.#2:10 Lit became four heads 11The name of the first is Pishon, which flows through the entire land of Havilah,#2:11 Or of the Havilah#Gn 10:7,29; 25:18; 1Sm 15:7 where there is gold. 12Gold from that land is pure;#2:12 Lit good bdellium#2:12 A yellowish, transparent gum resin and onyx#2:12 Identity of this precious stone uncertain are also there. 13The name of the second river is Gihon, which flows through the entire land of Cush. 14The name of the third river is Tigris,#Dn 10:4 which runs east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.#Gn 15:18
15The Lord God took the man and placed him in the garden of Eden to work it and watch over it. 16And the Lord God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree of the garden,#Gn 3:1–2 17but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for on the day you eat from it, you will certainly die.”#Gn 3:5; Dt 30:15,19–20; Rm 6:23; 1Tm 5:6; Jms 1:15 18Then the Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper corresponding#Pr 31:11–12; 1Co 11:9; 1Tm 2:13 to him.” 19The Lord God formed out of the ground every wild animal and every bird of the sky, and brought each to the man to see what he would call it.#Ps 8:6 And whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name. 20The man gave names to all the livestock, to the birds of the sky, and to every wild animal; but for the man#2:20 Or for Adam no helper was found corresponding to him. 21So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to come over the man,#Gn 15:12 and he slept. God took one of his ribs and closed the flesh at that place. 22Then the Lord God made the rib he had taken from the man into a woman and brought her to the man.#1Co 11:8,12 23And the man said:
This one, at last, is bone of my bone
and flesh of my flesh;
this one will be called “woman,”
for she was taken from man.#Eph 5:28–30
24This is why a man leaves his father and mother and bonds with his wife, and they become one flesh.#Mal 2:15; Mt 19:5; Mk 10:7–8; 1Co 6:16; Eph 5:31 25Both the man and his wife were naked, yet felt no shame.
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The Seventh Day—Rest
1So the earth, the sky, and everything in them were finished. 2God finished the work he was doing, so on the seventh day he rested from his work. 3God blessed the seventh day and made it a holy day. He made it special because on that day he rested from all the work he did while creating the world.
The First Man and the Garden of Eden
4This is the story about the creation of the sky and the earth. This is what happened when the Lord God made the earth and the sky. 5This was before there were plants on the earth. Nothing was growing in the fields because the Lord God had not yet made it rain on the earth, and there was no one to care for the plants.
6So water#2:6 water Or “a mist.” came up from the earth and spread over the ground. 7Then the Lord God took dust from the ground and made a man.#2:7 man The Hebrew word means “man,” “people,” or the name “Adam.” It is like the word meaning “earth” or “red clay.” He breathed the breath of life into the man’s nose, and the man became a living thing. 8Then the Lord God planted a garden in the East,#2:8 East This usually means the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers as far east as the Persian Gulf. in a place named Eden. He put the man he made in that garden. 9Then the Lord God caused all the beautiful trees that were good for food to grow in the garden. In the middle of the garden, he put the tree of life and the tree that gives knowledge about good and evil.
10A river flowed from Eden and watered the garden. The river then separated and became four smaller rivers. 11The name of the first river was Pishon. This river flowed around the entire country of Havilah.#2:11 Havilah The land along the west coast of the Arabian peninsula and possibly, the part of Africa south of Ethiopia. 12(There is gold in that country, and that gold is pure. A kind of expensive perfume and onyx are also found there.) 13The name of the second river was Gihon. This river flowed around the whole land of Cush.#2:13 Cush Usually this means Ethiopia, but here, it probably refers to the area north and east of the Tigris River. 14The name of the third river was Tigris. This river flowed east of Assyria. The fourth river was the Euphrates.
15The Lord God put the man in the Garden of Eden to work the soil and take care of the garden. 16The Lord God gave him this command: “You may eat from any tree in the garden. 17But you must not eat from the tree that gives knowledge about good and evil. If you eat fruit from that tree, on that day you will certainly die!”
A Companion for Adam
18Then the Lord God said, “I see that it is not good for the man to be alone. I will make the companion he needs, one just right for him.”
19The Lord God used dust from the ground and made every animal in the fields and every bird in the air. He brought all these animals to the man, and the man gave them all a name. 20The man gave names to all the tame animals, to all the birds in the air, and to all the wild animals. He saw many animals and birds, but he could not find a companion that was right for him. 21So the Lord God caused the man to sleep very deeply. While he was asleep, God took one of the ribs from the man’s body. Then he closed the man’s skin where the rib had been. 22The Lord God used the rib from the man to make a woman. Then he brought the woman to the man. 23And the man said,
“Finally! One like me,
with bones from my bones
and a body from my body.
She was taken out of a man,
so I will call her ‘woman.’”
24That is why a man leaves his father and mother and is joined to his wife. In this way two people become one.
25The man and his wife were naked, but they were not ashamed.
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