Abram Rescues Lot
1In those days King Amraphel of Shinar,#Gn 10:10; 11:2 King Arioch of Ellasar, King Chedorlaomer of Elam,#Gn 10:22; Is 11:11; Dn 8:2 and King Tidal of Goiim#14:1 Or nations 2waged war against King Bera of Sodom, King Birsha of Gomorrah, King Shinab of Admah, and King Shemeber of Zeboiim,#Hs 11:8 as well as the king of Bela (that is, Zoar#Gn 19:22–23). 3All of these came as allies to the Siddim Valley (that is, the Dead Sea#Nm 34:12; Dt 3:17; Jos 3:16). 4They were subject to Chedorlaomer for twelve years, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled. 5In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and defeated the Rephaim#Gn 15:20; Dt 2:11,20–21; 3:11,13; Jos 12:4 in Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham,#Dt 1:4; Jos 9:10 the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim, 6and the Horites#Gn 36:20; Dt 2:12,22 in the mountains of Seir, as far as El-paran#Gn 21:21; Nm 10:12 by the wilderness. 7Then they came back to invade En-mishpat (that is, Kadesh#Nm 13:26), and they defeated the whole territory of the Amalekites, as well as the Amorites who lived in Hazazon-tamar.#2Ch 20:2
8Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) went out and lined up for battle in the Siddim Valley 9against King Chedorlaomer of Elam, King Tidal of Goiim, King Amraphel of Shinar, and King Arioch of Ellasar — four kings against five. 10Now the Siddim Valley contained many asphalt pits, and as the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, some fell into them,#14:10 Sam, LXX; MT reads fell there but the rest fled to the mountains.#Gn 19:17 11The four kings took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah and all their food and went on. 12They also took Abram’s nephew Lot and his possessions, for he was living in Sodom,#Gn 13:12 and they went on.
13One of the survivors came and told Abram the Hebrew,#Gn 39:14; 40:15 who lived near the oaks belonging to Mamre the Amorite, the brother of Eshcol and the brother of Aner. They were bound by a treaty with Abram. 14When Abram heard that his relative had been taken prisoner, he assembled#14:14 Sam; MT reads poured out his 318 trained men, born in his household,#Gn 12:5; 15:3; 17:27; Ec 2:7 and they went in pursuit as far as Dan.#Dt 34:1; Jdg 18:29; 1Kg 15:20 15And he and his servants deployed against them by night, defeated them, and pursued them as far as Hobah to the north of Damascus. 16He brought back all the goods and also his relative Lot and his goods, as well as the women and the other people.
17After Abram returned from defeating Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet him in the Shaveh Valley (that is, the King’s Valley#2Sm 18:18). 18Melchizedek, king of Salem,#14:18 = Jerusalem#Ps 110:4; Heb 5:6; 7:1 brought out bread and wine; he was a priest to God Most High.#Ps 57:2 19He blessed him and said:
Abram is blessed by God Most High,
Creator#14:19 Or Possessor of heaven and earth,
20and blessed be God Most High
who has handed over your enemies to you.
And Abram gave him a tenth of everything.#Heb 7:4
21Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people, but take the possessions for yourself.”
22But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have raised my hand in an oath to the Lord, God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth, 23that I will not take a thread or sandal strap or anything that belongs to you, so you can never say, ‘I made Abram rich.’ 24I will take nothing except what the servants have eaten. But as for the share of the men who came with me — Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre — they can take their share.”
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© 2017 Holman Bible Publishers
1And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel the king of Shinar, Arioch the king of El-lasar, Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and Tidal the king of nations, 2that they made war with Bera the king of Sodom, and with Birsha the king of Gomorrah, Shinab the king of Admah, and Shemeber the king of Zeboim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar. 3All these were joined in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea. 4Twelve years had they served Chedorlaomer; and in the thirteenth year they rebelled. 5And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, and the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in Shaveh-Kirjathaim, 6and the Horites on their mount Seir, to El-Paran, which is by the wilderness. 7And they returned, and came to En-mishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites that dwelt at Hazazon-Tamar. 8And the king of Sodom and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar, went out, and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim, 9with Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and Tidal the king of nations, and Amraphel the king of Shinar, and Arioch the king of Ellasar — four kings with the five. 10And the vale of Siddim was full of pits of asphalt. And the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there: and they that remained fled to the mountain. 11And they took all the property of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and departed. 12And they took Lot and his property, Abram's brother's son, and departed. For he dwelt in Sodom.
13And one who had escaped came and told Abram the Hebrew. And he dwelt by the oaks of Mamre the Amorite, the brother of Eshcol, and the brother of Aner. And these were Abram's allies. 14And Abram heard that his brother was taken captive; and he led out his trained servants, born in his house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them as far as Dan. 15And he divided himself against them by night, he and his servants, and smote them, and pursued them as far as Hobah, which is to the left of Damascus. 16And he brought back all the property, and brought again his brother Lot and his property, and the women also, and the people.
17And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after he had returned from smiting Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, into the valley of Shaveh, which is the king's valley. 18And Melchisedec king of Salem brought out bread and wine. And he was priest of the Most High ·God#GodHebrew: El 19And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the Most High ·God#GodHebrew: El possessor of heavens and earth. 20And blessed be the Most High ·God#GodHebrew: El who has delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him the tenth of all.
21And the king of Sodom said to Abram, Give me the souls, and take the property for thyself. 22And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lifted up my hand to Jehovah, the Most High ·God#GodHebrew: El possessor of heavens and earth, 23if from a thread even to a sandal-thong, yes, if of all that is thine, I take anything...; that thou mayest not say, I have made Abram rich; 24save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men that went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre, let them take their portion.
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First published in 1890. This edition is maintained by the British and Foreign Bible Society.