The Passover Instituted
Lev 23:4–8; Nu 28:16–25; Dt 16:1–8
1Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying: 2#Dt 16:1; Ex 13:4; 23:15This month shall be the beginning of months to you. It shall be the first month of the year to you. 3Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: On the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for a household. 4And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons; according to what each man shall eat, divide the lamb. 5#Lev 23:12; Dt 17:1Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats. 6#Lev 23:5; Ex 16:12; Nu 28:16You shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month, and then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 7They shall take some of the blood and put it on the two side posts and on the upper doorpost of the houses in which they shall eat it. 8#Ex 34:25; Dt 16:7They shall eat the flesh on that night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 9#Ex 12:8; Dt 16:7Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted with fire, its head with its legs and its entrails. 10#Ex 23:18; 34:25; 29:34And you shall let nothing of it remain until the morning, but that of it which remains until the morning you shall burn with fire. 11#Ex 12:27; Eph 6:15In this way shall you eat it: with your waist girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover.
12#Ex 6:2; Nu 33:4For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast, and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment. I am the Lord. 13#Heb 11:28The blood shall be to you for a sign on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you when I smite the land of Egypt.
14#Ex 12:17; 12:24This day shall be a memorial to you, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord. Throughout your generations you shall keep it a feast by an eternal ordinance. 15#Dt 16:3; Ge 17:14; Ex 23:15Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall put away leaven out of your houses, for whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel. 16#Lev 23:7–8; Nu 28:18On the first day there shall be a holy convocation, and on the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation for you. No manner of work shall be done on them; but that which every man must eat—that only may be prepared for you.
17#Ex 13:3You shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread. For on this very day I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an ordinance forever. 18#Ex 12:15; Lev 23:5–8In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. 19#Ex 12:15; 12:48Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses, for whoever eats that which is leavened, that person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger or born in the land. 20You shall eat nothing leavened. In all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.
21#Ex 12:3; Mk 14:12–16Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Draw out and take for yourselves a lamb according to your families and kill the Passover lamb. 22#Heb 11:28; Ex 12:7You shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and apply the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the basin, and none of you shall go out from the door of his house until the morning. 23#Heb 11:28; Rev 7:3For the Lord will pass through to kill the Egyptians. And when He sees the blood upon the lintel and on the two side posts, the Lord will pass over the door and will not permit the destroyer to come to your houses to kill you.
24#Ex 12:14“And you shall observe this thing as an ordinance to you and to your sons forever. 25#Ex 3:8; 3:17When you enter the land which the Lord will give you, according as He has promised, that you shall observe this service. 26#Ex 13:14–15; Dt 32:7And when your children shall say to you, ‘What does this service mean to you?’ 27#Ex 4:31; 12:11that you shall say, ‘It is the sacrifice of the Lord’s Passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when He smote the Egyptians, and delivered our households.’ ” And the people bowed down and worshipped. 28Then the children of Israel went and did so. Just as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
The Tenth Plague: Death of the Firstborn
29#Ex 4:23; Ps 78:51At midnight the Lord smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon and all the firstborn of livestock. 30#Ex 11:6; Am 5:17Pharaoh rose up in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians, and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not someone dead.
31#Ex 10:9Then he called for Moses and Aaron at night and said, “Rise up, and get out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel, and go, serve the Lord, as you have said. 32#Ex 10:26Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone, and bless me also.”
33#Ps 105:38; Ex 11:1The Egyptians urged the people, so that they might send them out of the land in haste, for they said, “We all will be dead.” 34So the people took their dough before it was leavened, with their kneading troughs being bound up in their clothes on their shoulders. 35#Ex 3:21–22; 11:2–3Now the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses, and they requested of the Egyptians articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing. 36#Ge 15:14; Ex 3:21–22And the Lord gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they gave them what they requested. Thus they plundered the Egyptians.
37#Ex 38:26; Nu 1:46Then the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Sukkoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides children. 38#Nu 11:4A mixed multitude also went up with them along with flocks and herds, a large amount of livestock. 39#Ex 6:1; 11:1They baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened because they were driven out of Egypt and could not linger, nor had they prepared for themselves any food.
40#Ge 15:13; Ac 7:6Now the sojourning of the children of Israel who lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years. 41And at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, on the very day, all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt. 42#Dt 16:1–6It is a night to be observed to the Lord for bringing them out from the land of Egypt. This is that night for the Lord to be observed by all the children of Israel in their generations.
The Ordinance of Passover
43#Ex 12:48; Nu 9:14So the Lord said to Moses and Aaron: This is the ordinance of the Passover:
No foreigner may eat of it. 44#Ge 17:12–13But every man’s servant bought with money, when you have circumcised him, may eat it. 45#Lev 22:10A foreigner or a hired servant shall not eat it.
46#Nu 9:12; Jn 19:36; 19:33In one house shall it be eaten. You shall not carry any of the flesh outside of the house, nor shall you break a bone of it. 47#Ex 12:6; Nu 9:13All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.
48#Nu 9:14; Ex 12:43Now when a stranger sojourns with you and keeps the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it. And he shall be as one that is born in the land. However, no uncircumcised person shall eat of it. 49#Nu 15:15–16; 15:29The same law shall apply to him that is a native and to the stranger who sojourns among you.
50So all the children of Israel did it. They did just as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron. 51#Ex 12:41And that same day the Lord brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their hosts.