David Captures Rabbah
1In the spring of the year,#20:1 Hebrew At the turn of the year. The first day of the year in the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred in March or April. when kings normally go out to war, Joab led the Israelite army in successful attacks against the land of the Ammonites. In the process he laid siege to the city of Rabbah, attacking and destroying it. However, David stayed behind in Jerusalem.
2Then David went to Rabbah and removed the crown from the king’s head,#20:2a Or from the head of Milcom (as in Greek version and Latin Vulgate). Milcom, also called Molech, was the god of the Ammonites. and it was placed on his own head. The crown was made of gold and set with gems, and he found that it weighed seventy-five pounds.#20:2b Hebrew 1 talent [34 kilograms]. David took a vast amount of plunder from the city. 3He also made slaves of the people of Rabbah and forced them to labor with saws, iron picks, and iron axes.#20:3 As in parallel text at 2 Sam 12:31; Hebrew reads and cut them with saws, iron picks, and saws. That is how David dealt with the people of all the Ammonite towns. Then David and all the army returned to Jerusalem.
Battles against Philistine Giants
4After this, war broke out with the Philistines at Gezer. As they fought, Sibbecai from Hushah killed Saph,#20:4a As in parallel text at 2 Sam 21:18; Hebrew reads Sippai. a descendant of the giants,#20:4b Hebrew descendant of the Rephaites; also in 20:6, 8. and so the Philistines were subdued.
5During another battle with the Philistines, Elhanan son of Jair killed Lahmi, the brother of Goliath of Gath. The handle of Lahmi’s spear was as thick as a weaver’s beam!
6In another battle with the Philistines at Gath, they encountered a huge man with six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot, twenty-four in all, who was also a descendant of the giants. 7But when he defied and taunted Israel, he was killed by Jonathan, the son of David’s brother Shimea.
8These Philistines were descendants of the giants of Gath, but David and his warriors killed them.