Jesus the True Shepherd
1“Most assuredly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber. 2But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. 3To him the doorkeeper opens, and the sheep hear his voice; and he calls his own sheep by #John 20:16name and leads them out. 4And when he brings out his own sheep, he goes before them; and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice. 5Yet they will by no means follow a #(2 Cor. 11:13–15)stranger, but will flee from him, for they do not know the voice of strangers.” 6Jesus used this illustration, but they did not understand the things which He spoke to them.
Jesus the Good Shepherd
7Then Jesus said to them again, “Most assuredly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep. 8All who ever came before Me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not hear them. 9#(John 14:6; Eph. 2:18)I am the door. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture. 10The thief does not come except to steal, and to kill, and to destroy. I have come that they may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly.
11#Gen. 49:24; Is. 40:11; Ezek. 34:23; (Heb. 13:20); 1 Pet. 2:25; 5:4; Rev. 7:17“I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd gives His life for the sheep. 12But a hireling, he who is not the shepherd, one who does not own the sheep, sees the wolf coming and #Zech. 11:16, 17leaves the sheep and flees; and the wolf catches the sheep and scatters them. 13The hireling flees because he is a hireling and does not care about the sheep. 14I am the good shepherd; and #Is. 40:11; Nah. 1:7; Zech. 13:7; John 6:64; 2 Tim. 2:19I know My sheep, and #2 Tim. 1:12am known by My own. 15#Matt. 11:27As the Father knows Me, even so I know the Father; #Matt. 27:50; Mark 15:37; Luke 23:46; (John 15:13; 19:30); 1 John 3:16and I lay down My life for the sheep. 16And #Is. 42:6; 56:8; Acts 10:45; 11:18; 13:46other sheep I have which are not of this fold; them also I must bring, and they will hear My voice; #Ezek. 37:22; John 11:52; 17:20; Eph. 2:13–18; 1 Pet. 2:25and there will be one flock and one shepherd.
17“Therefore My Father #John 5:20loves Me, #(Is. 53:7, 8, 12; Heb. 2:9)because I lay down My life that I may take it again. 18No one takes it from Me, but I lay it down of Myself. I #Matt. 26:53; (John 2:19; 5:26)have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. #(John 6:38; 14:31; 17:4; Acts 2:24, 32)This command I have received from My Father.”
19Therefore #John 7:43; 9:16there was a division again among the Jews because of these sayings. 20And many of them said, #John 7:20“He has a demon and is mad. Why do you listen to Him?”
21Others said, “These are not the words of one who has a demon. #(Ex. 4:11)Can a demon #John 9:6, 7, 32, 33open the eyes of the blind?”
The Shepherd Knows His Sheep
22Now it was the Feast of Dedication in Jerusalem, and it was winter. 23And Jesus walked in the temple, #Acts 3:11; 5:12in Solomon’s porch. 24Then the Jews surrounded Him and said to Him, “How long do You keep us in doubt? If You are the Christ, tell us plainly.”
25Jesus answered them, “I told you, and you do not believe. #John 5:36; 10:38The works that I do in My Father’s name, they #Matt. 11:4; John 2:11; 20:30bear witness of Me. 26But #(John 8:47)you do not believe, because you are not of My sheep, as I said to you. 27#John 10:4, 14My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me. 28And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand. 29#John 14:28My Father, #(John 17:2, 6, 12, 24)who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of My Father’s hand. 30#John 17:11, 21–24I and My Father are one.”
Renewed Efforts to Stone Jesus
31Then #John 8:59the Jews took up stones again to stone Him. 32Jesus answered them, “Many good works I have shown you from My Father. For which of those works do you stone Me?”
33The Jews answered Him, saying, “For a good work we do not stone You, but for #Matt. 9:3blasphemy, and because You, being a Man, #John 5:18make Yourself God.”
34Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your law, #Ps. 82:6‘I said, “You are gods” ’? 35If He called them gods, #Matt. 5:17, 18to whom the word of God came (and the Scripture #1 Pet. 1:25cannot be broken), 36do you say of Him #John 6:27whom the Father sanctified and #John 3:17sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ #John 5:17, 18because I said, ‘I am #Luke 1:35the Son of God’? 37#John 10:25; 15:24If I do not do the works of My Father, do not believe Me; 38but if I do, though you do not believe Me, #John 5:36believe the works, that you may know and believe #John 14:10, 11that the Father is in Me, and I in Him.” 39#John 7:30, 44Therefore they sought again to seize Him, but He escaped out of their hand.
The Believers Beyond Jordan
40And He went away again beyond the Jordan to the place #John 1:28where John was baptizing at first, and there He stayed. 41Then many came to Him and said, “John performed no sign, #(John 1:29, 36; 3:28–36; 5:33)but all the things that John spoke about this Man were true.” 42And many believed in Him there.