Israel Affirms the Covenant
1Now He said to Moses, “Come up to the Lord, you and Aaron, #Ex. 6:23; 28:1; Lev. 10:1, 2Nadab and Abihu, #Ex. 1:5; Num. 11:16and seventy of the elders of Israel, and worship from afar. 2And Moses alone shall come near the Lord, but they shall not come near; nor shall the people go up with him.”
3So Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord and all the judgments. And all the people answered with one voice and said, #Ex. 19:8; 24:7; Deut. 5:27; (Gal. 3:19)“All the words which the Lord has said we will do.” 4And Moses #Ex. 17:14; 34:27; Deut. 31:9wrote all the words of the Lord. And he rose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and twelve #Gen. 28:18pillars according to the twelve tribes of Israel. 5Then he sent young men of the children of Israel, who offered #Ex. 18:12; 20:24burnt offerings and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen to the Lord. 6And Moses #Ex. 29:16, 20; Heb. 9:18took half the blood and put it in basins, and half the blood he sprinkled on the altar. 7Then he #Ex. 24:4; Heb. 9:19took the Book of the Covenant and read in the hearing of the people. And they said, “All that the Lord has said we will do, and be obedient.” 8And Moses took the blood, sprinkled it on the people, and said, “This is #Zech. 9:11; (Matt. 26:28; Mark 14:24; Luke 22:20; 1 Cor. 11:25; Heb. 9:19, 20; 13:20; 1 Pet. 1:2)the blood of the covenant which the Lord has made with you according to all these words.”
On the Mountain with God
9Then Moses went up, also Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, 10and they #Ex. 24:11; Num. 12:8; Is. 6:5; (John 1:18; 6:46); 1 John 4:12saw the God of Israel. And there was under His feet as it were a paved work of #Ezek. 1:26; Rev. 4:3sapphire stone, and it was like the #Matt. 17:2very heavens in its clarity. 11But on the nobles of the children of Israel He #Ex. 19:21did not lay His hand. So #Gen. 32:30; Judg. 13:22they saw God, and they #1 Cor. 10:18ate and drank.
12Then the Lord said to Moses, #Ex. 24:2, 15“Come up to Me on the mountain and be there; and I will give you #Ex. 31:18; 32:15; Deut. 5:22tablets of stone, and the law and commandments which I have written, that you may teach them.”
13So Moses arose with #Ex. 32:17his assistant Joshua, and Moses went up to the mountain of God. 14And he said to the elders, “Wait here for us until we come back to you. Indeed, Aaron and #Ex. 17:10, 12Hur are with you. If any man has a difficulty, let him go to them.” 15Then Moses went up into the mountain, and #Ex. 19:9; Matt. 17:5a cloud covered the mountain.
16Now #Ex. 16:10; 33:18; Num. 14:10the glory of the Lord rested on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. And on the seventh day He called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud. 17The sight of the glory of the Lord was like #Ex. 3:2; Deut. 4:26, 36; 9:3; Heb. 12:18, 29a consuming fire on the top of the mountain in the eyes of the children of Israel. 18So Moses went into the midst of the cloud and went up into the mountain. And #Ex. 34:28; Deut. 9:9; 10:10Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights.