1Now in the second year of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign, Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; #Gen. 40:5–8; 41:1, 8; Job33:15–17; Dan. 2:3; 4:5and his spirit was so troubled that #Esth. 6:1; Dan. 6:18his sleep left him. 2#Gen. 41:8; Ex. 7:11; Is. 47:12, 13; Dan. 1:20; 2:10, 27; 4:6; 5:7Then the king gave the command to call the magicians, the astrologers, the sorcerers, and the Chaldeans to tell the king his dreams. So they came and stood before the king. 3And the king said to them, “I have had a dream, and my spirit is anxious to know the dream.”
4Then the Chaldeans spoke to the king in Aramaic, #1 Kin. 1:31; Dan. 3:9; 5:10; 6:6, 21“O king, live forever! Tell your servants the dream, and we will give the interpretation.”
5The king answered and said to the Chaldeans, “My decision is firm: if you do not make known the dream to me, and its interpretation, you shall be #2 Kin. 10:27; Ezra 6:11; Dan. 3:29cut in pieces, and your houses shall be made an ash heap. 6#Dan. 5:16However, if you tell the dream and its interpretation, you shall receive from me gifts, rewards, and great honor. Therefore tell me the dream and its interpretation.”
7They answered again and said, “Let the king tell his servants the dream, and we will give its interpretation.”
8The king answered and said, “I know for certain that you would gain time, because you see that my decision is firm: 9if you do not make known the dream to me, there is only one decree for you! For you have agreed to speak lying and corrupt words before me till the time has changed. Therefore tell me the dream, and I shall know that you can give me its interpretation.”
10The Chaldeans answered the king, and said, “There is not a man on earth who can tell the king’s matter; therefore no king, lord, or ruler has ever asked such things of any magician, astrologer, or Chaldean. 11It is a difficult thing that the king requests, and there is no other who can tell it to the king #Gen. 41:39; Dan. 5:11except the gods, whose dwelling is not with flesh.”
12For this reason the king was angry and very furious, and gave the command to destroy all the wise men of Babylon. 13So the decree went out, and they began killing the wise men; and they sought #Dan. 1:19, 20Daniel and his companions, to kill them.
God Reveals Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
14Then with counsel and wisdom Daniel answered Arioch, the captain of the king’s guard, who had gone out to kill the wise men of Babylon; 15he answered and said to Arioch the king’s captain, “Why is the decree from the king so urgent?” Then Arioch made the decision known to Daniel.
16So Daniel went in and asked the king to give him time, that he might tell the king the interpretation. 17Then Daniel went to his house, and made the decision known to Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, his companions, 18#(Dan. 9:9; Matt. 18:19)that they might seek mercies from the God of heaven concerning this secret, so that Daniel and his companions might not perish with the rest of the wise men of Babylon. 19Then the secret was revealed to Daniel #Num. 12:6; Job 33:15; (Prov. 3:32); Amos 3:7in a night vision. So Daniel blessed the God of heaven.
20Daniel answered and said:
#Ps. 113:2“Blessed be the name of God forever and ever,
#(1 Chr. 29:11, 12; Job 12:13; Ps. 147:5; Jer. 32:19; Matt. 6:13; Rom. 11:33)For wisdom and might are His.
21And He changes #Ps. 31:15; Esth. 1:13; Dan. 2:9; 7:25the times and the seasons;
#Job 12:18; (Ps. 75:6, 7; Jer. 27:5; Dan. 4:35)He removes kings and raises up kings;
#1 Kin. 3:9, 10; 4:29; (James 1:5)He gives wisdom to the wise
And knowledge to those who have understanding.
22#Job 12:22; Ps. 25:14; (Prov. 3:22)He reveals deep and secret things;
#Job 26:6; Ps. 139:12; (Is. 45:7; Jer. 23:24; Heb. 4:13)He knows what is in the darkness,
And #(Ps. 36:9); Dan. 5:11, 14; (1 Tim. 6:16; James 1:17; 1 John 1:5)light dwells with Him.
23“I thank You and praise You,
O God of my fathers;
You have given me wisdom and might,
And have now made known to me what we #Ps. 21:2, 4; Dan. 2:18, 29, 30asked of You,
For You have made known to us the king’s demand.”
Daniel Explains the Dream
24Therefore Daniel went to Arioch, whom the king had appointed to destroy the wise men of Babylon. He went and said thus to him: “Do not destroy the wise men of Babylon; take me before the king, and I will tell the king the interpretation.”
25Then Arioch quickly brought Daniel before the king, and said thus to him, “I have found a man of the captives of Judah, who will make known to the king the interpretation.”
26The king answered and said to Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, “Are you able to make known to me the dream which I have seen, and its interpretation?”
27Daniel answered in the presence of the king, and said, “The secret which the king has demanded, the wise men, the astrologers, the magicians, and the soothsayers cannot declare to the king. 28#Gen. 40:8; Amos 4:13But there is a God in heaven who reveals secrets, and He has made known to King Nebuchadnezzar #Gen. 49:1; Is. 2:2; Dan. 10:14; Mic. 4:1what will be in the latter days. Your dream, and the visions of your head upon your bed, were these: 29As for you, O king, thoughts came to your mind while on your bed, about what would come to pass after this; #(Dan. 2:22, 28)and He who reveals secrets has made known to you what will be. 30#Acts 3:12But as for me, this secret has not been revealed to me because I have more wisdom than anyone living, but for our sakes who make known the interpretation to the king, #Dan. 2:47and that you may know the thoughts of your heart.
31“You, O king, were watching; and behold, a great image! This great image, whose splendor was excellent, stood before you; and its form was awesome. 32#Dan. 2:38, 45This image’s head was of fine gold, its chest and arms of silver, its belly and thighs of bronze, 33its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of clay. 34You watched while a stone was cut out #Dan. 8:25; (Zech. 4:6); 2 Cor. 5:1; Heb. 9:24without hands, which struck the image on its feet of iron and clay, and broke them in pieces. 35#Dan. 7:23–27; (Rev. 16:14)Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver, and the gold were crushed together, and became #Ps. 1:4; Is. 17:13; 41:15, 16; Hos. 13:3like chaff from the summer threshing floors; the wind carried them away so that #Ps. 37:10, 36no trace of them was found. And the stone that struck the image #(Is. 2:2, 3); Mic. 4:1became a great mountain #Ps. 80:9and filled the whole earth.
36“This is the dream. Now we will tell the interpretation of it before the king. 37#Ezra 7:12; Is. 47:5; Jer. 27:6, 7; Ezek. 26:7; Hos. 8:10You, O king, are a king of kings. #Ezra 1:2For the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, strength, and glory; 38#Ps. 50:10, 11; Jer. 27:6; Dan. 4:21, 22and wherever the children of men dwell, or the beasts of the field and the birds of the heaven, He has given them into your hand, and has made you ruler over them all—#Dan. 2:32you are this head of gold. 39But after you shall arise #Dan. 5:28, 31another kingdom #Dan. 2:32inferior to yours; then another, a third kingdom of bronze, which shall rule over all the earth. 40And #Dan. 7:7, 23the fourth kingdom shall be as strong as iron, inasmuch as iron breaks in pieces and shatters everything; and like iron that crushes, that kingdom will break in pieces and crush all the others. 41Whereas you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter’s clay and partly of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; yet the strength of the iron shall be in it, just as you saw the iron mixed with ceramic clay. 42And as the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of clay, #Dan. 7:24so the kingdom shall be partly strong and partly fragile. 43As you saw iron mixed with ceramic clay, they will mingle with the seed of men; but they will not adhere to one another, just as iron does not mix with clay. 44And in the days of these kings #Dan. 2:28, 37the God of heaven will set up a kingdom #Is. 9:6, 7; Ezek. 37:25; Dan. 4:3, 34; 6:26; 7:14, 27; Mic. 4:7; (Luke 1:32, 33)which shall never be destroyed; and the kingdom shall not be left to other people; #Ps. 2:9; Is. 60:12; Dan. 2:34, 35; (1 Cor. 15:24)it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever. 45#Dan. 2:35; Is. 28:16Inasmuch as you saw that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it broke in pieces the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver, and the gold—the great God has made known to the king what will come to pass after this. The dream is certain, and its interpretation is sure.”
Daniel and His Friends Promoted
46#Dan. 3:5, 7; Acts 10:25; 14:13; Rev. 19:10; 22:8Then King Nebuchadnezzar fell on his face, prostrate before Daniel, and commanded that they should present an offering #Lev. 26:31; Ezra 6:10and incense to him. 47The king answered Daniel, and said, “Truly #Dan. 3:28, 29; 4:34–37your God is the God of #(Deut. 10:17)gods, the Lord of kings, and a revealer of secrets, since you could reveal this secret.” 48#(Prov. 14:35; 21:1)Then the king promoted Daniel #Dan. 2:6and gave him many great gifts; and he made him ruler over the whole province of Babylon, and #Dan. 4:9; 5:11chief administrator over all the wise men of Babylon. 49Also Daniel petitioned the king, #Dan. 1:7; 3:12and he set Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-Nego over the affairs of the province of Babylon; but Daniel #Esth. 2:19, 21, 3:2; Amos 5:15sat in the gate of the king.