Canaanites Defeated at Hormah
1The #Num. 33:40; Josh. 12:14; Judg. 1:16king of Arad, the Canaanite, who dwelt in the South, heard that Israel was coming on the road to Atharim. Then he fought against Israel and took some of them prisoners. 2#Gen. 28:20; Judg. 11:30So Israel made a vow to the Lord, and said, “If You will indeed deliver this people into my hand, then #Deut. 2:34I will utterly destroy their cities.” 3And the Lord listened to the voice of Israel and delivered up the Canaanites, and they utterly destroyed them and their cities. So the name of that place was called Hormah.
The Bronze Serpent
4Then they journeyed from Mount Hor by the Way of the Red Sea, to #Judg. 11:18go around the land of Edom; and the soul of the people became very discouraged on the way. 5And the people #Num. 20:4, 5spoke against God and against Moses: “Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? For there is no food and no water, and our soul loathes this worthless bread.” 6So #1 Cor. 10:9the Lord sent #Deut. 8:15fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and many of the people of Israel died.
7#Num. 11:2; Ps. 78:34; Is. 26:16; Hos. 5:15Therefore the people came to Moses, and said, “We have #Lev. 26:40sinned, for we have spoken against the Lord and against you; #Ex. 8:8; 1 Sam. 12:19; 1 Kin. 13:6; Acts 8:24pray to the Lord that He take away the serpents from us.” So Moses prayed for the people.
8Then the Lord said to Moses, #(John 3:14, 15)“Make a #Is. 14:29; 30:6fiery serpent, and set it on a pole; and it shall be that everyone who is bitten, when he looks at it, shall live.” 9So #2 Kin. 18:4; John 3:14, 15Moses made a bronze serpent, and put it on a pole; and so it was, if a serpent had bitten anyone, when he looked at the bronze serpent, he lived.
From Mount Hor to Moab
10Now the children of Israel moved on and #Num. 33:43, 44camped in Oboth. 11And they journeyed from Oboth and camped at Ije Abarim, in the wilderness which is east of Moab, toward the sunrise. 12#Deut. 2:13From there they moved and camped in the Valley of Zered. 13From there they moved and camped on the other side of the Arnon, which is in the wilderness that extends from the border of the Amorites; for #Num. 22:36; Judg. 11:18the Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites. 14Therefore it is said in the Book of the Wars of the Lord:
“Waheb in Suphah,
The brooks of the Arnon,
15And the slope of the brooks
That reaches to the dwelling of #Num. 21:28; Deut. 2:9, 18, 29Ar,
And lies on the border of Moab.”
16From there they went #Judg. 9:21to Beer, which is the well where the Lord said to Moses, “Gather the people together, and I will give them water.” 17Then Israel sang this song:
#Ex. 15:1“Spring up, O well!
All of you sing to it—
18The well the leaders sank,
Dug by the nation’s nobles,
By the #Is. 33:22lawgiver, with their staves.”
And from the wilderness they went to Mattanah, 19from Mattanah to Nahaliel, from Nahaliel to Bamoth, 20and from Bamoth, in the valley that is in the country of Moab, to the top of Pisgah which looks #Num. 23:28down on the wasteland.
King Sihon Defeated
21Then #Num. 32:33; Deut. 2:26–37; Judg. 11:19Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, saying, 22#Num. 20:16, 17“Let me pass through your land. We will not turn aside into fields or vineyards; we will not drink water from wells. We will go by the King’s Highway until we have passed through your territory.” 23#Deut. 29:7But Sihon would not allow Israel to pass through his territory. So Sihon gathered all his people together and went out against Israel in the wilderness, #Deut. 2:32; Judg. 11:20and he came to Jahaz and fought against Israel. 24Then #Deut. 2:33; Josh. 12:1; Neh. 9:22; Ps. 135:10; 136:19; Amos 2:9Israel defeated him with the edge of the sword, and took possession of his land from the Arnon to the Jabbok, as far as the people of Ammon; for the border of the people of Ammon was fortified. 25So Israel took all these cities, and Israel #Amos 2:10dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon and in all its villages. 26For Heshbon was the city of Sihon king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab, and had taken all his land from his hand as far as the Arnon. 27Therefore those who speak in proverbs say:
“Come to Heshbon, let it be built;
Let the city of Sihon be repaired.
28“For #Jer. 48:45, 46fire went out from Heshbon,
A flame from the city of Sihon;
It consumed #Deut. 2:9, 18; Is. 15:1Ar of Moab,
The lords of the #Num. 22:41; 33:52heights of the Arnon.
29Woe to you, #Jer. 48:46Moab!
You have perished, O people of #Judg. 11:24; 1 Kin. 11:33; 2 Kin. 23:13Chemosh!
He has given his #Is. 15:2, 5sons as fugitives,
And his #Is. 16:2daughters into captivity,
To Sihon king of the Amorites.
30“But we have shot at them;
Heshbon has perished #Num. 32:3, 34; Jer. 48:18, 22as far as Dibon.
Then we laid waste as far as Nophah,
Which reaches to #Is. 15:2Medeba.”
31Thus Israel dwelt in the land of the Amorites. 32Then Moses sent to spy out #Num. 32:1, 3, 35; Jer. 48:32Jazer; and they took its villages and drove out the Amorites who were there.
King Og Defeated
33#Deut. 29:7And they turned and went up by the way to #Deut. 3:1Bashan. So Og king of Bashan went out against them, he and all his people, to battle #Josh. 13:12at Edrei. 34Then the Lord said to Moses, #Deut. 3:2“Do not fear him, for I have delivered him into your hand, with all his people and his land; and #Num. 21:24; Ps. 135:10; 136:20you shall do to him as you did to Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon.” 35#Deut. 3:3, 4; 29:7; Josh. 13:12So they defeated him, his sons, and all his people, until there was no survivor left him; and they took possession of his land.