Jesus’ Brothers Disbelieve
1After these things Jesus walked in Galilee; for He did not want to walk in Judea, #Matt. 21:38; 26:4; John 5:18; 7:19, 25; 8:37, 40because the Jews sought to kill Him. 2#Lev. 23:34; Deut. 16:13–15; Neh. 8:14, 18; Zech. 14:16–19Now the Jews’ Feast of Tabernacles was at hand. 3#Matt. 12:46; Mark 3:21; John 7:5, 10; Acts 1:14His brothers therefore said to Him, “Depart from here and go into Judea, that Your disciples also may see the works that You are doing. 4For no one does anything in secret while he himself seeks to be known openly. If You do these things, show Yourself to the world.” 5For #Ps. 69:8; Mic. 7:6even His #Matt. 12:46; 13:55; Mark 3:21; John 7:3, 10brothers did not believe in Him.
6Then Jesus said to them, #John 2:4; 8:20“My time has not yet come, but your time is always ready. 7#(John 15:19)The world cannot hate you, but it hates Me #John 3:19because I testify of it that its works are evil. 8You go up to this feast. I am not yet going up to this feast, #John 8:20for My time has not yet fully come.” 9When He had said these things to them, He remained in Galilee.
The Heavenly Scholar
10But when His brothers had gone up, then He also went up to the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret. 11Then #John 11:56the Jews sought Him at the feast, and said, “Where is He?” 12And #John 9:16; 10:19there was much complaining among the people concerning Him. #Matt. 21:46; Luke 7:16; John 6:14; 7:40Some said, “He is good”; others said, “No, on the contrary, He deceives the people.” 13However, no one spoke openly of Him #(John 9:22; 12:42; 19:38)for fear of the Jews.
14Now about the middle of the feast Jesus went up into the temple and #Ps. 22:22; Matt. 4:23; 5:2; 7:29; Mark 6:34; Luke 4:15; 5:3; John 8:2taught. 15#Matt. 13:54; Mark 6:2; (Luke 4:22); Acts 2:7And the Jews marveled, saying, “How does this Man know letters, having never studied?”
16Jesus answered them and said, #Deut. 18:15, 18, 19; John 3:11“My doctrine is not Mine, but His who sent Me. 17#Ps. 25:9, 14; Prov. 3:32; Dan. 12:10; John 3:21; 8:43If anyone wills to do His will, he shall know concerning the doctrine, whether it is from God or whether I speak on My own authority. 18#John 5:41He who speaks from himself seeks his own glory; but He who #John 8:50seeks the glory of the One who sent Him is true, and #John 8:46; (2 Cor. 5:21; Heb. 4:15; 7:26; 1 Pet. 1:19; 2:22)no unrighteousness is in Him. 19#Ex. 24:3; Deut. 33:4; Acts 7:38Did not Moses give you the law, yet none of you keeps the law? #Matt. 12:14Why do you seek to kill Me?”
20The people answered and said, #John 8:48, 52“You have a demon. Who is seeking to kill You?”
21Jesus answered and said to them, “I did one work, and you all marvel. 22#Lev. 12:3Moses therefore gave you circumcision (not that it is from Moses, #Gen. 17:9–14; Acts 7:8but from the fathers), and you circumcise a man on the Sabbath. 23If a man receives circumcision on the Sabbath, so that the law of Moses should not be broken, are you angry with Me because #John 5:8, 9, 16I made a man completely well on the Sabbath? 24#Deut. 1:16; Prov. 24:23; John 8:15; James 2:1Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment.”
Could This Be the Christ?
25Now some of them from Jerusalem said, “Is this not He whom they seek to #Matt. 21:38; 26:4; Luke 22:2; John 5:18; 8:37, 40kill? 26But look! He speaks boldly, and they say nothing to Him. #John 7:48Do the rulers know indeed that this is truly the Christ? 27#Matt. 13:55; Mark 6:3; Luke 4:22However, we know where this Man is from; but when the Christ comes, no one knows where He is from.”
28Then Jesus cried out, as He taught in the temple, saying, #John 8:14“You both know Me, and you know where I am from; and #John 5:43I have not come of Myself, but He who sent Me #Rom. 3:4is true, #John 1:18; 8:55whom you do not know. 29But #Matt. 11:27; John 8:55; 17:25I know Him, for I am from Him, and He sent Me.”
30Therefore #Mark 11:18they sought to take Him; but #Matt. 21:46; John 7:32, 44; 8:20; 10:39no one laid a hand on Him, because His hour had not yet come. 31And #Matt. 12:23many of the people believed in Him, and said, “When the Christ comes, will He do more signs than these which this Man has done?”
Jesus and the Religious Leaders
32The Pharisees heard the crowd murmuring these things concerning Him, and the Pharisees and the chief priests sent officers to take Him. 33Then Jesus said to them, #John 13:33“I shall be with you a little while longer, and then I #(Mark 16:19; Luke 24:51; Acts 1:9; Heb. 9:24; 1 Pet. 3:22)go to Him who sent Me. 34You #Hos. 5:6will seek Me and not find Me, and where I am you #(Matt. 5:20; 1 Cor. 6:9; 15:50; Rev. 21:27)cannot come.”
35Then the Jews said among themselves, “Where does He intend to go that we shall not find Him? Does He intend to go to #Ps. 147:2; (Is. 11:12; 56:8; Zeph. 3:10); James 1:1; 1 Pet. 1:1the Dispersion among the Greeks and teach the Greeks? 36What is this thing that He said, ‘You will seek Me and not find Me, and where I am you cannot come’?”
The Promise of the Holy Spirit
37#Lev. 23:36; Num. 29:35; Neh. 8:18On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, #(Is. 55:1)“If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. 38#Deut. 18:15He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, #Is. 12:3; 43:20; 44:3; 55:1; (John 6:35); Rev. 21:6; 22:17out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.” 39#Is. 44:3; (Joel 2:28); John 1:33But this He spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those believing in Him would receive; for the Holy Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet #John 12:16; 13:31; 17:5glorified.
Who Is He?
40Therefore many from the crowd, when they heard this saying, said, “Truly this is #Deut. 18:15, 18the Prophet.” 41Others said, “This is #John 4:42; 6:69the Christ.”
But some said, “Will the Christ come out of Galilee? 42#Ps. 132:11; Jer. 23:5; Mic. 5:2; Matt. 2:5; (Luke 2:4)Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the seed of David and from the town of Bethlehem, #1 Sam. 16:1, 4where David was?” 43So #John 7:12there was a division among the people because of Him. 44Now #John 7:30some of them wanted to take Him, but no one laid hands on Him.
Rejected by the Authorities
45Then the officers came to the chief priests and Pharisees, who said to them, “Why have you not brought Him?”
46The officers answered, #Matt. 13:54, 56; Luke 4:22“No man ever spoke like this Man!”
47Then the Pharisees answered them, “Are you also deceived? 48Have any of the rulers or the Pharisees believed in Him? 49But this crowd that does not know the law is accursed.”
50Nicodemus #John 3:1, 2; 19:39(he who came to Jesus by night, being one of them) said to them, 51#Deut. 1:16, 17; 19:15“Does our law judge a man before it hears him and knows what he is doing?”
52They answered and said to him, “Are you also from Galilee? Search and look, for #(Is. 9:1, 2); Matt. 4:15no prophet has arisen out of Galilee.”
An Adulteress Faces the Light of the World
53And everyone went to his own house.