Resistance to Rebuilding the Temple
1Now when #Ezra 4:7–9the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the descendants of the captivity were building the temple of the Lord God of Israel, 2they came to Zerubbabel and the heads of the fathers’ houses, and said to them, “Let us build with you, for we seek your God as you do; and we have sacrificed to Him #2 Kin. 17:24; 19:37; Ezra 4:10since the days of Esarhaddon king of Assyria, who brought us here.” 3But Zerubbabel and Jeshua and the rest of the heads of the fathers’ houses of Israel said to them, #Neh. 2:20“You may do nothing with us to build a house for our God; but we alone will build to the Lord God of Israel, as #Ezra 1:1–4King Cyrus the king of Persia has commanded us.” 4Then #Ezra 3:3the people of the land tried to discourage the people of Judah. They troubled them in building, 5and hired counselors against them to frustrate their purpose all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of #Ezra 5:5; 6:1Darius king of Persia.
Rebuilding of Jerusalem Opposed
6In the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, they wrote an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.
7In the days of #Ezra 7:1, 7, 21Artaxerxes also, Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabel, and the rest of their companions wrote to Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the letter was written in #2 Kin. 18:26Aramaic script, and translated into the Aramaic language. 8Rehum the commander and Shimshai the scribe wrote a letter against Jerusalem to King Artaxerxes in this fashion:
9From Rehum the commander, Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their companions—representatives of #2 Kin. 17:30, 31the Dinaites, the Apharsathchites, the Tarpelites, the people of Persia and Erech and Babylon and Shushan, the Dehavites, the Elamites, 10#2 Kin. 17:24; Ezra 4:1and the rest of the nations whom the great and noble Osnapper took captive and settled in the cities of Samaria and the remainder beyond the River —#Ezra 4:11, 17; 7:12and so forth.
11(This is a copy of the letter that they sent him)
To King Artaxerxes from your servants, the men of the region beyond the River, and so forth:
12Let it be known to the king that the Jews who came up from you have come to us at Jerusalem, and are building the #2 Chr. 36:13rebellious and evil city, and are finishing its #Ezra 5:3, 9walls and repairing the foundations. 13Let it now be known to the king that, if this city is built and the walls completed, they will not pay #Ezra 4:20; 7:24tax, tribute, or custom, and the king’s treasury will be diminished.14Now because we receive support from the palace, it was not proper for us to see the king’s dishonor; therefore we have sent and informed the king,15that search may be made in the book of the records of your fathers. And you will find in the book of the records and know that this city is a rebellious city, harmful to kings and provinces, and that they have incited sedition within the city in former times, for which cause this city was destroyed.
16We inform the king that if this city is rebuilt and its walls are completed, the result will be that you will have no dominion beyond the River.
17The king sent an answer:
To Rehum the commander, to Shimshai the scribe, to the rest of their companions who dwell in Samaria, and to the remainder beyond the River:
Peace, and so forth.
18The letter which you sent to us has been clearly read before me. 19And I gave the command, and a search has been made, and it was found that this city in former times has revolted against kings, and rebellion and sedition have been fostered in it.20There have also been mighty kings over Jerusalem, who have #1 Kin. 4:21; 1 Chr. 18:3; Ps. 72:8ruled over all the region #Gen. 15:18; Josh. 1:4beyond the River; and tax, tribute, and custom were paid to them.21Now give the command to make these men cease, that this city may not be built until the command is given by me.
22Take heed now that you do not fail to do this. Why should damage increase to the hurt of the kings?
23Now when the copy of King Artaxerxes’ letter was read before Rehum, Shimshai the scribe, and their companions, they went up in haste to Jerusalem against the Jews, and by force of arms made them cease. 24Thus the work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem ceased, and it was discontinued until the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.