The Ark Returned to Israel
1Now the ark of the Lord was in the country of the Philistines seven months. 2And the Philistines #1 Sam. 9:16; Jer. 14:2called for the priests and the diviners, saying, “What shall we do with the ark of the Lord? Tell us how we should send it to its place.”
3So they said, “If you send away the ark of the God of Israel, do not send it #Gen. 41:8; Ex. 7:11; Is. 2:6; 47:13; Dan. 2:2; 5:7empty; but by all means return it to Him with #Ex. 23:15; Deut. 16:16a trespass offering. Then you will be healed, and it will be known to you why His hand is not removed from you.”
4Then they said, “What is the trespass offering which we shall return to Him?”
They answered, #Lev. 5:15, 16“Five golden tumors and five golden rats, according to the number of the lords of the Philistines. For the same plague was on all of you and on your lords. 5Therefore you shall make images of your tumors and images of your rats that #1 Sam. 5:6, 9, 12; 6:17ravage the land, and you shall #1 Sam. 5:6give glory to the God of Israel; perhaps He will #Josh. 7:19; 1 Chr. 16:28, 29; Is. 42:12; Jer. 13:16; Mal. 2:2; Rev. 14:7lighten His hand from you, from #1 Sam. 5:6, 11; Ps. 39:10your gods, and from your land. 6Why then do you harden your hearts #1 Sam. 5:3, 4, 7as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? When He did mighty things among them, #Ex. 7:13; 8:15; 9:34; 14:17did they not let the people go, that they might depart? 7Now therefore, make #Ex. 12:31a new cart, take two milk cows #2 Sam. 6:3which have never been yoked, and hitch the cows to the cart; and take their calves home, away from them. 8Then take the ark of the Lord and set it on the cart; and put #Num. 19:2; Deut. 21:3, 4the articles of gold which you are returning to Him as a trespass offering in a chest by its side. Then send it away, and let it go. 9And watch: if it goes up the road to its own territory, to #1 Sam. 6:4, 5Beth Shemesh, then He has done us this great evil. But if not, then #Josh. 15:10; 21:16we shall know that it is not His hand that struck us—it happened to us by chance.”
10Then the men did so; they took two milk cows and hitched them to the cart, and shut up their calves at home. 11And they set the ark of the Lord on the cart, and the chest with the gold rats and the images of their tumors. 12Then the cows headed straight for the road to Beth Shemesh, and went along the #1 Sam. 6:3highway, lowing as they went, and did not turn aside to the right hand or the left. And the lords of the Philistines went after them to the border of Beth Shemesh.
13Now the people of Beth Shemesh were reaping their #Num. 20:19wheat harvest in the valley; and they lifted their eyes and saw the ark, and rejoiced to see it. 14Then the cart came into the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh, and stood there; a large stone was there. So they split the wood of the cart and offered the cows as a burnt offering to the Lord. 15The Levites took down the ark of the Lord and the chest that was with it, in which were the articles of gold, and put them on the large stone. Then the men of Beth Shemesh offered burnt offerings and made sacrifices the same day to the Lord. 16So when #1 Sam. 12:17the five lords of the Philistines had seen it, they returned to Ekron the same day.
17#Josh. 13:3; Judg. 3:3These are the golden tumors which the Philistines returned as a trespass offering to the Lord: one for Ashdod, one for Gaza, one for Ashkelon, one for #1 Sam. 6:4Gath, one for Ekron; 18and the golden rats, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both fortified cities and country villages, even as far as the large stone of Abel on which they set the ark of the Lord, which stone remains to this day in the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh.
19Then #1 Sam. 5:8He struck the men of Beth Shemesh, because they had looked into the ark of the Lord. He #Ex. 19:21; Num. 4:5, 15, 16, 20struck fifty thousand and seventy men of the people, and the people lamented because the Lord had struck the people with a great slaughter.
The Ark at Kirjath Jearim
20And the men of Beth Shemesh said, #2 Sam. 6:7“Who is able to stand before this holy Lord God? And to whom shall it go up from us?” 21So they sent messengers to the inhabitants of #Lev. 11:44, 45; Ps. 24:3, 4; Mal. 3:2; Rev. 6:17Kirjath Jearim, saying, “The Philistines have brought back the ark of the Lord; come down and take it up with you.”