The Growth of David’s Army
1Now #1 Sam. 27:2these were the men who came to David at #1 Sam. 27:6Ziklag while he was still a fugitive from Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men, helpers in the war, 2armed with bows, using both the right hand and #Judg. 3:15; 20:16the left in hurling stones and shooting arrows with the bow. They were of Benjamin, Saul’s brethren.
3The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; Jeziel and Pelet the sons of Azmaveth; Berachah, and Jehu the Anathothite; 4Ishmaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty; Jeremiah, Jahaziel, Johanan, and Jozabad the Gederathite; 5Eluzai, Jerimoth, Bealiah, Shemariah, and Shephatiah the Haruphite; 6Elkanah, Jisshiah, Azarel, Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korahites; 7and Joelah and Zebadiah the sons of Jeroham of Gedor.
8Some Gadites joined David at the stronghold in the wilderness, mighty men of valor, men trained for battle, who could handle shield and spear, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were #2 Sam. 2:18as swift as gazelles on the mountains: 9Ezer the first, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third, 10Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth, 11Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh, 12Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth, 13Jeremiah the tenth, and Machbanai the eleventh. 14These were from the sons of Gad, captains of the army; the least was over a hundred, and the greatest was over a #1 Sam. 18:13thousand. 15These are the ones who crossed the Jordan in the first month, when it had overflowed all its #Josh. 3:15; 4:18, 19banks; and they put to flight all those in the valleys, to the east and to the west.
16Then some of the sons of Benjamin and Judah came to David at the stronghold. 17And David went out to meet them, and answered and said to them, “If you have come peaceably to me to help me, my heart will be united with you; but if to betray me to my enemies, since there is no wrong in my hands, may the God of our fathers look and bring judgment.” 18Then the Spirit came upon #2 Sam. 17:25Amasai, chief of the captains, and he said:
“We are yours, O David;
We are on your side, O son of Jesse!
Peace, peace to you,
And peace to your helpers!
For your God helps you.”
So David received them, and made them captains of the troop.
19And some from Manasseh defected to David #1 Sam. 29:2when he was going with the Philistines to battle against Saul; but they did not help them, for the lords of the Philistines sent him away by agreement, saying, #1 Sam. 29:4“He may defect to his master Saul and endanger our heads.” 20When he went to Ziklag, those of Manasseh who defected to him were Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of the thousands who were from Manasseh. 21And they helped David against #1 Sam. 30:1, 9, 10the bands of raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor, and they were captains in the army. 22For at that time they came to David day by day to help him, until it was a great army, #Gen. 32:2; Josh. 5:13–15like the army of God.
David’s Army at Hebron
23Now these were the numbers of the divisions that were equipped for war, and #2 Sam. 2:1–4came to David at #1 Chr. 11:1Hebron to #1 Chr. 10:14turn over the kingdom of Saul to him, #1 Sam. 16:1–4according to the word of the Lord: 24of the sons of Judah bearing shield and spear, six thousand eight hundred armed for war; 25of the sons of Simeon, mighty men of valor fit for war, seven thousand one hundred; 26of the sons of Levi four thousand six hundred; 27Jehoiada, the leader of the Aaronites, and with him three thousand seven hundred; 28#2 Sam. 8:17; 1 Chr. 6:8, 53Zadok, a young man, a valiant warrior, and from his father’s house twenty-two captains; 29of the sons of Benjamin, relatives of Saul, three thousand (until then #2 Sam. 2:8, 9the greatest part of them had remained loyal to the house of Saul); 30of the sons of Ephraim twenty thousand eight hundred, mighty men of valor, famous men throughout their father’s house; 31of the half-tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, who were designated by name to come and make David king; 32of the sons of Issachar #Esth. 1:13who had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do, their chiefs were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their command; 33of Zebulun there were fifty thousand who went out to battle, expert in war with all weapons of war, #Ps. 12:2; (James 1:8)stouthearted men who could keep ranks; 34of Naphtali one thousand captains, and with them thirty-seven thousand with shield and spear; 35of the Danites who could keep battle formation, twenty-eight thousand six hundred; 36of Asher, those who could go out to war, able to keep battle formation, forty thousand; 37of the Reubenites and the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, from the other side of the Jordan, one hundred and twenty thousand armed for battle with every kind of weapon of war.
38All these men of war, who could keep ranks, came to Hebron with a loyal heart, to make David king over all Israel; and all the rest of Israel were of #2 Chr. 30:12one mind to make David king. 39And they were there with David three days, eating and drinking, for their brethren had prepared for them. 40Moreover those who were near to them, from as far away as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, were bringing food on donkeys and camels, on mules and oxen—provisions of flour and cakes of figs and cakes of raisins, wine and oil and oxen and sheep abundantly, for there was joy in Israel.