1Paul, #See 2 Cor. 1:1 an apostle of Christ Jesus #See 1 Cor. 1:1 by the will of God, and Timothy #See 1 Thess. 3:2our brother,
2To the #Eph. 1:1; See Phil. 1:1 saints and faithful brothers#1:2 Or brothers and sisters. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, the plural Greek word adelphoi (translated “brothers”) may refer either to brothers or to brothers and sisters in Christ at Colossae:
Grace to you and peace from God our Father.
Thanksgiving and Prayer
Eph. 1:15, 16; Philem. 4 We always thank God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, when we pray for you, 4since we heard of #See 1 Thess. 1:3your faith in Christ Jesus and of #See 1 Thess. 1:3the love that you have for all the saints, 5because of #ver. 23; See Acts 23:6; Titus 1:2; Heb. 3:6 the hope #2 Tim. 4:8; 1 Pet. 1:4 laid up for you in heaven. Of this you have heard before in #See Eph. 1:13the word of the truth, the gospel, 6which has come to you, as indeed #[ver. 23; Ps. 98:3]; See Matt. 24:14 in the whole world it is #John 15:5, 16; [Phil. 1:11] bearing fruit and increasing—as it also does among you, since the day you #[Rom. 16:26; Eph. 4:21] heard it and understood #See Acts 11:23the grace of God in truth, 7just as you learned it from #ch. 4:12; Philem. 23 Epaphras our beloved #ch. 4:7fellow servant.#1:7 For the contextual rendering of the Greek word sundoulos, see Preface He is #ch. 4:7a faithful minister of Christ on your#1:7 Some manuscripts our behalf 8and has made known to us your #[Rom. 15:30]love in the Spirit.
9And so, #ver. 4 from the day we heard, #2 Thess. 1:11 we have not ceased to pray for you, asking that #[Eph. 1:17] you may be filled with the knowledge of his will in all #ch. 4:5; Eph. 1:8; [1 Cor. 12:8]spiritual wisdom and understanding, 10so as #[Ps. 1:1, 3]; See Eph. 4:1 to walk in a manner worthy of the Lord, #[2 Cor. 5:9; Eph. 5:10; 1 Thess. 4:1] fully pleasing to him: #ver. 6bearing fruit in every good work and increasing in the knowledge of God; 11#See Eph. 3:16 being strengthened with all power, according to his glorious might, for #Eph. 4:2 all endurance and patience #See Matt. 5:12with joy; 12#ch. 3:15; Eph. 5:20 giving thanks#1:12 Or patience, with joy giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified you#1:12 Some manuscripts us to share in #See Acts 26:18the inheritance of the saints in light. 13He #1 Thess. 1:10 has delivered us from #Luke 22:53; Eph. 6:12 the domain of darkness and transferred us to #2 Pet. 1:11 the kingdom of #[Eph. 1:6]his beloved Son, 14#See Eph. 1:7in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.
The Preeminence of Christ
15 # See 2 Cor. 4:4 He is the image of #See 1 Tim. 1:17 the invisible God, #[Ps. 89:27]; See Rom. 8:29the firstborn of all creation. 16For by#1:16 That is, by means of; or in him all things were created, #Eph. 1:10 in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether #[Ezek. 10:1] thrones or #Eph. 1:21 dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created #Rom. 11:36; 1 Cor. 8:6through him and for him. 17And #[John 8:58]; See John 1:1 he is before all things, and in him all things #[Heb. 1:3]hold together. 18And #See Eph. 1:22, 23 he is the head of the body, the church. He is #Rev. 3:14 the beginning, #Acts 26:23; 1 Cor. 15:20; Rev. 1:5the firstborn from the dead, that in everything he might be preeminent. 19For #ch. 2:9 in him all the #See John 1:16fullness of God was pleased to dwell, 20and #See 2 Cor. 5:18; Eph. 1:10 through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, #See Eph. 2:14 making peace #[Eph. 2:13]by the blood of his cross.
21 # See Eph. 2:1, 2, 12 And you, who once were alienated and hostile in mind, #[Titus 1:16]doing evil deeds, 22he has now reconciled #[Rom. 7:4] in his body of flesh by his death, #Jude 24; See Eph. 1:4; 5:27 in order to present you holy and blameless and #1 Cor. 1:8above reproach before him, 23#See John 15:4 if indeed you continue in the faith, #ch. 2:7; Eph. 3:17 stable and steadfast, not shifting from #ver. 5, 6 the hope of the gospel that you heard, which has been proclaimed #Mark 16:15; [Acts 2:5] in all creation#1:23 Or to every creature under heaven, #See 2 Cor. 3:6and of which I, Paul, became a minister.
Paul’s Ministry to the Church
24Now #See 2 Cor. 7:4 I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh #[2 Tim. 1:8; 2:10] I am filling up #See 2 Cor. 1:5 what is lacking in Christ’s afflictions #[Eph. 4:12]for the sake of his body, that is, the church, 25#ver. 23 of which I became a minister according to #See Eph. 3:2the stewardship from God that was given to me for you, to make the word of God fully known, 26#Eph. 3:9; See Rom. 16:25, 26the mystery hidden for ages and generations but now revealed to his saints. 27#[ch. 2:2] To them God chose to make known how great among the Gentiles are #Eph. 1:18; 3:16 the riches of the glory of #[See ver. 26 above] this mystery, which is Christ in you, #1 Tim. 1:1the hope of glory. 28Him we proclaim, warning everyone and teaching everyone with all wisdom, that #See ver. 22, 23 we may present everyone #See Matt. 5:48mature in Christ. 29For this #1 Cor. 15:10; 1 Tim. 4:10 I toil, #ch. 4:12; [ch. 2:1] struggling #See Eph. 1:19with all his energy that he powerfully works within me.