Zechariah’s Fourth Vision
1And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before#Literally “to the face of” the angel of Yahweh; and Satan#Hebrew “the accuser,” or “the adversary” was standing on his right to accuse him. 2But Yahweh said to Satan,#Hebrew “the accuser,” or “the adversary” “Yahweh rebukes you, O Satan!#Hebrew “the accuser,” or “the adversary” Yahweh who has chosen Jerusalem rebukes you! Is this not a stick snatched from the fire?” 3And Joshua was clothed in filthy garments and was standing before#Literally “to the face of” the angel. 4And he answered and said to the ones standing before#Literally “to the face of” him, saying, “Remove the filthy garments from him.” And he said to him, “See, I have taken away your guilt#The Hebrew term refers to guilt caused by sin (HALOT 800 s.v. 2) from you, and will clothe you with rich garments.” 5And I said, “Let them put a clean headband#Or “turban” on his head.” And they put a clean headband on his head, and they clothed him with garments. And the angel of Yahweh was standing by.
6And the angel of Yahweh assured Joshua, saying, 7“Thus says Yahweh of hosts: ‘If you will walk in my ways, and if you will keep my requirements, then you will judge#Or “govern” my house, and you will also guard my courtyards, and I will give to you passageways#Or “right of access” among these that are standing here. 8Listen, please, O Joshua the high priest, you and your companions#Possibly his fellow priests that are sitting before#Literally “to the face of” you. For the men are a sign that,#Hebrew “for” look, I am going to bring my servant the Branch.#Hebrew “Sprout” or “Shoot” (“Branch” is a traditional rendering in English) 9For consider, the stone that I set before#Literally “I gave to the face of, ”or “I gave in the presence of” Joshua, on one stone are seven eyes.#Or “facets” Look, I am going to engrave an inscription on it,’#Literally “I am going to engrave its engraving” declares#Literally “declaration of” Yahweh of hosts, ‘and I will remove the guilt of that land in a single day. 10On that day,’ declares#Literally “declaration of” Yahweh of hosts, ‘you will invite one another#Literally “a man to his friend” under the vine and under the fig tree.’ ”
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