10
Christ’s One Sacrifice for Sin
1 For the law, possessing a shadow of the good things that are about to come, not the form of things itself, is never able year by year#Literally “according to year” by means of the same sacrifices which they offer without interruption to make perfect those who draw near. 2For otherwise, would they not have ceased to be offered, because the ones who worship, having been purified once and for all, would no longer have any consciousness of sins? 3But in them there is a reminder of sins year by year#Literally “according to year”. 4For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.
5Therefore, when he#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the temporal participle (“came”) came into the world, he said,
“Sacrifice and offering you did not want,
but a body you prepared for me;
6you did not delight in whole burnt offerings and offerings for sins.
7Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come—
in the roll of the book it is written about me—
to do your will, O God.’
8When he says above,
“Sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings and offerings for sin
you did not want, nor did you delight in,”#Various phrases from the quotation of Ps 40:6 in Heb 10:5–6 are repeated here
which are offered according to the law, 9then he has said,
“Behold, I have come to do your will.”#A repetition of Ps 40:8 from Heb 10:7; many later manuscripts add “O God,” making the quotation conform to Heb 10:7 more closely
He takes away the first in order to establish the second, 10by which will we are made holy through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
11And every priest stands every day serving and offering the same sacrifices many times, which are never able to take away sins. 12But this one, after he#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the temporal participle (“had offered”) had offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, sat down at the right hand of God, 13from now on waiting until his enemies are made a footstool for his feet. 14For by one offering he has perfected for all time those who are made holy. 15And the Holy Spirit also testifies to us, for after saying,
16“This is the covenant that I will decree for them
after those days, says the Lord:
I am putting my laws on their hearts,
and I will write them on their minds.”#A quotation from Jer 31:33
17He also says,
“Their sins and their lawless deeds I will never remember again.”#A quotation from Jer 31:34
18Now where there is forgiveness of these, there is no longer an offering for sin.
Hold Fast the Confession of Our Hope
19Therefore, brothers, since we#*Here “since” is supplied as a component of the participle (“have”) which is understood as causal have confidence for the entrance into the sanctuary by the blood of Jesus, 20by the new and living way which he inaugurated for us through the curtain, that is, his flesh, 21and since we have#These words are an implied repetition from v. 19 for clarity a great priest over the house of God, 22let us approach with a true heart in the full assurance of faith, our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. 23Let us hold fast to the confession of our hope without wavering, for the one who promised is faithful. 24And let us think about how to stir one another up to love#Literally “one another for the stirring up of love” and good works, 25not abandoning our meeting together#Literally “the meeting of ourselves”, as is the habit of some, but encouraging each other, and by so much more as you see the day drawing near.
A Serious Warning Against Continuing Deliberate Sin
26For if#*Here “if” is supplied as a component of the conditional genitive absolute participle (“keep on sinning”) we keep on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, 27but a certain fearful expectation of judgment and a fury of fire that is about to consume the adversaries. 28Anyone who rejected the law of Moses dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 29How much worse punishment do you think the person will be considered worthy of who treats with disdain the Son of God and who considers ordinary the blood of the covenant by which he was made holy and who insults the Spirit of grace? 30For we know the one who said,
“Vengeance is mine, I will repay,”#A quotation from Deut 32:35
and again,
“The Lord will judge his people.”#A quotation from Deut 32:36
31It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
32But remember the former days in which, after you#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the temporal participle (“were enlightened”) were enlightened, you endured a great struggle with sufferings, 33sometimes being publicly exposed both to insults and to afflictions, and sometimes becoming sharers with those who were treated in this way. 34For you both sympathized with the prisoners and put up with the seizure of your belongings with joy because you#*Here “because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“knew”) which is understood as causal knew that you yourselves had a better and permanent possession. 35Therefore do not throw away your confidence, which has great reward. 36For you have need of endurance, in order that after you#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the temporal participle (“have done”) have done the will of God, you may receive what was promised. 37For yet
“a very, very little while,
and the one who is coming will come and will not delay.
38But my righteous one will live by faith,
and if he shrinks back, my soul is not well pleased with him.”#A quotation from Hab 2:3–4
39But we are not among those who shrink back to destruction, but among those who have faith to the preservation of our souls.
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