Additional Laws for Guilt Offerings
1“ ‘And this is the regulation of the guilt offering; it is a most holy thing.#Literally “a holiness of holinesses” 2In the place where they slaughter the burnt offering,#Or, taking the verb as an indefinite (thus passive) imperfect 3mp, “the sin offering is slaughtered” they must slaughter the guilt offering,#Or, taking the verb as an indefinite (thus passive) imperfect 3mp, “the guilt offering must be slaughtered” and he#That is, the priest; understood by context and 3ms verb must sprinkle its blood upon the altar all around. 3And he must present all of its fat:#Hebrew “all of its fat from it” the fat tail and the fat that covers the inner parts,#Or “entrails” 4and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is on the loins, and he must remove the lobe on the liver in addition to the kidneys. 5And the priest shall turn it into smoke it on the altar as a food offering made by fire for Yahweh; it is a guilt offering. 6Every male among the priests may eat it; it must be eaten in a holy place; it is a most holy thing.#Literally “a holiness of holinesses” 7The instruction is the same for the guilt offering as for the sin offering;#Literally “as the sin offering as the guilt offering one for them” it belongs to#Literally “for him it shall be” or “it will become his” the priest, who makes atonement with it.
Portions for the Priests
8“ ‘And#Or “As for” the priest who presents a person’s#Literally “of a man” burnt offering, to that#Hebrew “the” priest belongs#Literally “to/for him it shall be” the skin of the burnt offering that he presented. 9And every grain offering that is baked in the oven and all that is prepared in a#Hebrew “the” cooking pan or#Or “and” on a flat baking pan belongs to#Literally “for him it shall be” or “it will become his” the priest who presented it. 10And every grain offering, whether mixed with oil or dry, shall be for all of Aaron’s sons equally.#Literally “each as his brother”
Additional Laws for Fellowship Offerings
11“ ‘And this is the regulation of the fellowship offerings that he must present to Yahweh: 12If he presents it for thanksgiving, in addition to the thanksgiving sacrifice he shall present ring-shaped unleavened bread mixed with oil and unleavened bread wafers smeared with oil and well-mixed ring-shaped bread cakes of finely milled flour mixed with oil. 13In addition to ring-shaped cakes of bread with yeast, he must present his grain#Implied by v. 12 offering together with#Or “in addition to” his sacrifice of thanksgiving peace offerings. 14And he shall present one of each kind of grain#Implied by v. 12 offering as a contribution for Yahweh; it belongs to#Literally “for him it shall be” or “it will become his” the priest who sprinkles the fellowship offerings’ blood. 15And the meat of the sacrifice of his thanksgiving fellowship offerings must be eaten on the day of his offering; he must not leave it until morning.
16“ ‘But#Or “And” if his sacrifice is for a vow or as a freewill offering, it must be eaten on the day of his presenting his sacrifice, and on the next day the remainder#Or “and the remainder” from it may be eaten, 17but#Or “and” the remainder from the sacrifice’s meat must be burned up in the fire on the third day. 18And if indeed some of the meat of his fellowship offerings’ sacrifice is eaten on the third day, it will not be accepted; it will not be considered of benefit for the one who presented it—it shall be unclean meat, and the person#Or “soul” who eats it shall bear his guilt. 19And the meat that touches anything unclean must not be eaten; it must be burned with fire, and as for the clean#Understood by context meat, anyone who is clean may eat the meat. 20And the person#Or “the soul” who eats meat from the fellowship offerings’ sacrifice, which is for Yahweh, and whose uncleanness is upon him—that person#Or “the soul” shall be cut off from his people. 21And when a person#Or “a soul” touches anything unclean, whether human uncleanness or an unclean animal or any unclean detestable thing, and he eats from the meat of the fellowship offerings’ sacrifice, which is for Yahweh, then#Or “and” that person#Or “the soul” shall be cut off from his people.’ ”
Instructions for the People
22Then#Or “And” Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 23“Speak to the Israelites,#Literally “sons/children of Israel” saying, ‘You#Plural must not eat any fat of ox, or#Or “and” sheep, or#Or “and” goat; 24and a dead body’s fat or#Or “and” mangled carcass’s fat may be used for any purpose,#Literally “work” but#Or “and” you#Plural certainly must not eat it. 25When anyone eats fat from the domestic animal from which he presented an offering made by fire for Yahweh, then#Or “and” that person#Or “the soul” who ate shall be cut off from his people. 26And in any of your#Plural dwellings, you must not eat any blood belonging to#Literally “to/of” birds#Hebrew “the bird”; generic article with a collective noun or#Or “and” domestic animals.#Hebrew “the domestic animal”; generic article with a collective noun 27Any person#Or “any soul” or “all soul(s)” who eats any blood, that person#Or “and that soul” shall be cut off from his people.’ ”
Portions of Fellowship Offerings for Priests
28Then#Or “And” Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 29“Speak to the Israelites,#Literally “sons/children of Israel” saying, ‘The one who presents his fellowship offerings’ sacrifice for Yahweh shall bring his offering to Yahweh from his fellowship offerings’ sacrifice. 30His own hands must bring Yahweh’s offerings made by fire. He must bring the fat in addition to the breast section to wave the breast section as a wave offering before Yahweh, 31and the priest shall turn the fat into smoke on the altar, and the breast section shall be for Aaron and his#Hebrew “for his” sons. 32And the right upper thigh you#Plural must give as a contribution for the priest from your#Plural fellowship offerings’ sacrifice. 33As for the one from Aaron’s sons who presents the blood of the fellowship offerings and the fat, the right upper thigh shall belong to him#Literally “for him it shall be” as his share, 34because I have taken the wave offering’s breast section and the contribution offering’s upper thigh from the Israelites#Literally “sons/children of Israel” out of their fellowship offerings’ sacrifices, and I have given them to Aaron the priest and his#Hebrew “to his” sons from the Israelites#Literally “sons/children of Israel” as a lasting rule.’ ”
35This is Aaron’s allotted portion and his sons’ allotted portion from Yahweh’s offerings made by fire when#Literally “in a day” he brought them forward to serve as priests for Yahweh. 36This is what Yahweh commanded to give them from the Israelites#Literally “sons/children of Israel” on the day of his anointing them; it is a lasting statute for their generations.
Concluding Summary Concerning the Offerings
37This is the regulation for the burnt offering, for the grain offering and for the sin offering and for the guilt offering and for the consecration offering and for the fellowship offerings’ sacrifice, 38which Yahweh commanded Moses on Mount Sinai#Literally “the mountain of Sinai” on the day of his commanding the Israelites#Literally “sons/children of Israel” to present their offerings to Yahweh in the desert of Sinai.