1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, and Timothy our brother, to the church of God that is in Corinth, together with all the saints who are in all Achaia. 2Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Thanksgiving for God’s Compassion and Comfort
3Blessed is the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort, 4who comforts us in all our affliction, so that we may be able to comfort those who are in all affliction with the comfort with which we ourselves are comforted by God. 5For just as the sufferings of Christ overflow to us, thus through Christ our comfort overflows also. 6But if we are afflicted, it is for your comfort and salvation; if we are comforted, it is for your comfort that is at work in the patient endurance of the same sufferings that we also suffer. 7And our hope for you is firm, because we#*Here “because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“is”) which is understood as causal know that as you are sharers in the sufferings, so also you will be sharers in the comfort.
8For we do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, concerning our affliction that happened in the province of Asia,#A reference to the Roman province of Asia (modern Asia Minor) that we were burdened to an extraordinary degree, beyond our strength, so that we were in despair even of living. 9But we ourselves had the sentence of death in ourselves, so that we would not be putting confidence in ourselves, but in God who raises the dead, 10who delivered us from so great a risk of death, and will deliver us, in whom we have put our hope that he will also deliver us again, 11while#*Here “while” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“join in helping”) you also join in helping on our behalf#Literally “on behalf of us” by prayer, so that thanks may be given on our behalf#Literally “on behalf of us” by many persons for this gracious gift given to us through the help of many.
Paul’s Clear Conscience
12For our reason for boasting is this: the testimony of our conscience that we conducted ourselves in the world, and especially toward you, in holiness#Some manuscripts have “sincerity” and purity of motive from God, not#Some manuscripts have “and not” in merely human wisdom, but by the grace of God. 13For we are not writing anything else to you except what you can read or also understand. But I hope that you will understand completely#Literally “to the end”, 14just as you have also understood us in part, that we are your reason for boasting, just as you are also ours in the day of our Lord Jesus.
Paul Delays His Visit to Corinth
15And with this confidence, I was wanting to come to you previously, in order that you may have a second proof of my goodwill, 16and through you to go to Macedonia, and to come to you again from Macedonia, and to be sent on my way by you to Judea. 17Therefore, when I#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“was wanting”) which is understood as temporal was wanting to do this, perhaps then was I making use of vacillation? Or was I deciding what I was deciding according to the flesh, in order that with me my “yes” may be “yes” and my “no” may be “no” at the same time?#*The words “at the same time” are supplied for clarity 18But God is faithful, so that our word to you is not “yes” and “no.” 19For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, the one who was proclaimed among you by us, by me and Silvanus and Timothy, did not become “yes” and “no,” but has become “yes” in him. 20For as many as are the promises of God, in him they are “yes”; therefore also through him is the “amen” to the glory of God through us. 21Now the one who establishes us together with you in Christ and who anoints us is God, 22who also sealed us and gave the down payment of the Spirit in our hearts.
23But I call upon God as witness against my life, that in order to#*Here “in order to” is supplied as a component of the participle (“spare”) which is understood as purpose spare you, I did not come again to Corinth. 24Not that we lord it over your faith, but we are fellow workers for your joy, because by faith you stand firm.
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