The Writing on the Wall
1King Belshazzar gave a big party for 1000 of his officials. The king was drinking wine with them. 2As Belshazzar was drinking his wine, he ordered his servants to bring the gold and silver cups. His grandfather#5:2 grandfather Or “father.” It is uncertain that Belshazzar was really Nebuchadnezzar’s grandson. Here, the word “father” might only mean “the previous king.” Also in verses 11, 18. Nebuchadnezzar had taken these cups from the Temple in Jerusalem. King Belshazzar wanted his royal people, his wives, and his slave women to drink from those cups. 3So they brought the gold cups that had been taken from the Temple of God in Jerusalem, and the king and his officials, his wives, and his women slaves drank from them. 4As they were drinking, they gave praise to their idol gods, which were only statues made from gold, silver, bronze, iron, wood, and stone.
5Suddenly, a person’s hand appeared and began writing on the wall. The fingers scratched words into the plaster on the wall, near the lampstand in the king’s palace. The king was watching the hand as it wrote.
6King Belshazzar was very afraid. His face became white from fear, and his knees were shaking and knocking together. He could not stand up because his legs were too weak. 7The king called for the men of magic and the Chaldeans to be brought to him. He said to these wise men, “I will give a reward to anyone who can read this writing and explain to me what it means. I will give him purple robes#5:7 purple robes These clothes showed that a person was rich and powerful, like a king. Also in verses 16, 29. to wear and will put a gold chain around his neck. I will make him the third highest ruler in the kingdom.”
8So all the king’s wise men came in, but they could not read the writing or understand what it meant. 9King Belshazzar’s officials were confused, and the king became even more afraid and worried. His face was white from fear.
10Then the king’s mother came into the place where the party was. She had heard the voices of the king and his royal officials. She said, “King, may you live forever! Don’t be afraid! Don’t let your face be so white with fear! 11There is a man in your kingdom who has the spirit of the holy gods in him. In the days of your father, this man showed that he could understand secrets. He showed that he was very smart and very wise. He showed that he was like the gods in these things. Your grandfather, King Nebuchadnezzar, put this man in charge of all the wise men. He ruled over all the men of magic and the Chaldeans. 12The man I am talking about is named Daniel. The king gave him the name Belteshazzar. He is very smart and he knows many things. He could interpret dreams, explain secrets, and find the answer to very hard problems. Call for Daniel, he will tell you what the writing on the wall means.”
13So they brought Daniel to the king and he asked, “Is your name Daniel, one of the captives my father the king brought here from Judah? 14I have heard that the spirit of the gods is in you and that you understand secrets and are very smart and very wise. 15The wise men and the men of magic were brought to me to read this writing on the wall. I wanted them to explain to me what it means, but they could not explain it. 16I have heard that you are able to explain what things mean, and that you can find the answer to very hard problems. If you can read this writing on the wall and explain to me what it means, this is what I will do for you: I will give you purple robes to wear and will put a gold chain around your neck. Then you will become the third highest ruler in the kingdom.”
17Then Daniel answered the king, “King Belshazzar, you can keep your gifts for yourself, or you can give them to someone else. But I will still read the writing on the wall for you and explain what it means.
18“King, God Most High made your grandfather Nebuchadnezzar a very great and powerful king and gave him great wealth. 19People from many nations and language groups were very afraid of Nebuchadnezzar because God made him a very powerful king. Nebuchadnezzar killed whoever he wanted and let those who pleased him live. If he wanted to make people important, he made them important. If he wanted to bring them down, he brought them down.
20“But Nebuchadnezzar became proud and stubborn, so his power was taken away from him. He was taken off his royal throne and stripped of his glory. 21Then Nebuchadnezzar was forced to go away from people. His mind became like the mind of an animal. He lived with the wild donkeys and ate grass like an ox. He became wet with dew. These things happened to him until he learned his lesson. He learned that God Most High rules over human kingdoms, and he gives them to whoever he wants.
22“But Belshazzar, you already knew this. You are Nebuchadnezzar’s grandson,#5:22 grandson Or “son.” This does not necessarily mean they were from the same family. It might only mean that Belshazzar was one of the kings of Babylon after Nebuchadnezzar was king. but still you have not made yourself humble. 23No, you did not become humble. Instead, you have turned against the Lord of heaven. You ordered the drinking cups from his Temple to be brought to you. Then you and your royal officials, your wives, and your slave women drank wine from those cups. You gave praise to the gods of silver and gold, of bronze, iron, wood, and stone. They are not really gods; they cannot see or hear or understand anything. But you did not give honor to the God who has the power over your life and everything you do. 24So because of that, God sent the hand that wrote on the wall. 25These are the words that were written on the wall:
mene, mene, tekel, uparsin.
26“This is what these words mean:
Mene # 5:26 Mene A weight, like the Hebrew word “mina.” This is like the word “to count.” :
God has counted the days until your kingdom will end.
27 Tekel # 5:27 Tekel A weight, like the Hebrew word “shekel.” This word is like the word meaning “to weigh.” :
You have been weighed on the scales and found not good enough.
28 Uparsin # 5:28 Uparsin Literally, “ peres ,” a weight. This word is like the word meaning “to divide” or “to split.” It is also like the name of the country of Persia. :
Your kingdom is being taken from you.
It will be divided among the Medes and Persians.”
29Then Belshazzar gave an order for Daniel to be dressed in purple clothes. A gold chain was put around his neck, and he was appointed the third highest ruler in the kingdom. 30That very same night, Belshazzar, king of the Babylonians, was killed. 31A man named Darius the Mede became the new king. Darius was about 62 years old.