Activities on the Sabbath
1One Sabbath, as Jesus was going through the wheat fields, his disciples were picking the heads of wheat, rubbing them in their hands, and eating them. 2Some Pharisees said, "Why are you breaking the Sabbath law?"
3Jesus replied, "Haven’t you read what David and his companions did when they were hungry? 4 He broke the Law by going into God’s house and eating the bread of the presence, which only the priests can eat. He also gave some of the bread to his companions." 5Then he said to them, "The Human One#Or Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath."
6On another Sabbath, Jesus entered a synagogue to teach. A man was there whose right hand was withered. 7The legal experts and the Pharisees were watching him closely to see if he would heal on the Sabbath. They were looking for a reason to bring charges against him. 8Jesus knew their thoughts, so he said to the man with the withered hand, "Get up and stand in front of everyone." He got up and stood there. 9Jesus said to the legal experts and Pharisees, "Here’s a question for you: Is it legal on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to destroy it?" 10Looking around at them all, he said to the man, "Stretch out your hand." So he did and his hand was made healthy. 11They were furious and began talking with each other about what to do to Jesus.
Jesus chooses apostles
12During that time, Jesus went out to the mountain to pray, and he prayed to God all night long. 13At daybreak, he called together his disciples. He chose twelve of them whom he called apostles: 14Simon, whom he named Peter; his brother Andrew; James; John; Philip; Bartholomew; 15Matthew; Thomas; James the son of Alphaeus; Simon, who was called a zealot; 16Judas the son of James; and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor.
Jesus’ popularity increases
17Jesus came down from the mountain with them and stood on a large area of level ground. A great company of his disciples and a huge crowd of people from all around Judea and Jerusalem and the area around Tyre and Sidon joined him there. 18They came to hear him and to be healed from their diseases, and those bothered by unclean spirits were healed. 19The whole crowd wanted to touch him, because power was going out from him and he was healing everyone.
Happy people and doomed people
20Jesus raised his eyes to his disciples and said:
“Happy are you who are poor,
because God’s kingdom is yours.
21Happy are you who hunger now,
because you will be satisfied.
Happy are you who weep now,
because you will laugh.
22Happy are you when people hate you, reject you, insult you, and condemn your name as evil because of the Human One.#Or Son of Man 23Rejoice when that happens! Leap for joy because you have a great reward in heaven. Their ancestors did the same things to the prophets.
24But how terrible for you who are rich,
because you have already received your comfort.
25How terrible for you who have plenty now,
because you will be hungry.
How terrible for you who laugh now,
because you will mourn and weep.
26How terrible for you when all speak well of you.
Their ancestors did the same things to the false prophets.
Behaving as God’s children
27“But I say to you who are willing to hear: Love your enemies. Do good to those who hate you. 28Bless those who curse you. Pray for those who mistreat you. 29If someone slaps you on the cheek, offer the other one as well. If someone takes your coat, don’t withhold your shirt either. 30Give to everyone who asks and don’t demand your things back from those who take them. 31Treat people in the same way that you want them to treat you.
32“If you love those who love you, why should you be commended? Even sinners love those who love them. 33If you do good to those who do good to you, why should you be commended? Even sinners do that. 34If you lend to those from whom you expect repayment, why should you be commended? Even sinners lend to sinners expecting to be paid back in full. 35Instead, love your enemies, do good, and lend expecting nothing in return. If you do, you will have a great reward. You will be acting the way children of the Most High act, for he is kind to ungrateful and wicked people. 36Be compassionate just as your Father is compassionate.
37"Don’t judge, and you won’t be judged. Don’t condemn, and you won’t be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven. 38 Give, and it will be given to you. A good portion—packed down, firmly shaken, and overflowing—will fall into your lap. The portion you give will determine the portion you receive in return."
39Jesus also told them a riddle. "A blind person can’t lead another blind person, right? Won’t they both fall into a ditch? 40 Disciples aren’t greater than their teacher, but whoever is fully prepared will be like their teacher. 41 Why do you see the splinter in your brother’s or sister’s eye but don’t notice the log in your own eye? 42 How can you say to your brother or sister, ‘Brother, Sister, let me take the splinter out of your eye,’ when you don’t see the log in your own eye? You deceive yourselves! First take the log out of your eye, and then you will see clearly to take the splinter out of your brother’s or sister’s eye.
43 “A good tree doesn’t produce bad fruit, nor does a bad tree produce good fruit. 44 Each tree is known by its own fruit. People don’t gather figs from thorny plants, nor do they pick grapes from prickly bushes. 45 A good person produces good from the good treasury of the inner self, while an evil person produces evil from the evil treasury of the inner self. The inner self overflows with words that are spoken.
46"Why do you call me ‘Lord, Lord’ and don’t do what I say? 47 I’ll show what it’s like when someone comes to me, hears my words, and puts them into practice. 48 It’s like a person building a house by digging deep and laying the foundation on bedrock. When the flood came, the rising water smashed against that house, but the water couldn’t shake the house because it was well built. 49 But those who don’t put into practice what they hear are like a person who built a house without a foundation. The floodwater smashed against it and it collapsed instantly. It was completely destroyed."