The Descendants of Judah
1Judah was the father of five sons: Perez, Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal. 2Shobal was the father of Reaiah, the grandfather of Jahath, and the great-grandfather of Ahumai and Lahad. These men all belonged to the Zorathite clan.
3-4Hur was the oldest son of Caleb and Ephrath. Some of his descendants settled the town of Bethlehem. Hur's other descendants included Etam, Penuel, and Ezer. Etam's sons#4.3,4 Etam's sons: Some manuscripts of one ancient translation; Hebrew “Etam's ancestors.” were Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash, and his daughter was Hazzelelponi. Penuel settled the town of Gedor, and Ezer settled the town of Hushah.
5Ashhur, who settled the town of Tekoa, had two wives: Helah and Naarah. 6Ashhur and Naarah were the parents of Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. 7Ashhur and Helah were the parents of Zereth, Izhar, and Ethnan.
8Koz, the father of Anub and Zobebah, was also the ancestor of the clans of Aharhel, the son of Harum.
9Jabez was a man who got his name because of the pain he caused his mother during birth.#4.9 Jabez … pain … birth: In Hebrew “Jabez” sounds like “pain.” But he was still the most respected son in his family. 10One day he prayed to Israel's God, “Please bless me and give me a lot of land. Be with me so I will be safe from harm.”#4.10 I … harm: Or “keep me from harm, so I won't cause any pain.” And God did just what Jabez had asked.
11Chelub was the brother of Shuhah and the father of Mehir. Later, Mehir had a son, Eshton, 12whose three sons were Bethrapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah. It was Tehinnah who settled the town of Nahash.#4.12 who settled the town of Nahash: Or “who was the father of Irnahash.” These men and their families lived in the town of Recah.
13Kenaz was the father of Othniel and Seraiah. Othniel had two sons: Hathath and Meonothai,#4.13 and Meonothai: Two ancient translations; these words are not in the Hebrew text. 14who was the father of Ophrah. Seraiah was the father of Joab, who settled a place called “Valley of Crafts”#4.14 Valley of Crafts: Hebrew “Geharashim.” because the people who lived there were experts in making things.
15Caleb son of Jephunneh had three sons: Iru, Elah, and Naam. Elah was the father of Kenaz.
16Jehallelel was the father of Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel.
17-18Ezrah was the father of Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. Mered was married to Bithiah the daughter of the king of Egypt. They had a daughter named Miriam and two sons: Shammai and Ishbah. It was Ishbah who settled the town of Eshtemoa. Mered was also married to a woman from the tribe of Judah, and their sons were Jered, Heber, and Jekuthiel. Jered settled the town of Gedor; Heber settled the town of Soco; and Jekuthiel settled the town of Zanoah.
19A man named Hodiah was married to the sister of Naham. Hodiah's descendants included Keilah of the Garmite clan and Eshtemoa of the Maacathite clan.
20Shimon was the father of Amnon, Rinnah, Benhanan, and Tilon.
Ishi was the father of Zoheth and Benzoheth.
21-22Judah also had a son named Shelah, whose descendants included Jokim and the people of the town of Cozeba, as well as Er who settled the town of Lecah and Laadah who settled the town of Mareshah. The people who lived in Beth-Ashbea were also descendants of Shelah, and they were experts in weaving cloth. Shelah was the ancestor of Joash and Saraph, two men who married Moabite women and then settled near Bethlehem#4.21,22 who married Moabite women and then settled near Bethlehem: Or “who ruled in Moab and Jashubi-Lahem” or “who ruled in Moab but then returned to Lehem.”—but these family records are very old. 23The members of these clans were the potters who lived in the towns of Netaim and Gederah and worked for the king.
The Descendants of Simeon
24Simeon had five sons: Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, and Shaul. 25The descendants of Shaul included his son Shallum, his grandson Mibsam, and his great-grandson Mishma. 26The descendants of Mishma included his son Hammuel, his grandson Zaccur, and his great-grandson Shimei. 27Shimei had 16 sons and 6 daughters. But his brothers did not have as many children, so the Simeon tribe was smaller than the Judah tribe.
28-31 # Js 19.2-8 Before David became king, the people of the Simeon tribe lived in the following towns: Beersheba, Moladah, Hazar-Shual, Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, Beth-Marcaboth, Hazarsusim, Bethbiri, and Shaaraim. 32They also lived in the five villages of Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan, 33as well as in the nearby villages as far as the town of Baal. These are the places where Simeon's descendants had settled, according to their own family records.
34-38As their families and clans became larger, the people of Simeon had the following leaders: Meshobab, Jamlech, Joshah son of Amaziah, Joel, Jehu,#4.34-38 Jehu: Hebrew “Jehu son of Joshibiah son of Seraiah son of Asiel.” Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah, and Ziza.#4.34-38 Ziza: Hebrew “Ziza son of Shiphi son of Allon son of Jedaiah son of Shimri son of Shemaiah.” 39When the people needed more pastureland for their flocks and herds, they looked as far as the eastern side of the valley where the town of Gerar#4.39 Gerar: One ancient translation; Hebrew “Gedor.” is located, 40and they found a lot of good pastureland that was quiet and undisturbed. This had once belonged to the Hamites, 41but when Hezekiah was king of Judah, the descendants of Simeon attacked and forced the Hamites and Meunites off the land, then settled there.
42Some time later, 500 men from the Simeon tribe went into Edom#4.42 Edom: The Hebrew text has “Mount Seir,” a common name for the nation of Edom. under the command of Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah, and Uzziel the sons of Ishi. 43They killed the last of the Amalekites and lived there from then on.