1You were a healthy vine
covered with grapes.
But the more grapes you grew,
the more altars you built;
the better off you became,
the better shrines you set up
for pagan gods.
2You are deceitful and disloyal.
So you will pay
for your sins,
because the Lord will destroy
your altars and images.
3“We don't have a king,”
you will say.
“We don't fear the Lord.
And what good are kings?”
4Israel, you break treaties
and don't keep promises;
you turn justice
into poisonous weeds
where healthy plants should grow.#10.4 you turn … grow: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text.
5All who live in Samaria tremble
with concern for the idols#10.5 idols: The Hebrew text has “calves”, referring to the idols made in the shape of calves.
at sinful Bethel.#10.5 sinful Bethel: See the note at 4.15.
The idol there was the pride
of the priests,
but it has been put to shame;
now everyone will cry.
6It will be taken to Assyria
and given to the great king.
Then Israel will be disgraced
for worshipping that idol.
7Like a twig in a stream,
the king of Samaria
will be swept away.
8 # Luke 23.30Rev 6.16 The altars at sinful Bethel
will be destroyed
for causing Israel to sin;
they will be overgrown
with thorns and thistles.
Then everyone will beg
the mountains and hills
to cover and protect them.
The Lord promises to punish Israel
9 # Judg 19.1–30 Israel, you have never
stopped sinning#10.9 never stopped sinning: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text.
since that time at Gibeah.#10.9 Gibeah: See the note at 9.9.
That's why you
will be attacked at Gibeah.#10.9 That's why … Gibeah: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text.
10Your sins have doubled,
and you are rebellious.
Now I have decided
to send nations to attack
and put you in chains.
11Once you were obedient
like a calf
that loved to thresh grain.
But I will put a harness
on your powerful neck;
you and Judah must plough
and cultivate the ground.
12 # Jer 4.3 Plough your fields,
scatter seeds of justice,
and harvest faithfulness.
Worship me, the Lord,
and I will send my saving power
down like rain.
13You have planted evil,
harvested injustice, and eaten
the fruit of your lies.
You trusted your own strength
and your powerful forces.
14So war will break out,
and your fortresses
will be destroyed.
Your enemies will do to you
what Shalman#10.14 Shalman: Perhaps a Moabite king, also known as Salamanu. did to the people
of Beth-Arbel—
mothers and their children
will be beaten to death
against rocks.
15Bethel, this will be your fate
because of your evil.
Israel, at dawn your king
will be killed.
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