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A law about divorce
Moses said to Israel:
1 # Matt 5.31Matt 19.7Mark 10.4 Suppose a woman was divorced by her first husband because he found something disgraceful about her.#24.1 something disgraceful about her: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. He wrote out divorce papers, gave them to her, and sent her away. 2Later she married another man, 3who then either divorced her in the same way or died. 4Since she has slept with her second husband, she cannot marry her first husband again. Their marriage would pollute the land that the Lord your God is giving you, and he would be disgusted.
Newlyweds
Moses said to Israel:
5If a man and a woman have been married less than one year, he must not be sent off to war or sent away to do forced labour. He must be allowed to stay home for a year and be happy with his wife.
Loans
Moses said to Israel:
6When you lend money to people, you are allowed to keep something of theirs as a guarantee that they will pay back the loan. But don't take one or both of their millstones, or else they may starve. They need these stones for grinding grain into flour to make bread.
Kidnapping
Moses said to Israel:
7 # Exod 21.16 If you are guilty of kidnapping Israelites and forcing them into slavery, you will be put to death to remove this evil from the community.
Skin diseases
Moses said to Israel:
8 # Lev 13.1—14.54 I have told the priests#24.8 the priests: See the note at 17.8–12. what to do if any of you have leprosy,#24.8 leprosy: The word “leprosy” was used for many different kinds of skin diseases. so do exactly what they say. 9#Num 12.10And remember what the Lord your God did to Miriam#24.9 what the Lord your God did to Miriam: See Numbers 12.1–16. after you left Egypt.
Loans
Moses said to Israel:
10 # Exod 22.2627 When you lend money to people, you are allowed to keep something of theirs as a guarantee that the money will be paid back. But you must not go into their house to get it. 11Wait outside, and they will bring out the item you have agreed on.
12Suppose someone is so poor that a coat is the only thing that can be offered as a guarantee on a loan. Don't keep the coat overnight. 13Instead, give it back before sunset, so the owner can keep warm and sleep and ask the Lord to bless you. Then the Lord your God will notice that you have done the right thing.
Poor people's wages
Moses said:
14 # Lev 19.13 If you hire poor people to work for you, don't hold back their pay,#24.14 don't hold back their pay: The Dead Sea Scrolls; the Standard Hebrew Text “treat them right”. whether they are Israelites or foreigners who live in your town. 15Pay them their wages at the end of each day, because they live in poverty and need the money to survive. If you don't pay them on time, they will complain about you to the Lord, and he will punish you.
The death penalty
Moses said to Israel:
16 # 2 King 14.62 Chron 25.4Ezek 18.20 Parents must not be put to death for crimes committed by their children, and children must not be put to death for crimes committed by their parents. Don't put anyone to death for someone else's crime.
Don't ill-treat the powerless
Moses said to Israel:
17 # Exod 23.9Lev 19.3334Deut 27.19 Make sure that orphans and foreigners are treated fairly. And if you lend money to a widow and want to keep something of hers to guarantee that she will pay you back, don't take any of her clothes. 18You were slaves in Egypt until the Lord your God rescued you. That's why I am giving you these laws.
Leave some of your harvest for the poor
Moses said to Israel:
19 # Lev 19.910Lev 23.22 If you forget to bring in a stack of harvested grain, don't go back in the field to get it. Leave it for the poor, including foreigners, orphans, and widows, and the Lord will make you successful in everything you do.
20When you harvest your olives, don't try to get them all for yourself, but leave some for the poor. 21And when you pick your grapes, go over the vines only once, then let the poor have what is left. 22You lived in poverty as slaves in Egypt until the Lord your God rescued you. That's why I am giving you these laws.
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