King Ahaz of Judah
(2 Chronicles 28.1–27)
1Ahaz son of Jotham became king of Judah in the seventeenth year of Pekah's rule in Israel. 2He was twenty years old at the time, and he ruled from Jerusalem for sixteen years.
Ahaz wasn't like his ancestor David. Instead, he disobeyed the Lord 3#Deut 12.31and was even more sinful than the kings of Israel. He sacrificed his own son, which was a disgusting custom of the nations that the Lord had forced out of Israel. 4Ahaz offered sacrifices at the local shrines, as well as on every hill and in the shade of large trees.
5-6 # Isa 7.1 While Ahaz was ruling Judah, the king of Edom recaptured the town of Elath from Judah and forced out the people of Judah. Edomites#16.5,6 the king of Edom … Edomites: The Hebrew text has “King Rezin of Syria … Syrians”; in Hebrew, there is only one letter difference between “Edom” and “Aram”, which is the usual Hebrew name for Syria in the Bible (see also 2 Chronicles 28.17). then moved into Elath, and they still live there.
About the same time, King Rezin of Syria and King Pekah of Israel marched to Jerusalem and attacked, but they could not capture it.
7Ahaz sent a message to King Tiglath Pileser of Assyria that said, “Your Majesty, King Rezin and King Pekah are attacking me, your loyal servant. Please come and rescue me.” 8Along with the message, Ahaz sent silver and gold from the Lord's temple and from the palace treasury as a gift for the Assyrian king.
9As soon as Tiglath Pileser received the message, he and his troops marched to Syria. He captured the capital city of Damascus, then he took the people living there to the town of Kir as prisoners and killed King Rezin.#16.9 King Rezin: This probably took place around 734 bc, before the events in 15.29.
10Later, Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath Pileser. And while Ahaz was there, he saw an altar and sent a model of it back to Uriah the priest, along with the plans for building one. 11Uriah followed the plans and built an altar exactly like the one in Damascus, finishing it just before Ahaz came back.
12When Ahaz returned, he went to see the altar and to offer sacrifices on it. He walked up to the altar 13and poured wine over it. Then he offered sacrifices to please the Lord, to give him thanks, and to ask for his blessings.#16.13 offered … blessings: In traditional translations, these sacrifices are usually called “whole burnt offerings”, “grain offerings”, and “peace offerings”. These are described in Leviticus 1–3. 14#Exod 27.122 Chron 4.1After that, he had the bronze altar moved aside,#16.14 aside: Hebrew “to the north”. so his new altar would be right in front of the Lord's temple. 15He told Uriah the priest:
From now on, the morning and evening sacrifices as well as all gifts of grain and wine are to be offered on this altar. The sacrifices for the people and for the king must also be offered here. Sprinkle the blood from all the sacrifices on it, but leave the bronze altar for me to use for prayer and finding out what God wants me to do.
16Uriah did everything Ahaz told him.
17 # 1 King 7.23–392 Chron 4.2–6 Ahaz also had the side panels and the small bowls taken off the moveable stands in the Lord's temple. He had the large bronze bowl, called the Sea, removed from the bronze bulls on which it rested and had it placed on a stand made of stone. 18He took down the special tent that was used for worship on the Sabbath#16.18 the special tent … Sabbath: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. and closed up the private entrance that the kings of Judah used for going into the temple. He did all these things to please Tiglath Pileser.
19Everything else Ahaz did while he was king is written in The History of the Kings of Judah. 20#Isa 14.28Ahaz died and was buried beside his ancestors in Jerusalem,#16.20 Jerusalem: See the note at 8.24. and his son Hezekiah became king.