Descendants of Adam until the time of King Saul
The descendants of Adam
(Genesis 5.1–32; 10.1–32; 11.10–32)
1-4Adam was the father of Seth, and his descendants were Enosh, Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared, Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, and Noah, who had three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
5Japheth was the father of Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras, and they were the ancestors of the kingdoms named after them. 6Gomer was the ancestor of Ashkenaz, Riphath,#1.6 Riphath: Most Hebrew manuscripts and two ancient translations (see also Genesis 10.2–5); some Hebrew manuscripts “Diphath”. In Hebrew the letters “d” and “r” look almost exactly the same. and Togarmah. 7Javan was the ancestor of Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.#1.7 Dodanim: Most Hebrew manuscripts and one ancient translation (see also Genesis 10.2–5); some Hebrew manuscripts “Rodanim”. In Hebrew the letters “d” and “r” look almost exactly the same.
8Ham was the father of Ethiopia,#1.8 Ethiopia: The Hebrew text has “Cush”, which was a region south of Egypt that included parts of the present countries of Ethiopia and Sudan. Egypt, Put, and Canaan, and they were the ancestors of the kingdoms named after them. 9Ethiopia was the ancestor of Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raamah, and Sabteca. Raamah was the ancestor of Sheba and Dedan. 10Ethiopia was also the father of Nimrod, the world's first mighty warrior. 11Egypt was the ancestor of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, 12Pathrusim, Casluhim, and Caphtorim, the ancestor of the Philistines.#1.12 Casluhim, and Caphtorim, the ancestor of the Philistines: The Hebrew text has “Casluhim, the ancestor of the Philistines, and Caphtorim”; but see Jeremiah 47.4 and Amos 9.7. 13Canaan's eldest son was Sidon; his other son was Heth. 14-16Canaan was also the ancestor of the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, the Hivites, and Arkites, the Sinites, the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites.
17Shem was the ancestor of Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, Aram, Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech;#1.17 Meshech: Most Hebrew manuscripts; a few Hebrew manuscripts and some manuscripts of one ancient translation “Mash” (see also Genesis 10.21–31). they were the ancestors of the kingdoms named after them. 18Arpachshad was Shelah's father and Eber's grandfather. 19Eber named his first son Peleg,#1.19 Peleg: In Hebrew “Peleg” means “divided”. because in his time the earth was divided into tribal regions. Eber's second son was Joktan, 20-23the ancestor of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Ebal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab.
24-27Shem's descendants included Arpachshad, Shelah, Eber, Peleg, Reu, Serug, Nahor, Terah, and Abram, later renamed Abraham.
28Abraham was the father of Isaac and Ishmael.
29-31Ishmael had twelve sons, who were born in the following order: Nebaioth, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah.
32Abraham and his slave woman Keturah had six sons: Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. Jokshan was the father of Sheba and Dedan. 33Midian was the father of Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah.
34Abraham's son Isaac was the father of Esau and Jacob.#1.34 Jacob: The Hebrew text has “Israel”, which was Jacob's name after God renamed him. 35Esau was the father of Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. 36Eliphaz was the father of Teman, Omar, Zephi, Gatam, Kenaz, Timna, and Amalek. 37Reuel was the father of Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.
The first Edomites and their kings
38Seir was the father of Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. 39Lotan was the father of Hori and Homam; Lotan's sister was Timna. 40Shobal was the father of Alvan,#1.40 Alvan: Or “Alian”. Manahath, Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. Zibeon was the father of Aiah and Anah.
41Anah was the father of Dishon and the grandfather of Hemdan,#1.41 Hemdan: Most Hebrew manuscripts and some manuscripts of one ancient translation (see also Genesis 36.26); other Hebrew manuscripts “Hamran”. Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran. 42Ezer was the father of Bilhan, Zaavan, and Jaakan.#1.42 Jaakan: Or “Akan” (see Genesis 36.27). Dishan#1.42 Dishan: The Hebrew text has “Dishon”, another spelling of the name (see Genesis 36.28). was the father of Uz and Aran.
43Before kings ruled in Israel, Bela son of Beor ruled the country of Edom from its capital of Dinhabah. 44After Bela's death, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah became king. 45After Jobab's death, Husham from the land of Teman became king. 46After Husham's death, Hadad son of Bedad became king and ruled from Avith. Earlier, Bedad had defeated the Midianites in the territory of Moab. 47After Hadad's death, Samlah from Masrekah became king; 48after Samlah's death, Shaul from the town of Rehoboth on the River Euphrates became king; 49and after Shaul's death, Baal Hanan son of Achbor became king. 50After Baal Hanan's death, Hadad ruled from Pai. His wife was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred and granddaughter of Mezahab.
51The Edomite clans#1.51 The Edomite clans: Or “The leaders of the Edomite clans”. were Timna, Alvah,#1.51 Alvah: Or “Aliah”. Jetheth, 52Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, 53Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, 54Magdiel, and Iram.