A Plague against Livestock
1“Go back to Pharaoh,” the lord commanded Moses. “Tell him, ‘This is what the lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so they can worship me. 2If you continue to hold them and refuse to let them go, 3the hand of the lord will strike all your livestock—your horses, donkeys, camels, cattle, sheep, and goats—with a deadly plague. 4But the lord will again make a distinction between the livestock of the Israelites and that of the Egyptians. Not a single one of Israel’s animals will die! 5The lord has already set the time for the plague to begin. He has declared that he will strike the land tomorrow.’”
6And the lord did just as he had said. The next morning all the livestock of the Egyptians died, but the Israelites didn’t lose a single animal. 7Pharaoh sent his officials to investigate, and they discovered that the Israelites had not lost a single animal! But even so, Pharaoh’s heart remained stubborn,# Hebrew heavy. and he still refused to let the people go.
A Plague of Festering Boils
8Then the lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot from a brick kiln, and have Moses toss it into the air while Pharaoh watches. 9The ashes will spread like fine dust over the whole land of Egypt, causing festering boils to break out on people and animals throughout the land.”
10So they took soot from a brick kiln and went and stood before Pharaoh. As Pharaoh watched, Moses threw the soot into the air, and boils broke out on people and animals alike. 11Even the magicians were unable to stand before Moses, because the boils had broken out on them and all the Egyptians. 12But the lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and just as the lord had predicted to Moses, Pharaoh refused to listen.
A Plague of Hail
13Then the lord said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh. Tell him, ‘This is what the lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: Let my people go, so they can worship me. 14If you don’t, I will send more plagues on you# Hebrew on your heart. and your officials and your people. Then you will know that there is no one like me in all the earth. 15By now I could have lifted my hand and struck you and your people with a plague to wipe you off the face of the earth. 16But I have spared you for a purpose—to show you my power# Greek version reads to display my power in you; compare Rom 9:17. and to spread my fame throughout the earth. 17But you still lord it over my people and refuse to let them go. 18So tomorrow at this time I will send a hailstorm more devastating than any in all the history of Egypt. 19Quick! Order your livestock and servants to come in from the fields to find shelter. Any person or animal left outside will die when the hail falls.’”
20Some of Pharaoh’s officials were afraid because of what the lord had said. They quickly brought their servants and livestock in from the fields. 21But those who paid no attention to the word of the lord left theirs out in the open.
22Then the lord said to Moses, “Lift your hand toward the sky so hail may fall on the people, the livestock, and all the plants throughout the land of Egypt.”
23So Moses lifted his staff toward the sky, and the lord sent thunder and hail, and lightning flashed toward the earth. The lord sent a tremendous hailstorm against all the land of Egypt. 24Never in all the history of Egypt had there been a storm like that, with such devastating hail and continuous lightning. 25It left all of Egypt in ruins. The hail struck down everything in the open field—people, animals, and plants alike. Even the trees were destroyed. 26The only place without hail was the region of Goshen, where the people of Israel lived.
27Then Pharaoh quickly summoned Moses and Aaron. “This time I have sinned,” he confessed. “The lord is the righteous one, and my people and I are wrong. 28Please beg the lord to end this terrifying thunder and hail. We’ve had enough. I will let you go; you don’t need to stay any longer.”
29“All right,” Moses replied. “As soon as I leave the city, I will lift my hands and pray to the lord. Then the thunder and hail will stop, and you will know that the earth belongs to the lord. 30But I know that you and your officials still do not fear the lord God.”
31(All the flax and barley were ruined by the hail, because the barley had formed heads and the flax was budding. 32But the wheat and the emmer wheat were spared, because they had not yet sprouted from the ground.)
33So Moses left Pharaoh’s court and went out of the city. When he lifted his hands to the lord, the thunder and hail stopped, and the downpour ceased. 34But when Pharaoh saw that the rain, hail, and thunder had stopped, he and his officials sinned again, and Pharaoh again became stubborn.# Hebrew made his heart heavy. 35Because his heart was hard, Pharaoh refused to let the people leave, just as the lord had predicted through Moses.