David enrols the fighting men
1Again the anger of the Lord burned against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, ‘Go and take a census of Israel and Judah.’
2So the king said to Joab and the army commanders# with him, ‘Go throughout the tribes of Israel from Dan to Beersheba and enrol the fighting men, so that I may know how many there are.’
3But Joab replied to the king, ‘May the Lord your God multiply the troops a hundred times over, and may the eyes of my Lord the king see it. But why does my lord the king want to do such a thing?’
4The king’s word, however, overruled Joab and the army commanders; so they left the presence of the king to enrol the fighting men of Israel.
5After crossing the Jordan, they camped near Aroer, south of the town in the gorge, and then went through Gad and on to Jazer. 6They went to Gilead and the region of Tahtim Hodshi, and on to Dan Jaan and around towards Sidon. 7Then they went towards the fortress of Tyre and all the towns of the Hivites and Canaanites. Finally, they went on to Beersheba in the Negev of Judah.
8After they had gone through the entire land, they came back to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days.
9Joab reported the number of the fighting men to the king: in Israel there were eight hundred thousand able-bodied men who could handle a sword, and in Judah five hundred thousand.
10David was conscience-stricken after he had counted the fighting men, and he said to the Lord, ‘I have sinned greatly in what I have done. Now, Lord, I beg you, take away the guilt of your servant. I have done a very foolish thing.’
11Before David got up the next morning, the word of the Lord had come to Gad the prophet, David’s seer: 12‘Go and tell David, “This is what the Lord says: I am giving you three options. Choose one of them for me to carry out against you.” ’
13So Gad went to David and said to him, ‘Shall there come on you three# years of famine in your land? Or three months of fleeing from your enemies while they pursue you? Or three days of plague in your land? Now then, think it over and decide how I should answer the one who sent me.’
14David said to Gad, ‘I am in deep distress. Let us fall into the hands of the Lord, for his mercy is great; but do not let me fall into human hands.’
15So the Lord sent a plague on Israel from that morning until the end of the time designated, and seventy thousand of the people from Dan to Beersheba died. 16When the angel stretched out his hand to destroy Jerusalem, the Lord relented concerning the disaster and said to the angel who was afflicting the people, ‘Enough! Withdraw your hand.’ The angel of the Lord was then at the threshing-floor of Araunah the Jebusite.
17When David saw the angel who was striking down the people, he said to the Lord, ‘I have sinned; I, the shepherd,# have done wrong. These are but sheep. What have they done? Let your hand fall on me and my family.’
David builds an altar
18On that day Gad went to David and said to him, ‘Go up and build an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.’ 19So David went up, as the Lord had commanded through Gad. 20When Araunah looked and saw the king and his officials coming towards him, he went out and bowed down before the king with his face to the ground.
21Araunah said, ‘Why has my lord the king come to his servant?’
‘To buy your threshing-floor,’ David answered, ‘so that I can build an altar to the Lord, that the plague on the people may be stopped.’
22Araunah said to David, ‘Let my lord the king take whatever he wishes and offer it up. Here are oxen for the burnt offering, and here are threshing-sledges and ox yokes for the wood. 23Your Majesty, Araunah# gives all this to the king.’ Araunah also said to him, ‘May the Lord your God accept you.’
24But the king replied to Araunah, ‘No, I insist on paying you for it. I will not sacrifice to the Lord my God burnt offerings that cost me nothing.’
So David bought the threshing-floor and the oxen and paid fifty shekels# of silver for them. 25David built an altar to the Lord there and sacrificed burnt offerings and fellowship offerings. Then the Lord answered his prayer on behalf of the land, and the plague on Israel was stopped.
Footnotes for the Book of 2 Samuel
a 16 Helkath Hazzurim means field of daggers or field of hostilities.
b 29 See Septuagint; the meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.
a 8 Or are hated by David
b 9 Or the Millo
c 20 Baal Perazim means the lord who breaks out.
d 25 Septuagint (see also 1 Chron. 14:16); Hebrew Geba
a 11 Traditionally judges
b 16 Some Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts you
c 19 Or for the human race
d 23 See Septuagint and 1 Chron. 17:21; Hebrew wonders for your land and before your people, whom you redeemed from Egypt, from the nations and their gods.
a 11 Septuagint; Hebrew my
a 11 Or staying at Sukkoth
b 21 Also known as Jerub-Baal (that is, Gideon)
a 18 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain; also in verse 19.
b 34 Septuagint; Hebrew does not have this sentence.
a 7 Some Septuagint manuscripts, Syriac and Josephus; Hebrew forty
b 8 Some Septuagint manuscripts; Hebrew does not have in Hebron.
c 20 Septuagint; Hebrew May kindness and faithfulness be with you
a 3 Two Hebrew manuscripts, some Septuagint manuscripts and Vulgate; most Hebrew manuscripts care; for now there are ten thousand like us
b 11 That is, about 115 grams
c 12 That is, about 12 kilograms
d 12 A few Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts may be translated Absalom, whoever you may be.
e 13 Or Otherwise, if I had acted treacherously towards him
f 23 That is, the plain of the Jordan
g 33 In Hebrew texts this verse (18:33) is numbered 19:1.
a 6 Or and do us serious injury
b 14 See Septuagint and Vulgate; Hebrew Berites.
c 24 Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Kings 4:6 and 5:14); Hebrew Adoram
d 26 Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac (see also 23:38) Ithrite
a 3 Or sovereign
b 3 Horn here symbolises strength.
c 8 Hebrew; Vulgate and Syriac (see also Psalm 18:7) mountains
d 11 Many Hebrew manuscripts (see also Psalm 18:10); most Hebrew manuscripts appeared
e 12 Septuagint (see also Psalm 18:11); Hebrew massed
f 25 Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate (see also Psalm 18:24) to the cleanness of my hands
g 30 Or can run through a barricade
h 33 Dead Sea Scrolls, some Septuagint manuscripts, Vulgate and Syriac (see also Psalm 18:32); Masoretic Text who is my strong refuge
i 36 Dead Sea Scrolls; Masoretic Text shield; / you stoop down to make
j 46 Some Septuagint manuscripts and Vulgate (see also Psalm 18:45); Masoretic Text they arm themselves
a 2 Septuagint (see also verse 4 and 1 Chron. 21:2); Hebrew Joab the army commander
b 13 Septuagint (see also 1 Chron. 21:12); Hebrew seven
c 17 Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint; Masoretic Text does not have the shepherd.
d 23 Some Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts King Araunah
e 24 That is, about 575 grams