Psalms 31:11 NET [abbreviation] brought to you by [publisher] Learn more



11 Because of all my enemies, people disdain me;#tn Heb “because of all my enemies I am a reproach.”my neighbors are appalled by my suffering#tc Heb “and to my neighbors, exceedingly.” If the MT is retained, then these words probably go with what precedes. However the syntactical awkwardness of the text suggests it is textually corrupt. P. C. Craigie (Psalms 1-50 [WBC], 258) suggests that the initial mem (מ) on מְאֹד (me’od, “exceedingly”) be understood as an enclitic mem (ם) which was originally suffixed to the preceding form and then later misinterpreted. The resulting form אֵד (’ed) can then be taken as a defectively written form of אֵיד (’ed, “calamity”). If one follows this emendation, then the text reads literally, “and to my neighbors [I am one who experiences] calamity.” The noun פַחַד (fakhad, “[object of] horror”) occurs in the next line; אֵיד and פַחַד appear in parallelism elsewhere (see Prov 1:26-27).those who know me are horrified by my condition;#tn Heb “and [an object of ] horror to those known by me.”those who see me in the street run away from me.