Ephesians 1 is a beautiful introduction to how we have received every spiritual blessing in Christ Jesus. We have been adopted to sonship, we have been chosen, forgiven and redeemed. We have been marked with a seal and given the Holy Spirit as a down payment of our inheritance.
1:1-2 The Author and the Audience. Paul starts by addressing those who are “in Christ”: all the believers in Ephesus.
Author: the Apostle Paul:
- Formerly, "Saul of Tarsus," the persecutor of the church -- Acts 9:1-2
- An Apostle of Jesus by the will of God
- The Book of Ephesians bears the name of Paul (1:1; 3:1), and it sets forth many of Pauline themes, such as Justification by faith (2:1-10) and the body of Christ (4:15-16).
Ephesians is primarily written to Gentile (non-Jewish) followers of Christ (calls them saints and faithful in Christ)--likely the church in Ephesus. The story of the church plant is recorded in Acts 19 and 20
It was an important gulf city, a crucial export center, they had sea trade, 3 main routes converged there; it had the great Temple of Artemis/Diana (1 of the 7 wonders of the ancient world). It was wealthy, politically influential, & a very pagan city