Let’s talk about Christian fasting for a few moments. The motive for fasting is primary to whether the Lord accepts your fast; you want to worship the Lord and draw closer to Him through your fast. Whitney says, “Without a spiritual purpose for your fast it’s just a weight-loss fast.” Maybe you have never tried to fast and therefore you have a feeling that abstaining from food would be too hard for you, in reality how could you go without the proper amount of food daily. Americans are so food conscious that missing a meal makes you feel like you are going to starve to death. It is difficult but not impossible to miss meals when you have a spiritual purpose for the fast. God calls us to abstain from food for a time to focus on Him and your relationship with Him. There are other kinds of fasts that I will speak of in a minute but your primary purpose is to draw closer to the Lord for Him to do in your life what He desires. There is not real fasting without prayer. For when you are experiencing the pangs of hunger you are seeking to grow closer through prayer to the Lord. You can’t do this alone without the help of the Holy Spirit, so all the fasting must be done as the Holy Spirit leads you and sustains you throughout the fast for God’s purpose in your life.
When talking about fasting we can see there are categories of fasting. There is a normal fast, which involves “abstaining from all food, solid or liquid, but not from water.” In Luke 4:2, “...where for forty days he was tempted by the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and at the end of them he was hungry,” we see the fast of Jesus in the desert, when He was through He was hungry but not thirsty. Scholars say that during His 40 days He went without food but not water.
“A partial fast is described; that there is a restriction of diet but not total abstention.” We see this type of fast in Daniel 1:8-16,