1One Sabbath Jesus was going through the grain fields, and his disciples began to pick some heads of grain, rub them in their hands and eat the kernels.
2Some of the Pharisees asked, “Why are you doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?”
1Moses assembled the whole Israelite community and said to them, “These are the things the Lord has commanded you to do:
2For six days, work is to be done, but the seventh day shall be your holy day, a day of sabbath rest to the Lord. Whoever does any work on it is to be put to death.
3Do not light a fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath day.”
(Some random views on the Sabbath)
The Law of the Sabbath
In every dispensation the Lord has commanded His people to “remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy” (Exodus 20:8). Many promises and blessings are extended to those who keep the law of the Sabbath. For example, in the days of Jeremiah, the Lord promised to spare Jerusalem and its inhabitants if they would keep the Sabbath (see Jeremiah 17:20–27). In our day the Lord has promised us the “fullness of the earth” if we will obey this commandment (D&C 59:16).
The 39 Prohibited Activities
As based on the Mishnah Tractate Shabbat 7:2, the 39 activities are:
Making two loops
Weaving two threads
Separating two threads
Cutting hide to shape
Writing two or more letters
Erasing two or more letters
Extinguishing a fire
Kindling a fire
Putting the finishing touch on an object
Transporting an object between a private domain and the public domain, or for a distance of 4 cubits within the public domain.
The 39 categories of activity prohibited on Shabbat can be divided into four groups.
The first 11 categories are activities required to bake bread.
The next 13 categories are activities required to make a garment.
The next 9 categories are activities required to make leather.
The final 6 categories are activities required to build a structure or building.
The following activities are encouraged on Shabbat:
Spending Shabbat together with one's own immediate family;
Temple attendance for prayers;
Visiting family and friends (within walking distance);
Hosting guests (hachnasat orchim, "hospitality");
Singing zemirot, special songs for the Shabbat.
Reading, studying and discussing Torah and commentary, Mishnah and Talmud,learning some Halakha and Midrash.
According to Reform Judaism "one should avoid one's normal occupation or profession on Shabbat whenever possible and engage only in those types of activities that enhance the joy, rest, and holiness of the day."
3Jesus answered them, “Have you never read what David did when he and his companions were hungry?
4He entered the house of God, and taking the consecrated bread, he ate what is lawful only for priests to eat. And he also gave some to his companions.” (David a type of christ)
5Then Jesus said to them, “The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.”
(Remember this verse!)
6On another Sabbath he went into the synagogue and was teaching, and a man was there whose right hand was shriveled.
7The Pharisees and the teachers of the law were looking for a reason to accuse Jesus, so they watched him closely to see if he would heal on the Sabbath. (looking for a reason to accuse Jesus)
8But Jesus knew what they were thinking and said to the man with the shriveled hand, “Get up and stand in front of everyone.” So he got up and stood there.
9Then Jesus said to them, “I ask you, which is lawful on the Sabbath: to do good or to do evil, to save life or to destroy it?”
10He looked around at them all, and then said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” He did so, and his hand was completely restored.
(See also Luke 14:5 ....ox or an ass fallen into a pit)
The idiom "Can't see the forest for the trees" could apply to many a Religious person or even a Christian!
11But the Pharisees and the teachers of the law were furious and began to discuss with one another what they might do to Jesus.
(what might you do to Jesus)