Old Covenant Ministry
1Now the first covenant also had regulations for ministry and an earthly sanctuary. 2For a tabernacle was set up, and in the first room, which is called the holy place, were the lampstand, the table, and the presentation loaves. #Ex 25:8-9|NoBook| 26:1Lv 24:5-8 3Behind the second curtain, the tabernacle was called the most holy place. #Ex 26:31-33|NoBook| 40:3 4It contained the gold altar of incense and the ark of the covenant, covered with gold on all sides, in which there was a gold jar containing the manna, Aaron’s staff that budded, and the tablets of the covenant. #Ex 16:33|NoBook| 25:1030:1-5Nm 17:10Dt 10:2 5The cherubim of glory were above it overshadowing the mercy seat. It is not possible to speak about these things in detail right now. #Ex 25:18-19Lv 16:2
6With these things set up this way, the priests enter the first room repeatedly, performing their ministry. #Nm 28:3 7But the high priest alone enters the second room, and he does that only once a year, and never without blood, which he offers for himself and for the sins of the people committed in ignorance. #Ex 30:10Lv 16:15Heb 5:3 8The Holy Spirit was making it clear that the way into the most holy place had not yet been disclosed while the first tabernacle was still standing. #Jn 14:6Heb 10:19-20 9This is a symbol for the present time, during which gifts and sacrifices are offered that cannot perfect the worshiper’s conscience. #Heb 5:1|NoBook| 7:19 10They are physical regulations and only deal with food, drink, and various washings imposed until the time of restoration. #Lv 11:2-3Col 2:16
New Covenant Ministry
11But the Messiah has appeared, high priest of the good things that have come. # Other mss read that are to come In the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands (that is, not of this creation #Heb 2:17|NoBook| 8:2|NoBook| 10:1), 12He entered the most holy place once for all, not by the blood of goats and calves, but by His own blood, having obtained eternal redemption. #Dn 9:24Heb 7:27|NoBook| 10:4 13For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a young cow, sprinkling those who are defiled, sanctify for the purification of the flesh, #Lv 16:14-15Nm 19:2 14how much more will the blood of the Messiah, who through the eternal Spirit #1Pt 3:181Jn 1:7 offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse our # Other mss read your consciences from dead works to serve the living God? #Ti 2:14Heb 6:1|NoBook| 10:2
15Therefore, He is the mediator #1Tm 2:5Heb 8:6|NoBook| 12:24 of a new covenant, # The Gk word used here and in vv. 15-18 can be translated covenant, will, or testament. #Jr 31:31-341Co 11:252Co 3:6Heb 7:22|NoBook| 8:8|NoBook| 13:20 so that those who are called might receive the promise #Gn 12:7Rm 8:28Gl 3:19Heb 4:1 of the eternal inheritance, because a death has taken place for redemption from the transgressions committed under the first covenant. #Rm 3:25|NoBook| 5:6 16Where a will exists, the death of the one who made it must be established. 17For a will is valid only when people die, since it is never in force while the one who made it is living. 18That is why even the first covenant was inaugurated with blood. 19For when every command had been proclaimed by Moses to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and goats, along with water, scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled the scroll itself and all the people, #Ex 24:6-8Lv 14:4-6 20saying, This is the blood of the covenant that God has commanded for you. #Ex 24:8Mt 26:28 # Ex 24:8 21In the same way, he sprinkled the tabernacle and all the articles of worship with blood. #Ex 29:12Lv 8:15 22According to the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness. #Lv 17:11
23Therefore it was necessary for the copies of the things in the heavens to be purified with these sacrifices, but the heavenly things themselves to be purified with better sacrifices than these. #Heb 8:5 24For the Messiah did not enter a sanctuary made with hands (only a model # Or antitype, or figure of the true one) but into heaven itself, so that He might now appear in the presence of God for us. #Rm 8:34Heb 7:25|NoBook| 8:2 25He did not do this to offer Himself many times, as the high priest enters the sanctuary yearly with the blood of another. #Heb 9:7|NoBook| 10:19 26Otherwise, He would have had to suffer many times since the foundation of the world. But now He has appeared one time, at the end of the ages, #Mt 24:3|NoBook| 28:201Co 10:11 for the removal of sin by the sacrifice of Himself. #Heb 4:3|NoBook| 7:27 27And just as it is appointed for people to die once — and after this, judgment #Gn 3:192Co 5:10 — 28so also the Messiah, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, #Is 53:121Pt 2:24 will appear a second time, #Mk 8:381Th 4:16 not to bear sin, but # Lit time, apart from sin, to bring salvation to those who are waiting for Him. #Mt 26:281Co 1:7Ti 2:13
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