Israel Gets Ready for War
1-3The Israelites called a meeting of the nation. And since they were God's people, the meeting was held at the place of worship in Mizpah. Men who could serve as soldiers came from everywhere in Israel—from Dan in the north, Beersheba in the south, and Gilead east of the Jordan River. Four hundred thousand of them came to Mizpah, and they each felt the same about what those men from the tribe of Benjamin had done.
News about the meeting at Mizpah reached the tribe of Benjamin.
As soon as the leaders of the tribes of Israel took their places, the Israelites said, “How could such a horrible thing happen?”
4The husband of the murdered woman answered:
My wife#20.4 wife: See the note at 8.31. and I went into the town of Gibeah in Benjamin to spend the night. 5Later that night, the men of Gibeah surrounded the house. They wanted to kill me, but instead they raped and killed my wife. 6It was a terrible thing for Israelites to do! So I cut up her body and sent the pieces everywhere in Israel.
7You are the people of Israel, and you must decide today what to do about the men of Gibeah.
8The whole army was in agreement, and they said, “None of us will go home. 9-10We'll send one tenth of the men from each tribe to get food for the army. And we'll ask God#20.9,10 ask God: The Hebrew text has “use lots to decide”; small pieces of wood or stone called “lots” were used to find out what God wanted his people to do. who should attack Gibeah, because those men#20.9,10 those men: One Hebrew manuscript and one ancient translation; The Standard Hebrew text “the men of Geba.” deserve to be punished for committing such a horrible crime in Israel.”
11Everyone agreed that Gibeah had to be punished.
12The tribes of Israel sent messengers to every town and village in Benjamin. And wherever the messengers went, they said, “How could those worthless men in Gibeah do such a disgusting thing? 13We can't allow such a terrible crime to go unpunished in Israel! Hand the men over to us, and we will put them to death.”
But the people of Benjamin refused to listen to the other Israelites. 14Men from towns all over Benjamin's territory went to Gibeah and got ready to fight Israel. 15The Benjamin tribe had 26,000 soldiers, not counting the 700 who were Gibeah's best warriors. 16In this army there were 700 left-handed experts who could sling a rock#20.16 sling a rock: By using a sling made from a leather strap. at a target the size of a hair and hit it every time.
17The other Israelite tribes organized their army and found they had 400,000 experienced soldiers. 18So they went to the place of worship at Bethel#20.18 place … Bethel: The Hebrew text has “beth-el,” which means “house of God.” This could refer to the town of Bethel, to the place of worship at Mizpah, or to the sacred tent at Shiloh (see 18.30,31). and asked God, “Which tribe should be the first to attack the people of Benjamin?”
“Judah,” the Lord answered.
19The next morning the Israelite army moved its camp to a place near Gibeah. 20Then they left their camp and got into position to attack the army of Benjamin.
The War Between Israel and Benjamin
21Benjamin's soldiers came out of Gibeah and attacked, and when the day was over, 22,000 Israelite soldiers lay dead on the ground.
22-24The people of Israel went to the place of worship and cried until sunset. Then they asked the Lord, “Should we attack the people of Benjamin again, even though they are our relatives?”
“Yes,” the Lord replied, “attack them again!”
The Israelite soldiers encouraged each other to be brave and to fight hard. Then the next day they went back to Gibeah and took up the same positions as they had before.
25That same day, Benjamin's soldiers came out of Gibeah and attacked, leaving another 18,000 Israelite soldiers dead on the battlefield.
26-28The people of Israel went to the place of worship at Bethel,#20.26-28 place … Bethel: The Hebrew text has “beth-el,” which means “house of God.” This could refer to the town of Bethel, to the place of worship at Mizpah, or to the sacred tent at Shiloh (see 18.30,31). where the sacred chest was being kept. They sat on the ground, crying and not eating for the rest of the day. Then about sunset, they offered sacrifices to please the Lord and to ask his blessing.#20.26-28 sacrifices … blessing: See Leviticus 1–3. Phinehas#20.26-28 Phinehas: Hebrew “Phinehas the son of Eleazar the son of Aaron.” the priest then prayed, “Our Lord, the people of Benjamin are our relatives. Should we stop fighting or attack them again?”
“Attack!” the Lord answered. “Tomorrow I will let you defeat them.”
29The Israelites surrounded Gibeah, but stayed where they could not be seen. 30Then the next day, they took the same positions as twice before, 31-41but this time they had a different plan. They said, “When the men of Benjamin attack, we will run off and let them chase us away from the town and into the country roads.”
The soldiers of Benjamin attacked the Israelite army and started pushing it back from the town. They killed about 30 Israelites in the fields and along the road between Gibeah and Bethel. The men of Benjamin were thinking, “We're mowing them down like we did before.”
The Israelites were running away, but they headed for Baal-Tamar, where they regrouped. They had set an ambush, and they were sure it would work. Ten thousand of Israel's best soldiers had been hiding west of Gibeah,#20.31-41 west of Gibeah: Three ancient translations; Hebrew “in a field at Geba.” and as soon as the men of Benjamin chased the Israelites into the countryside, these 10,000 soldiers made a surprise attack on the town gates. They dashed in and captured Gibeah, killing everyone there. Then they set the town on fire, because the smoke would be the signal for the other Israelite soldiers to turn and attack the soldiers of Benjamin.
The fighting had been so heavy around the soldiers of Benjamin, that they did not know the trouble they were in. But then they looked back and saw clouds of smoke rising from the town. They looked in front and saw the soldiers of Israel turning to attack. This terrified them, because they realized that something horrible was happening. And it was horrible—over 25,000#20.31-41 over 25,000: Hebrew “25,100.” soldiers of Benjamin died that day, and those who were left alive knew that the Lord had given Israel the victory.
42The men of Benjamin headed down the road toward the desert, trying to escape from the Israelites. But the Israelites stayed right behind them, keeping up their attack. Men even came out of the nearby towns to help kill the men of Benjamin, 43who were having to fight on all sides. The Israelite soldiers never let up their attack.#20.42,43 Men even came out … their attack: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. They chased and killed the warriors of Benjamin as far as a place directly east of Gibeah,#20.43 Gibeah: Or “Geba.” 44until 18,000 of these warriors lay dead.
45Some other warriors of Benjamin turned and ran down the road toward Rimmon Rock in the desert. The Israelites killed 5,000 of them on the road, then chased the rest until they had killed#20.45 until … killed: Or “as far as Gidom, killing.” 2,000 more. 46Twenty-five thousand soldiers of Benjamin died that day, all of them experienced warriors. 47Only 600 of them finally made it into the desert to Rimmon Rock, where they stayed for four months.
48The Israelites turned back and went to every town in Benjamin's territory, killing all the people and animals, and setting the towns on fire.
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